Close
Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / VP Product
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Jennifer Leggio
Chief Marketing Officer / VP Operations
Jennifer Leggio is responsible for Flashpoint’s marketing, customer acquisition, and operations. Ms. Leggio has more than 20 years of experience driving marketing, communications and go-to-market strategies in the cybersecurity industry. She’s previously held senior leadership roles at Digital Shadows, Cisco, Sourcefire, and Fortinet. She’s been a contributor to Forbes and ZDNet, and has spoken on the importance of coordinated disclosure at DEF CON and Hack in the Box, and on threat actor “publicity” trends at RSA Conference, Gartner Security Summit, and SXSW Interactive.
Chris Camacho
Chief Strategy Officer
Chris Camacho leads the company’s client engagement and development team, which includes customer success, business development, strategic integrations and the FPCollab sharing community. With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Rob Reznick
VP of Finance and Corporate Development
Rob Reznick leads the finance, accounting, and corporate development teams at Flashpoint. Rob previously served as Director of Finance & Accounting for 1010data (acquired by Advance/Newhouse), and Director of Finance for Financial Guard (acquired by Legg Mason) after prior work in forensic accounting and dispute consulting. Mr. Reznick is a Certified Public Accountant and holds an MBA and MAcc from the Fisher College of Business at the Ohio State University, and a BBA from the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.
Lance James
Chief Scientist / VP Engineering
Lance James is responsible for leading Flashpoint’s technology development. Prior to joining Flashpoint in 2015, he was the Head of Cyber Intelligence at Deloitte & Touche LLP. Mr. James has been an active member of the security community for over 20 years and enjoys working creatively together with technology teams to design and develop impactful solutions that disrupt online threats.
Brian Costello
SVP Global Sales and Solution Architecture
Brian Costello, a 20-year information technology and security solutions veteran, is responsible for leading the Global Sales, Solution Architecture, and Professional Services teams at Flashpoint. Throughout his career, Brian has successfully built security and cloud teams that have provided customers with innovative technology solutions, exceeded targets and consistently grown business year over year. Prior to Flashpoint, Brian led a global security and cloud vertical practice for Verizon. Brian also held senior leadership roles at Invincea, Risk Analytics and Cybertrust. Brian received his B.A. from George Mason University.
Tom Hofmann
VP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
VP, Client Engagement & Development
Jake Wells leads strategic integrations and information sharing as part of the client engagement & development team, which serves as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
VP Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.
image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
Download Forrester’s Guide to Paying Ransomware Report Now

“Ultimate Anonymity Services” Shop Offers Cybercriminals International RDPs

Blog
October 24, 2017

Dark Web marketplaces selling access to compromised Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) servers have become increasingly popular in the cybercriminal ecosystem over the past several years. UAS — which stands for “Ultimate Anonymity Services” — is one such popular cybercriminal RDP shop that has been online since February 16, 2016.  UAS offers SOCKs proxies in addition to over 35,000 brute forced RDPs for sale. 

Image 1: The first post by the UAS team on their website, written in English and Russian, details the gang's motivations for setting up their RDP shop. The post, translated from the original Russian, reads: 
Image 1: The first post by the UAS team on their website, written in English and Russian, details the gang’s motivations for setting up their RDP shop. The post, translated from the original Russian, reads: 

Hello all!!! Today we opened our service, into which we invested a lot of time and effort. Right now, we have bruteforced RDP-servers for sale at very low prices, as well as SOCKS. Soon, we’ll be offering SSH-tunnels, VPN, and Shells for sale. We hope you will like us, and that you will find everything you are looking for!!!! We will always be happy to listen to your suggestions regarding the functionality and design of the service, as well as suggestions for improvements, etc. Write using our ticket system…

P.S. Before using our service we strongly recommend that you familiarize yourself with our rules and pricing. Just like in the real world, ignorance of the law does not absolve you of responsibility, same here, not knowing our rules does not excuse you from responsibility if you break them.

UAS offers RDPs sourced from countries across the world; however, in keeping with Eastern European cybercriminal norms, the shop does not offer RDPs from the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). Flashpoint analysts evaluated sample data from a variety of countries to determine targeting across the globe and discovered that China, Brazil, India, Spain, and Colombia appear to be among the countries with the greatest number of RDPs for sale on UAS:

• China — 7,216 RDPs

• Brazil — 6,143 RDPs 

• India — 3,062 RDPs 

• Spain — 1,335 RDPs

• Colombia — 929 RDPs 

Image 2: Flashpoint analysts evaluated the number of RDPs offered for sale for more than thirty sample countries. 
Image 2: Flashpoint analysts evaluated the number of RDPs offered for sale for more than thirty sample countries

Flashpoint analysts assess with a low degree of confidence that the aforementioned countries may have a higher number of exposed RDPs due to lax cybersecurity hygiene involving remote connection monitoring. 

Additionally, UAS offers approximately 300 U.S.-based RDPs. Flashpoint investigated various RDP servers available within the United States and determined that most of the RDPs are geographically aggregated across a few specific zip codes. Such concentration possibly indicates opportunistic exploitation of a handful of companies utilizing multiple RDPs; it is likely that these companies have lax security measures, leading to a greater number of vulnerable RDPs.  

Image 3: Flashpoint analysis reveals a concentration of compromised RDPs across only four geographic regions within the United States. 
Image 3: Flashpoint analysis reveals a concentration of compromised RDPs across only four geographic regions within the United States

 The most popular U.S. zip codes in the UAS dataset are as follows:

• 20146 – Ashburn, Virginia — 52 RDPs 

• 43085 – Franklin County, Ohio — 52 RDPs

• 94043 – Santa Clara County, California — 43 RDPs

• 97086 – Clackamas County, Oregon — 36 RDPs

• 94536 – Alameda County, California — 30 RDPs

In line with their research on the xDedic dataset (xDedic is another major RDP shop available to cybercriminals and a UAS competitor), Flashpoint analysts discovered RDPs sourced from healthcare, education, and government entities for sale on UAS.  

RDPs sold on UAS are priced around $10 USD regardless of country of origin, victim operating system, administrative rights, or other factors. By contrast, xDedic sells RDPs at a minimum of around $10 USD, with prices sometimes reaching upwards of $100 USD. Flashpoint analysts did not determine what conditions and factors influence this discrepancy in prices between the two shops.

Interestingly, UAS lays out their pricing model for their RDPs in their FAQ section. The pricing is as follows: 

Image 4: Pricing model for UAS RDPs
Image 4: Pricing model for UAS RDPs

Other factors can increase the price of a compromised RDP on UAS, such as an RDP with an open port 25 or an RDP added to the site less than five hours prior. Altogether, the maximum price for an RDP on UAS is $15 USD.

Flashpoint’s analysis of Deep & Dark Web (DDW) chatter revealed interest in both UAS and xDedic on many Russian-language forums, as well as on one prominent French-language forum.

Assessment

Compromised RDP servers are used both as instruments of anonymity and also oftentimes as a means of providing direct access to victim networks. Over the past several years, Flashpoint analysts have discovered that various hospitality, retail, and online payment services have been breached as a result of criminal syndicates utilizing fraudulently obtained RDP access. 

As RDPs are set up for remote access to an office’s resources, they provide an initial vector into the target organization. By elevating privileges, threat actors can pivot from the environment to which the RDP server provided access to other, more target-rich environments. This could potentially allow actors access to proprietary internal documents or resources, as well as entry points in which to drop various payloads. The types of vulnerabilities present and the ways in which they can be exploited depend on the threat actor’s specific capability, motivation, targeting, and goals. 

Preemptive measures to protect one’s organization against RDP exploitation include conducting audits and reviews of any externally accessible RDP connections to organization networks. RDP access should be protected by a strong and complex password in order to frustrate threat actors’ potential efforts to brute force access to corporate environments.

Overall, Flashpoint assesses with moderate confidence that UAS’s lower prices may contribute to the growing popularity of the shop among cybercriminals.

Flashpoint Intelligence Brief

Subscribe to our newsletter to stay up-to-date on our latest research, news, and events