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Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / VP Product
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Jennifer Leggio
Chief Marketing Officer / VP Operations
Jennifer Leggio is responsible for Flashpoint’s marketing, customer acquisition, and operations. Ms. Leggio has more than 20 years of experience driving marketing, communications and go-to-market strategies in the cybersecurity industry. She’s previously held senior leadership roles at Digital Shadows, Cisco, Sourcefire, and Fortinet. She’s been a contributor to Forbes and ZDNet, and has spoken on the importance of coordinated disclosure at DEF CON and Hack in the Box, and on threat actor “publicity” trends at RSA Conference, Gartner Security Summit, and SXSW Interactive.
Chris Camacho
Chief Strategy Officer
Chris Camacho leads the company’s client engagement and development team, which includes customer success, business development, strategic integrations and the FPCollab sharing community. With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Rob Reznick
VP of Finance and Corporate Development
Rob Reznick leads the finance, accounting, and corporate development teams at Flashpoint. Rob previously served as Director of Finance & Accounting for 1010data (acquired by Advance/Newhouse), and Director of Finance for Financial Guard (acquired by Legg Mason) after prior work in forensic accounting and dispute consulting. Mr. Reznick is a Certified Public Accountant and holds an MBA and MAcc from the Fisher College of Business at the Ohio State University, and a BBA from the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.
Lance James
Chief Scientist / VP Engineering
Lance James is responsible for leading Flashpoint’s technology development. Prior to joining Flashpoint in 2015, he was the Head of Cyber Intelligence at Deloitte & Touche LLP. Mr. James has been an active member of the security community for over 20 years and enjoys working creatively together with technology teams to design and develop impactful solutions that disrupt online threats.
Brian Costello
SVP Global Sales and Solution Architecture
Brian Costello, a 20-year information technology and security solutions veteran, is responsible for leading the Global Sales, Solution Architecture, and Professional Services teams at Flashpoint. Throughout his career, Brian has successfully built security and cloud teams that have provided customers with innovative technology solutions, exceeded targets and consistently grown business year over year. Prior to Flashpoint, Brian led a global security and cloud vertical practice for Verizon. Brian also held senior leadership roles at Invincea, Risk Analytics and Cybertrust. Brian received his B.A. from George Mason University.
Tom Hofmann
VP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
VP, Client Engagement & Development
Jake Wells leads strategic integrations and information sharing as part of the client engagement & development team, which serves as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
VP Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.
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Dataset from “xDedic” Marketplace Suggests Government, Corporate RDP Servers Targeted

Blog
April 25, 2017

Background

The xDedic marketplace is a predominant cybercriminal marketplace on the dark web known for hosting sales of access to compromised Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) servers. RDP is Microsoft’s proprietary protocol that provides users with a graphical interface to connect to another computer over a network connection. System administrators frequently use RDP to control servers and PCs remotely. RDP clients are available for all of the modern operating systems (OS), including Linux, Unix, OS X, iOS, and Android. Server software exists for Windows, Unix, and OS X.

In order to gain RDP access, threat actors typically launch bruteforce attacks by systematically checking all possible RDP username and password combinations until a match is found. This primitive form of attacking requires formidable computing power with distributed resources and is most successful against short, weak passwords.

While these attacks tend to be less effective when users’ RDP login credentials include passwords that are longer and more complex, the use of large botnets can enable some attackers to effectively gain RDP access under such circumstances. Indeed, xDedic cybercriminals typically begin launching large-scale scan and bruteforce attacks to collect as much information as possible before sorting its potential value.

As RDP servers are established in order to provide remote access to office resources, they can provide an initial vector into target organizations. Once a hacker secures login credentials for RDP access, he or she effectively owns the system where the RDP server is installed. In addition to being able to launch external attacks and move laterally within networks, attackers are then able to plant malicious software, exfiltrate data, and/or manipulate network settings.

Many actors also sell the login credentials of targeted systems as commodities on underground marketplaces such as xDedic. As the exploitation of RDPs becomes more popular, numerous threat actors continue to inquire about how to properly configure their compromised RDPs to ensure that their illicit activities remain undetected.

Image 1: Analysis of a previously-exposed xDedic dataset reveal Education, Healthcare, Legal, and Aviation sectors among the most exploited
Image 1: xDedic dataset reveals Education, Healthcare, Legal, and Aviation among most-frequently-targeted sectors

Analysis of xDedic Dataset

Flashpoint analysts gained access via an external link to one previously-exposed xDedic dataset, which contained information belonging to over 85,000 servers. The prolific threat actor “thedarkoverlord,” notorious for targeting healthcare entities, is believed to have leveraged this dataset for at least some of their breaches. Indeed, access to open RDPs belonging to healthcare organizations could provide particularly valuable resources to threat actors. Based on Flashpoint’s analysis of the exposed xDedic marketplace data, the most exploited sector appears to be education, followed by healthcare, legal, aviation, and government. The United States, Germany, and Ukraine appear to be the most frequently-targeted countries.

Dataset analysis suggests RDP compromises most common in U.S., Germany, and Ukraine
Image 2: Dataset analysis suggests RDP compromises most common in U.S., Germany, and Ukraine

Assessment

Leveraging RDPs is a convenient way to enable access to systems over the Internet, especially in corporate environments that have remote IT support staff. Utilizing RDPs, however, is an organizational risk, given that remote attackers — including the prolific threat actor “xDedic” — may be able to guess or brute force the login credentials.

Moreover, exposing RDPs to the Internet often relies on the presumed lack of a remotely-exploitable vulnerability in the RDP’s implementation. While the abuse of corporate and government RDPs is likely to continue, understanding the criminal tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) listed above can help mitigate attacks from this threat vector.

Image 4: The xDedic toolkit that includes xDedic RDP Client, xDedic RDP Patch, and xDedic Socks System is used to target corporate and government entities.
Image 4: The xDedic toolkit that includes xDedic RDP Client, xDedic RDP Patch, and xDedic Socks System is used to target corporate and government entities.

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