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Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / VP Product
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Jennifer Leggio
Chief Marketing Officer / VP Operations
Jennifer Leggio is responsible for Flashpoint’s marketing, customer acquisition, and operations. Ms. Leggio has more than 20 years of experience driving marketing, communications and go-to-market strategies in the cybersecurity industry. She’s previously held senior leadership roles at Digital Shadows, Cisco, Sourcefire, and Fortinet. She’s been a contributor to Forbes and ZDNet, and has spoken on the importance of coordinated disclosure at DEF CON and Hack in the Box, and on threat actor “publicity” trends at RSA Conference, Gartner Security Summit, and SXSW Interactive.
Chris Camacho
Chief Strategy Officer
Chris Camacho partners with Flashpoint’s executive team to develop, communicate, and execute strategic initiatives pertaining to Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Lance James
Chief Scientist / VP Engineering
Lance James is responsible for leading Flashpoint’s technology development. Prior to joining Flashpoint in 2015, he was the Head of Cyber Intelligence at Deloitte & Touche LLP. Mr. James has been an active member of the security community for over 20 years and enjoys working creatively together with technology teams to design and develop impactful solutions that disrupt online threats.
Brian Costello
SVP Global Sales and Solution Architecture
Brian Costello, a 20-year information technology and security solutions veteran, is responsible for leading the Global Sales, Solution Architecture, and Professional Services teams at Flashpoint. Throughout his career, Brian has successfully built security and cloud teams that have provided customers with innovative technology solutions, exceeded targets and consistently grown business year over year. Prior to Flashpoint, Brian led a global security and cloud vertical practice for Verizon. Brian also held senior leadership roles at Invincea, Risk Analytics and Cybertrust. Brian received his B.A. from George Mason University.
Tom Hofmann
VP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
VP Customer Success
Jake Wells leads the company’s customer success team, serving as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
VP Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.
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Targeted Attacks Against South Korean Entities May Have Been as Early as November 2017

Blog
February 2, 2018

On January 31, 2018, KrCERT/CC, the Republic of Korea’s (South Korea) Computer Emergency Response Team, released a notice regarding an Adobe Flash vulnerability, designated CVE-2018-4878. The notice stated that this zero-day vulnerability affects all versions of Adobe Flash Player ActiveX up to 28.0.0.137, which Adobe released on January 9, 2018. KrCERT/CC recommended uninstalling Flash Player and refraining from using Internet Explorer until Adobe releases a patch addressing the zero-day.

At least one South Korean security researcher has stated that they observed actors using an operational exploit for this vulnerability in the wild in South Korea. The researcher shared an image of a Microsoft Excel file with a list of various Korean cosmetic products and their prices that purportedly contains the vulnerability. The researcher also claimed that North Korean threat actors are using this exploit to target South Korean entities, but the researcher did not supply any details that could be used to independently corroborate this claim. Additionally, the researcher omitted details regarding how the vulnerability could be exploited.

Based on the debug information, it appears that threat actors have exploited this vulnerability in the wild since as early as November 14, 2017. Security company ESTSecurity published initial analysis related to some of the indicators of compromise (IOCs) related to the exploit.

The exploit contains the following builder path: 

F:\work\flash\obfuscation\loadswf\src

Image 1: The decompiled SWF object contains server beacon information.
Image 1: The decompiled SWF object contains server beacon information.

According to Adobe, a patch for this vulnerability will be available on February 5, 2018. This is a remote code execution vulnerability with a use-after-free impact. The vulnerability affects Adobe Flash 28.0.0.137 and earlier versions.

Flashpoint assesses with moderate confidence that threat actors may continue to successfully exploit this vulnerability in the wild until the official patch is released. Flashpoint also assesses with moderate confidence that implementing protected view for Office documents and disabling Adobe Flash execution may assist with mitigating exposure to this vulnerability.

Appendix: Detection

rule crime_ole_loadswf_cve_2018_4878
{
meta:
   // DESCRIPTION
description = “Detects CVE-2018-4878”
vuln_type = “Remote Code Execution”
vuln_impact = “Use-after-free”
affected_versions = “Adobe Flash 28.0.0.137 and earlier versions”
mitigation0 = “Implement Protected View for Office documents”
mitigation1 = “Disable Adobe Flash”
weaponization = “Embedded in Microsoft Office first payloads”
actor = “Purported North Korean actors”
reference = “hxxps://www[.]krcert[.]or[.kr/data/secNoticeView.do?bulletin_writing_sequence=26998”
 author = “Vitali Kremez, Flashpoint”
    version = “1.1″

strings:
// EMBEDDED FLASH OBJECT BIN HEADER
$header = “rdf:RDF” wide ascii

// OBJECT APPLICATION TYPE TITLE
$title = “Adobe Flex” wide ascii

// PDB PATH
$pdb = “F:\\work\\flash\\obfuscation\\loadswf\\src” wide ascii

// LOADER STRINGS
$s0 = “URLRequest” wide ascii
$s1 = “URLLoader” wide ascii
$s2 = “loadswf” wide ascii
$s3 = “myUrlReqest” wide ascii

condition:
all of ($header*) and all of ($title*) and 3 of ($s*) or all of ($pdb*) and all of ($header*) and 1 of ($s*)
}

IV. Mitigation
A. Implement Protected View for Office documents
B. Disable Adobe Flash execution

Notably, there is no patch for this vulnerability until February 5, 2018 according to Adobe. [3]

V. Indicators of Compromise (MD5):
9593d277b42947ef28217325bcc1fe50
5f97c5ea28c0401abc093069a50aa1f8

1F93C09EED6BB17EC46E63F00BD40EBB

4C1533CBFB693DA14E54E5A92CE6FABA

VI. Command and Control (C2) servers:
hxxp://www[.]dylboiler[.]co[.]kr/admincenter/files/boad/4/manager[.]php
hxxp://www[.]1588-2040[.]co[.]kr/design/m/images/image/image[.]php

VII. PDB path:
F:\work\flash\obfuscation\loadswf\src

SNORT Rule:

alert tcp $HOME_NET any -> $EXTERNAL_NET $HTTP_PORTS (msg:”Possible CVE-2018-4878 check-in alert”; flow:established,to_server; http_uri; content:”?id=”; http_uri; content:”&fp_vs=”; http_uri; content:”&os_vs=”; http_uri; reference: source, Vitali Kremez-Flashpoint; classtype:Trojan-activity; rev:1;)

 

avatar

Vitali Kremez

Director of Research

Vitali Kremez is a Director of Research at Flashpoint. He oversees analyst collection efforts and leads a technical team that specializes in researching and investigating complex cyber attacks, network intrusions, data breaches, and hacking incidents. Vitali is a strong believer in responsible disclosure and has helped enterprises and government agencies deliver indictments of many high-profile investigations involving data breaches, network intrusions, ransomware, computer hacking, intellectual property theft, credit card fraud, money laundering, and identity theft. Previously, Vitali enjoyed a rewarding career as a Cybercrime Investigative Analyst for the New York County District Attorney’s Office.
He has earned the majority of certifications available in the information technology, information security, digital forensics, and fraud intelligence fields. A renowned expert, speaker, blogger, and columnist, Vitali has contributed articles to Dark Reading, BusinessReview, and Infosecurity Magazine and is a frequent commentator on cybercrime, hacking incidents, policy, and security.

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