Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with the fastest, most comprehensive coverage of threatening activity on the internet. He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / Chief Product Officer
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Chris Camacho
Chief Revenue Officer
As Chief Revenue Officer, Chris Camacho leads the company’s global sales team, which includes solution architecture, business development, strategic integrations, partnerships, and revenue operations; he is also the architect of Flashpoint’s FPCollab sharing community. With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Donald Saelinger
Donald Saelinger is responsible for driving strategic and operational initiatives to accelerate Flashpoint’s growth and scale. In this role, Donald leads a broad portfolio including Marketing, Customer Success, Revenue Operations, Legal and related functions, and is focused on helping the company execute on a go-to-market approach that maximizes value to our customers. Prior to Flashpoint, Donald served as Chief Operating Officer and General Counsel of Endgame, Inc., an endpoint detection and response company acquired by Elastic N.V. in 2019, and where he led a range of teams focused on growth, scale, and legal and compliance matters. Donald also previously served as the General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer at Opower, Inc. (NYSE: OPWR), a global provider of SaaS solutions to electric and gas utilities that was acquired by Oracle, Inc. in 2016. Donald graduated from Columbia University in 2000 and received his JD from the Georgetown University Law Center in 2006.
Rob Reznick
SVP Finance and Corporate Development
Rob Reznick leads the finance, accounting, and corporate development teams at Flashpoint. Rob previously served as Director of Finance & Accounting for 1010data (acquired by Advance/Newhouse), and Director of Finance for Financial Guard (acquired by Legg Mason) after prior work in forensic accounting and dispute consulting. Mr. Reznick is a Certified Public Accountant and holds an MBA and MAcc from the Fisher College of Business at the Ohio State University, and a BBA from the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.
Tom Hofmann
SVP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
SVP Solutions Architecture
Jake Wells leads strategic integrations and information sharing as part of the client engagement & development team, which serves as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
SVP Strategy and Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.
Justin Rogers
VP Revenue Operations
Justin Rogers leads the Revenue Operations team at Flashpoint, aligning sales, marketing, partnerships, customer success, and finance across vision, planning, process, and goals. He leverages over 15 years of experience in security, strategy, product design, and implementation to drive growth, provide an end-to-end view of the customer journey, and a seamless customer experience. Recently, Justin led Marketing for Centripetal, bringing the first Threat Intelligence Gateway to market. Previously, he managed operations of a Counter IED lab electronics forensics division while forward deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. Justin holds a BS in Electrical Engineering from the University of New Hampshire.
Peter Partyka
VP Engineering
Peter Partyka leads Flashpoint’s engineering teams. Peter previously worked in the quantitative hedge fund space in New York City, implementing security and administrative solutions around proprietary trading platforms, high-availability cloud deployments, and hardening of applications and infrastructure. Peter leverages more than 16 years of experience in technology specializing in application security, red-teaming, penetration testing, exploit development, as well as blue-teaming. Peter has a long track record of managing tech teams and implementing engineering security best practices. Recently Peter led Flashpoint toward GDPR and CCPA compliance and has been a key architect of Flashpoint’s robust compliance programs. Peter has taught advanced cybersecurity courses at New York University and consulted at various tech startups during his career.
Paul Farley
Paul Farley is responsible for the Asia-Pacific region of Flashpoint's international business, including Australia, Japan, and Singapore. In his role at Flashpoint, Paul is executing growth-oriented sales strategies across multiple countries and vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial. Paul has extensive experience leading regional sales for both pre-IPO growth businesses and large organizations such as RSA, EMC and DELL.
Steven Cooperman
VP Public Sector Sales
Steven Cooperman is responsible for Flashpoint’s strategy and sales growth of its public sector business. He also supports the development of a robust partner ecosystem for public sector business to deliver value added offerings and innovation focused to the mission of government. Steven has an established and diverse career in the Public Sector, holding leadership positions at a number of successful enterprise software companies and Federal System Integrators, including ServiceNow, HP, Oracle and Northrop Grumman. He holds an MA in Analytic Geography from the State University of New York - Binghamton, and received his BS in Geology from the State University - Oneonta.
Matthew Howell
VP Product
Matthew Howell leads the Product Management and Product Marketing teams for Flashpoint. He is responsible for developing a strong team that drives product adoption and user engagement through outcome based prioritization, continuous process improvement, and metrics driven development. Matthew brings a passion for diverse ideas, experience launching B2B SaaS products, building integration ecosystems, supporting five 9s SLAs, and leading distributed teams. He holds a bachelor’s degree in computer science from the University of Virginia
Glenn Lemons
Executive Director Strategic Accounts Engagement
Glenn Lemons is Executive Director, Strategic Accounts Engagement at Flashpoint. He previously served as the acting Director of Citigroup's Cyber Intelligence Center where he was responsible for analyzing and reacting to intelligence from a variety of threats. These threats ranged from fraudulent activity and attempting to defraud Citi's clients to supporting security operations for the firm's worldwide network presence. He has extensive experience working with multiple clients across the financial services, manufacturing, healthcare, and public sectors. Glenn also has more than 26 years of intelligence experience within the operational and support communities in the U.S. military and federal civilian service; seven of which focused on both defensive and offensive cyber operations. While working for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, he testified numerous times before U.S. Congressional committees and member requested open and closed sessions.
Steve Leightell
Steve started his career in Internet sales in the early 1990s and was always a top sales rep before transitioning to business development. By the early 2000s, he was the Director of Business Development at DWL, where he managed a team that built partnerships with Accenture, Oracle, Tata Consulting, Wipro, Cognizant and IBM. Steve designed the channel and strategy that ultimately culminated in the acquisition of DWL by IBM in 2005. He went on to lead a global team within IBM that was responsible for major system integrator partnerships. In 2008, he left IBM to found a niche consulting firm focused on business development for SaaS organizations. Steve holds a BA in anthropology and sociology from Carleton University in Ottawa.
Ellie Wheeler
Ellie Wheeler is a Partner at Greycroft and is based in the firm’s New York office. Prior to joining Greycroft, Ellie worked in a similar role evaluating investment opportunities at Lowercase Capital. Ellie also worked at Cisco in Corporate Development doing acquisitions, investments, and strategy within the unified communications, enterprise software, mobile, and video sectors. While at Cisco, she was involved in multiple acquisitions and investments, including PostPath, Jabber, Xobni, and Tandberg. She began her career in growth capital private equity at Summit Partners in Boston. Ellie graduated magna cum laude from Georgetown University with a BA in Psychology and holds an MBA from Harvard Business School.
Glenn McGonnigle
Glenn McGonnigle is a General Partner at TechOperators. Prior to launching TechOperators in 2008, Glenn was CEO of VistaScape Security Systems, a venture-backed provider of enterprise intelligent video surveillance software. He lead the company through its successful sale to Siemens Building Technologies. Previously, Glenn was a co-founder and senior executive of Atlanta-based Internet Security Systems (ISS) where he helped raise initial venture capital and launch the business. For 7 years, he led the business development team in developing sales channels and entering the managed security services market. During his tenure, the company grew from startup to revenues of over $225 million and was later acquired by IBM for $1.3 billion.
Brendan Hannigan
Brendan joined Polaris Partners in 2016 as an entrepreneur partner. In this role, he focuses on funding and founding companies in the technology sector with a concentration in cloud, analytics, and cybersecurity. Brendan is a co-founder of Sonrai Security and chairman of Twistlock, both Polaris investments. He also currently serves on the board of Bitsight Technologies and Flashpoint. A 25 year technology industry veteran, Brendan was most recently the general manager of IBM Security. Under Brendan’s leadership, IBM Security grew significantly faster than the overall security market to become the number one enterprise security provider in the world with almost $2B of annual revenue.
Matt Devost
Currently, Devost serves as CEO & Co-Founder of OODA LLC as well as a review board member for Black Hat. In 2010, he co-founded the cybersecurity consultancy FusionX LLC which was acquired by Accenture in August 2015, where he went on to lead Accenture's Global Cyber Defense practice. Devost also founded the Terrorism Research Center in 1996 where he served as President and CEO until November 2008 and held founding or leadership roles at iDefense, iSIGHT Partners, Total Intel, SDI, Tulco Holdings, and Technical Defense.
image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
Gain free access to our platform for intel related to the conflict in Ukraine

Profile and Exclusive Interview with Iraqi Shiite Insurgents Ashab al-Kahf

August 20, 2020

By Evan Kohlmann

Over the past few months, local contractors providing supplies to U.S. military bases and outposts in Iraq have come under a variety of pinprick IED attacks along highways stretching across southern and central Iraq from the Kuwaiti border. Although the attacks have generally caused few casualties and limited damage, they appear designed to send a deliberate message: U.S. supply lines can be cut off if the U.S. military refuses to withdraw from Iraq. While there is still some debate over precisely who is responsible for these IEDs, it is largely agreed that they are the work of Shiite insurgents, and many of them have been claimed by an insurgent faction that calls itself Ashab al-Kahf. This group is one of the oldest of the newer generation of armed Shiite splinter groups in Iraq and emerged five months before the U.S. airstrike in January 2020 that killed Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) Quds Force leader Qasem Soleimani and Iraqi Shiite militia commander Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis. The administrator of the pro-Shiite “Sabireen News” Telegram channel–who claims to have met with members of the group in Baghdad–commented that “they are good guys” but “not professional”: “they have good connections in Iraq” but “they have weakness in media.” According to the “Sabireen News” administrator, “they fight not for money or politics, they want just to take revenge.” In an attempt to better understand its origins, mission, and future trajectory, Flashpoint engaged the group in an exclusive recent interview.

Ashab al-Kahf first declared its existence on August 22, 2019 following a drumbeat series of five mysterious drone missile strikes within the space of only a month targeting pro-Iranian Shiite militia bases in Iraq. One day earlier, on August 21, Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis issued a statement publicly accusing the U.S. of assisting Israel in bringing at least four drones into Iraq for the purpose of launching missile attacks on Iraqi Shiite militiamen and their Iranian allies. According to the statement from al-Muhandis, the U.S. was “the first and last party responsible” for the drone strikes and that his militiamen would use “all means at their disposal” to defend themselves. The U.S. military dismissed the claim, but the next day, on August 22, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu appeared to publicly confirm Israel’s responsibility for at least some of these strikes, commenting only, “We are working against Iranian consolidation—in Iraq as well.”

On the same day, a new Twitter account was created whose first post announced “starting today… we announce the launch of the resistance group guided by Islamic culture and principles, whose goals are to preserve human dignity, defend the oppressed, and restore our rights with the help of almighty Allah.” The message was signed in the name of “Ashab al-Kahf” from “the Islamic Resistance in Iraq.” According to the official Ashab al-Kahf website, “We are the soldiers of Islam, God willing, who have fought to defend Islam since 2003 when the arrogant invaded Iraq in order to achieve their destructive diabolical goals in Iraq and the region and our brothers confronted them in various stages and in various ways to thwart the goals of the enemy.” Ashab al-Kahf has accused the U.S. of “plunging Iraq” into a battle with ISIS “for tactical subversive goals and to embroil it in a war that made it impossible to refuse the return of American forces to Iraq.” As a result, according to Ashab al-Kahf, “the men of Islam (the youth of our project) gathered together from all of the respected Islamic resistance factions to reorganize their ranks under a new methodology and work in a more organized way to expel the occupiers… We gathered under the banner of the Islamic Resistance in Iraq, Ashab al-Kahf.”

Ashab al-Kahf insists that it is resolutely opposed to negotiations or compromise with the U.S. or any continued presence of U.S. military forces on Iraqi soil–regardless of whether their stated purpose is to combat the spread of ISIS and a recent surge of ISIS activity in Iraq. Indeed, in its own words, Ashab al-Kahf is “focused on the main engine and supporter of ISIS in the region”: the United States. According to an Ashab al-Kahf representative, “We believe that the increase in ISIS operations is a pressure point used by the American occupation to achieve its interests and muddy the situation in Iraq and the region.” The group has urged Iraqi political leaders to avoid any political compromises with the U.S., even if “the Americans will get upset and will target us.” In May 2020, spokesmen for the group claimed that they welcomed an open military confrontation with America: “tell me what is different from now, let the situation develop and become like Yemen and then we can become prosperous…Get ready, agents of America and Israel, say farewell to the compromises and balances that caused us to reverse our progress backwards by centuries.”

In messages posted on Twitter in August 2019 on the same day as it publicly emerged, Ashab al-Kahf drew a clear connection between its own immediate origins and the then-recent series of suspected Israeli airstrikes targeting Shiite militiamen in Iraq. The group warned, “In the event that the strikes were carried out by the Israeli or American enemy, then in both cases military targets, which may be American, will be mostly responded to… The reckless, oppressive occupier will be held accountable for the actions of the past”: “From today on, the Americans and the Israelis should know that bombings will be met with bombings, assassinations for assassinations, and kidnappings for kidnappings.” At least one of the posts hinted at feelings of dissent over “the silence of our brothers from the factions of the Islamic resistance” in the wake of the Israeli drone strikes–which “left the scene open to various methods of hostile, intelligence, military, and media work. Where are the sons of Ali bin Abi Talib, may Allah bless him, from those painful days of the enemy?”

In an exclusive interview with Flashpoint, Ashab al-Kahf representatives insisted that they do not have any specific relationships with prominent Shiite militia groups active in Iraq such as Kataib Hezbollah, Asaib Ahl al-Haq, and Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba. Likewise, during a conversation about the group with Flashpoint, the administrator of “Sabireen News” dismissed any notion of a hidden connection between Ashab al-Kahf and Kataib Hezbollah: “I’m sure… they are not [linked] and they don’t have any contact with them.” Nonetheless, Ashab al-Kahf was incensed several days after its public formation in August 2019 when yet another suspected Israeli drone strike took place targeting Kataib Hezbollah forces in a convoy near the Iraqi-Syrian border city of Al-Qaim. On August 25–via Twitter–Ashab al-Kahf accused its enemies of “playing with the lives and blood of our dear ones” and announced news of the “Israeli military drone strike on our brothers, Kataib Hezbollah, in which our dear brother Abu Ali al-Dabi won the honor of martyrdom.” Ashab al-Kahf created a page on its official website about the “fall of the martyrs from [Kataib] Hezbollah” in the Al-Qaim attack and posted further messages on Twitter “encouraging our brothers, the blessed Kataib Hezbollah, to take their revenge.”

As a matter of official record, Ashab al-Kahf told Flashpoint that it respects both Asaib Ahl al-Haq and Kataib Hezbollah for having “a proven record of resisting the occupation and confronting its agenda.” The spokesman for Ashab al-Kahf spoke favorably of Kataib Hezbollah’s “honorable history”–and even after Kataib Hezbollah announced in the spring of 2020 that it would temporarily hold off further attacks on U.S. forces, he reassured to Flashpoint, “As it relates to them stopping attacks, they know what is best from their point of view and that is respected.” Yet, on several noteworthy occasions, various mouthpieces for Ashab al-Kahf have been unusually blunt in their criticism of the major Iraqi Shiite militias and their political leaders. In November 2019, the official Ashab al-Kahf Twitter account warned of “corrupt people affiliated with Islam and Shiism” who “were tools for the American enemy and the project of Jewish expansion in the region and Iraq in particular.” Two months later, an article was added to the Ashab al-Kahf website beseeching, “Where are the mujahideen of Asaib [Ahl al-Haq], who with their weapons cut the enemy’s soldiers to pieces, where are the sons of Kataib Hezbollah… just as many of you caused the failure of the project to overthrow Syria, please set out with many of you to expel the criminal American enemy.”

Later, in the spring of 2020, an Ashab al-Kahf Telegram account began blasting harsh rhetoric against a variety of others–including senior officials from Iraqi Shiite militias themselves. In April, the account admonished:

“Has everyone who promised to get revenge for the martyrs on the American enemy failed to fulfill their vows? Instead, they used the incidents as a negotiating tactic to secure powerful political positions by threatening to retaliate. Middlemen presented them with appealing offers… and these talks even extended to people close to the martyred commanders [Qasem Soleimani and Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis]. There is discussion among the brothers of jihad from all the factions of the Islamic resistance, and they have agreed about their dissatisfaction with what has been done by their groups and their leaders.”

In May, the Ashab al-Kahf account posted a photo of Soleimani and al-Muhandis, mourning, “twice you were backstabbed, the first time at the hands of your enemies and the second time at the hands of those that claim to love you…the betrayal of a friend is worse than an attack by the enemy.”

At first, the posts insisted that “names would not be mentioned”–but then quickly descended into ugly personal attacks on rival Shiite forces in Iraq: “without mentioning names, one of them promised to take revenge and loves oil so much, the other is hooked on women, the other killed half the Sunni people for money and fame, and later became their defender, the other is strong and leads a deep state, while the other is short and falls down at every celebration and doesn’t understand anything, but he is very evil.” Attached to a photo of Iraqi Parliamentarians, the posts continued, “this one is a lowlife, you can’t blame him–but the other one is [a member of] Asaib [Ahl al-Haq]! …[O’ Asaib] where is your prestige and your sword that shines defending Islam and the sect? Where are the martyrs?…Has it really come to this? Shaykh Qais [al-Khazali] has become an agent of one of the three [Iraqi] presidencies?”

The Ashab al-Kahf Telegram lambasted “traitors” to the hardline Shiite cause in Iraq as “American trash”: “if the heads of… those who claim to be America’s enemies publicly but its friends in private were cut off, Iraq’s situation would improve… In the past, we would target one common enemy… but today, the scenario has changed.” The posts conspiratorially blamed “American and Israeli infiltration of Iraq”–which according to the author “is deeper than one might think. The infiltration may have reached further than the political, financial security, military institutions… it may have reached individuals who surround the safety valve and center of trust.” During an interview with Flashpoint, Ashab al-Kahf characterized current Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi as “a CIA agent and we have no contact with him, and there will be no communication with a government led by an agent. Our position is consistent and clear.”

In discussing the ongoing situation in Iraq with Flashpoint, an Ashab al-Kahf representative separately acknowledged being familiar with the other smaller armed Shiite insurgent splinter factions “that appeared recently after the martyrdom of our commanders” including Usbat al-Thaereen and the Al-Muhandis Revenge Brigade–”they [these groups] adopt Islamic ideas and we wish them success in their work. No, we do not coordinate with them.” Although Ashab al-Kahf maintained to Flashpoint that “we have no relationship with Iran”, the group has effusively praised Iran’s key ally in the region Lebanese Hezbollah and its leader Hassan Nasrallah. On its official website, Ashab al-Kahf openly addressed Nasrallah and reassured him that “here in Iraq, you have those who believe in your leadership, follow your orders, [and] trust your words.”

Following its emergence in the late summer of 2019, Ashab al-Kahf immediately homed in on the controversial issue of U.S. and Israeli military aircraft operating in Iraqi airspace. On August 23, the group’s official Twitter account reasoned that “enemy Israeli aircraft were able to enter and implement their objectives and safely return only through the unjust assistance of America.” The account began to post technical information about U.S. military radar and air defense systems used in Iraq, as well as alleged overhead photos of U.S. military bases in Iraq–with analysis of key areas within the bases and the locations of American military hardware positioned there. It posted photos and technical information about the Lockheed Martin AN/TPQ-53 radar system, which the group labeled “an example of the surveillance and monitoring of the Ashab al-Kahf intelligence team on the camps and bases of the enemy.” Ashab al-Kahf pointed to this information as proof that “the enemy is penetrated and weak and they are not even aware. We are above you and you do not know.”

Likewise, in its public propaganda, Ashab al-Kahf has repeatedly alluded to possessing shoulder-fired surface-to-air missiles and has threatened to use them against hostile aircraft, including drones. The group formally claimed responsibility for downing a U.S. reconnaissance drone on July 23-24, 2020 near the Iraqi city of Baiji, and distributed images suggesting that the attack was carried out with a guided surface-to-air missile. According to the administrator of “Sabireen News”, the specific type of missile used was neither a Russian-made SAM-7 nor an Iranian-made Misagh series. The U.S. military publicly denied that any such downing of a drone had taken place.

Ashab al-Kahf also claims to have carried out advanced sabotage attacks on strategic targets–such as the Jirishan crossing on the Iraq-Kuwait border. On August 10, 2020, the group announced that it had set off an explosion at the crossing, wounding non-Iraqi foreign contract workers and “destroying the equipment and vehicles of the American enemy.” It further released grainy nighttime video footage of a distant explosion, which it claimed had been recorded near the site of the attack. Nonetheless, a spokesman for the U.S. military told Flashpoint that “there definitely was not an attack” at the Jirishan border crossing. During an interview with Flashpoint, Ashab al-Kahf claimed to have also attacked U.S. assets on the Iraqi-Syrian border, but provided no further details.

Overall, however, the vast majority of attacks claimed by Ashab al-Kahf are smaller roadside bomb-type IEDs targeting local private contractors resupplying U.S. military posts and bases in Iraq. The attacks have taken place over a vast swath of central Iraq–in an area stretching from Iraq’s southern and western borders all the way to the northern city of Tikrit–and at least some of them have ultimately been acknowledged by the U.S. military and Iraqi government. The tempo of these attacks also appears to have dramatically increased over the course of the summer of 2020. However, they have rarely resulted in any casualties and the damage caused by them has been relatively minimal. Ashab al-Kahf has posted multiple warnings advising drivers and other civilians to steer clear of U.S. military supply convoys and has even named the companies behind contractor convoys it is eyeing. When asked why the group would risk its personnel to engage in such a low intensity IED campaign, the administrator of “Sabireen News” responded, “All the convoys of logistics for the USA army have Iraqi people as drivers. We are resistance, we don’t attack civilians and our people.” Ashab al-Kahf also expressed ambivalence in its discussion with Flashpoint over the targeting of foreign embassies in Baghdad: “Diplomatic missions enjoy immunity as long as they are bound by [diplomatic] norms and do not deviate from the boundaries of their diplomatic work, although we think most of them do not.”

Given the significant number of attacks claimed by Ashab al-Kahf that have been later categorized as false by the Iraqi government and the U.S. military, there have been questions over to what degree the group really exists outside of the Internet and/or whether it is merely a propaganda tool for a more established Shiite militia group seeking plausible deniability. Ashab al-Kahf Telegram accounts have even made light of how “typical” it has become for a U.S. military spokesman to reject their claims. The photos and video the group has released in an effort to document their attacks have often been noticeably blurry, low quality, and ultimately inconclusive. When asked about these questions by Flashpoint, an Ashab al-Kahf spokesman responded, “The sounds of explosions and fires that are killing American soldiers in Iraq since 2017 until today are the best evidence that [we] actually exist.” It is interesting to note that 2017 is at least two years before the group formally declared its existence, another hint to its potential origins.

Although it has yet to attack any target outside the borders of Iraq, Ashab al-Kahf has directly threatened Iraq’s neighbors over their cooperation with the United States and Israel, and due to their role in supporting U.S. military operations on Iraqi soil. On its Twitter feed, the group has derisively referred to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates as the “puppets” of the U.S. and its Western allies and an Ashab al-Kahf spokesman explained to Flashpoint that “our opinion of Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Israel is not different from our opinion of the United States of America as a system that places its top priority on targeting Islam and Muslims in all parts of the world.” It claims to have taken action to confront “provocative activities by enemy diplomats in Iraq” and warned Flashpoint that–even beyond Iraqi territory–“in the future it is possible to target all those that target Islam and Muslims and attack the sovereignty of our beloved country.”

Most recently, Ashab al-Kahf has placed its crosshairs on Kuwait, warning the Kuwaiti government regarding its irritation at the presence of U.S. bases and posts “very close to the Iraqi border”: “we have not carried out any provocations or operations out of respect for the security of the people of Kuwait.” In an open statement addressed to Kuwait, the group cited “groups of combat helicopters and others used for U.S. logistical support that violate the airspace of Iraq and cause harm to its people take off from various American bases in Kuwait… Despite the above, until now, no one has attacked you.” Ashab al-Kahf identified four U.S. bases in Kuwait of specific interest to them: Ali al-Salem Air Base, Camp Arifjian, Camp Virginia, and “Camp Udairi” (now known as Camp Buehring). Separately, the group also emphasized “the importance to us” of Al-Udeid Air Base in Qatar.

At the conclusion of our exclusive interview, Flashpoint asked Ashab al-Kahf representatives if they had a particular message they wished to send to the U.S. government or the U.S. military regarding their ongoing presence in Iraq. According to Ashab al-Kahf, “Our message to America and its allies is that we tell them we will resist your projects and plans until the last breath in this life, God willing. Our message to Trump is: Thank you, Trump, because your folly in making decisions greatly contributes to heroic men going to the fronts and saved us a lot of trouble in persuading young believers of the need to resist and expel the occupiers.” It remains an open question as to whether Ashab al-Kahf will continue ramping up the scale of its attacks in Iraq (and perhaps elsewhere in the region) until it gains the notoriety from the U.S. military and American policymakers that it is seeking.

Flashpoint Intelligence Brief

Subscribe to our newsletter to stay up-to-date on our latest research, news, and events