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Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / VP Product
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Jennifer Leggio
Chief Marketing Officer / VP Operations
Jennifer Leggio is responsible for Flashpoint’s marketing, customer acquisition, and operations. Ms. Leggio has more than 20 years of experience driving marketing, communications and go-to-market strategies in the cybersecurity industry. She’s previously held senior leadership roles at Digital Shadows, Cisco, Sourcefire, and Fortinet. She’s been a contributor to Forbes and ZDNet, and has spoken on the importance of coordinated disclosure at DEF CON and Hack in the Box, and on threat actor “publicity” trends at RSA Conference, Gartner Security Summit, and SXSW Interactive.
Chris Camacho
Chief Strategy Officer
Chris Camacho leads the company’s client engagement and development team, which includes customer success, business development, strategic integrations and the FPCollab sharing community. With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Rob Reznick
VP of Finance and Corporate Development
Rob Reznick leads the finance, accounting, and corporate development teams at Flashpoint. Rob previously served as Director of Finance & Accounting for 1010data (acquired by Advance/Newhouse), and Director of Finance for Financial Guard (acquired by Legg Mason) after prior work in forensic accounting and dispute consulting. Mr. Reznick is a Certified Public Accountant and holds an MBA and MAcc from the Fisher College of Business at the Ohio State University, and a BBA from the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.
Lance James
Chief Scientist / VP Engineering
Lance James is responsible for leading Flashpoint’s technology development. Prior to joining Flashpoint in 2015, he was the Head of Cyber Intelligence at Deloitte & Touche LLP. Mr. James has been an active member of the security community for over 20 years and enjoys working creatively together with technology teams to design and develop impactful solutions that disrupt online threats.
Brian Costello
SVP Global Sales and Solution Architecture
Brian Costello, a 20-year information technology and security solutions veteran, is responsible for leading the Global Sales, Solution Architecture, and Professional Services teams at Flashpoint. Throughout his career, Brian has successfully built security and cloud teams that have provided customers with innovative technology solutions, exceeded targets and consistently grown business year over year. Prior to Flashpoint, Brian led a global security and cloud vertical practice for Verizon. Brian also held senior leadership roles at Invincea, Risk Analytics and Cybertrust. Brian received his B.A. from George Mason University.
Tom Hofmann
VP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
VP, Client Engagement & Development
Jake Wells leads strategic integrations and information sharing as part of the client engagement & development team, which serves as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
VP Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.
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Overview of President-Elect Donald Trump’s Cyber Policy

BRI
November 10, 2016

Key Takeaways

• President-elect Donald Trump’s unique campaign and status as an outsider have made his cyber policy positions difficult to predict.

• Trump’s cybersecurity vision calls for a “Cyber Review Team” composed of law enforcement, military, and private sector experts. The team would conduct a “top-to-bottom” review of U.S. cybersecurity infrastructure.

• Trump’s vision also calls for a comprehensive review of U.S. military cyber capabilities and greater integration with federal, state, and local law enforcement on cyber threats.

• Trump also supports the controversial concept of cyber deterrence built heavily on a robust offensive cyber capability, though this may change.

• On information and communication technologies, Trump has aligned with most Republicans. He has advocated against the transfer of Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) to international control and has stated he is against the Federal Communication Commission’s ruling on net neutrality.

• President-elect Trump has tended to side with law enforcement over industry and privacy groups regarding encryption and other issues involving the tension between privacy and security.

Background

Throughout both his primary and general election campaigns, President-elect Trump’s unconventional campaign and outsider status have made his policy positions difficult to predict. Unlike his opponents, Trump has not employed high-profile national security or policy professionals who may be able to better enumerate the finer points of his cybersecurity policy. In addition, President-elect Trump’s stances on key issues have changed remarkably over time — at times aligning and conflicting with the Republican establishment — and reflect a more pragmatic than ideological approach to policy issues. These factors have confounded attempts at a more granular understanding of President-elect Trump’s cyber policy.

The Trump campaign has released the broad strokes of his cybersecurity policy on his campaign website. The centerpiece of President-elect Trump’s cybersecurity strategy is a top-down review of the U.S. cybersecurity posture, to include an “immediate review of all U.S. cyber defenses and vulnerabilities, including critical infrastructure.” This “Cyber Review Team” would consist of key individuals from stakeholder groups such as military, law enforcement, and the private sector. This proposal is remarkably similar to President Obama’s Commission on Enhancing National Cybersecurity.

For military cyber defense, President-elect Trump has promised to order a comprehensive review of U.S. military cyber capabilities. He has stated that he will order the Secretary of Defense and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to conduct a review of United States Cyber Command (CYBERCOM). The review will focus on “both offense and defense in the cyber domain.” This review comes at a critical time for CYBERCOM, as both the Department of Defense and both Houses of Congress are in a heated debate over the fate of the agency. The discussion centers around whether to split it off from its integration with the National Security Agency, promote it to a full combatant command, or, as some have advocated, create an entirely military cyber force. Republicans are split on the issue, and President-elect Trump has not taken a firm stance.

Trump has also advocated strengthening the United States’ arsenal of offensive military cyber capabilities, though it is unclear what this means. Trump’s website states that he will “develop the offensive cyber capabilities we need to deter attacks by both state and non-state actors and, if necessary, to respond appropriately.” Trump has called out cyber intrusions by both China and North Korea as examples where the United States should “respond appropriately.” The effectiveness of robust and visible offensive cyber capabilities as a deterrent has not been proven, and Republican national security circles appear to be split on the issue. President-elect Trump’s stance on cyber deterrence and proportional response in the cyber domain could continue to evolve as new advisors join his transition team.

Trump’s campaign plans to “instruct the U.S. Department of Justice to create Joint Task Forces throughout the U.S. to coordinate Federal, State, and local law enforcement responses to cyber threats.” In general, Trump has sided with law enforcement in weighing privacy versus security, stating he would “err on the side of security.” In the recent debate over encryption, Trump sided with law enforcement over civil liberties organizations and the technology community. In the FBI’s court battle against Apple to unlock the iPhone of the San Bernardino shooter, Trump publicly sided with the FBI. Given these facts, it is possible that President-elect Trump would be in favor of government-mandated backdoors for law enforcement on digital devices protected by encryption.

President-elect Trump’s policies have generally aligned with the mainstream Republican establishment regarding regulation of Internet carriers, technology, and oversight and regulation of ICT infrastructure. Trump has publicly stated his opposition to the Federal Communication Commission’s (FCC) Open Internet Order, which preserved net neutrality — the principle that Internet Service Providers should treat all Internet traffic equally. One of the few known advisors to Trump’s transition team rumored to be in charge of telecom policy, Jeffrey Eisenach, suggested that he “would expect [Trump] to appoint to the FCC [a chairman] who would be inclined to take a less regulatory position.” This is a strong indicator that Trump may attempt to reverse the FCC’s ruling on net neutrality, a stance that aligns closely with many Republican members in the U.S. Congress.

Trump has also advocated against a bill authorizing transfer of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) to be regulated and managed internationally, rather than by the U.S. government. Trump campaign spokesman Stephen Miller has stated, “The U.S. should not turn control of the Internet over to the United Nations and the international community.” The opposition appears to be motivated by fears that countries like China and Russia would be able to impose their own Internet censorship and restrictions on the United States, or the wider global community. Though the bill that allows IANA’s transfer to international control under a non-profit passed, President Trump may continue to press the issue to return IANA to U.S. control under the U.S. Department of Commerce.

Additionally, Trump has advocated against transferring the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) to an international body, rather than being managed by the U.S. government. Earlier this year, Trump supported a measure by Senator Ted Cruz (R-TX) that would stop the transfer and keep it under the U.S. Department of Commerce’s National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA). Regarding the issue, Trump campaign spokesman Stephen Miller has stated, “The U.S. should not turn control of the Internet over to the United Nations and the international community.” The opposition appears to be motivated by fears that countries like China and Russia would be able to impose their own Internet censorship and restrictions on the United States or the wider global community. Though Cruz’s bill ultimately failed to pass, President Trump may continue to press the issue to return IANA to U.S. control under the U.S. Department of Commerce.

Assessment

Many of President-elect Trump’s stated policy positions appear to have been formed by campaign staff rather than policy experts — a result of his streamlined campaign model and unique strategy, which has focused on broad vision and message over policy details. In the next few weeks and months, however, as his transition team’s circle of advisors expands, President-elect Trump’s cyber policies will likely evolve as more concrete and robust policy positions are formed for his administration. The finer points of these positions will likely be fleshed out further after major cabinet positions are decided and more policy-oriented political appointments become clearer approaching Inauguration Day.

Sources

• https://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2016/04/13/announcing-presidents-commission-enhancing-national-cybersecurity

• https://www.engadget.com/2015/02/26/fcc-net-neutrality/

• http://www.latimes.com/opinion/opinion-la/la-ol-icann-ted-cruz-20160923-snap-story.html

• http://www.cnn.com/2015/12/01/politics/donald-trump-nsa-surveillance/

• http://www.newsweek.com/trump-cybersecurity-internet-net-neutrality-518837

• https://www.engadget.com/2016/11/09/under-trump-the-future-of-net-neutrality-and-broadband-is-uncert/

• http://www.recode.net/2016/6/15/11949066/leaked-dnc-opposition-research-donald-trump

• http://www.politico.com/story/2016/09/donald-trump-ted-cruz-obama-internet-plan-228489

• https://www.donaldjtrump.com/policies/cyber-security/

• https://www.donaldjtrump.com/policies/national-defense/

• https://news.fastcompany.com/trumps-new-telecom-adviser-is-a-net-neutrality-foe-whose-studies-were-funded-by-verizon-4021470

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