Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / VP Product
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Jennifer Leggio
Chief Marketing Officer / VP Operations
Jennifer Leggio is responsible for Flashpoint’s marketing, customer acquisition, and operations. Ms. Leggio has more than 20 years of experience driving marketing, communications and go-to-market strategies in the cybersecurity industry. She’s previously held senior leadership roles at Digital Shadows, Cisco, Sourcefire, and Fortinet. She’s been a contributor to Forbes and ZDNet, and has spoken on the importance of coordinated disclosure at DEF CON and Hack in the Box, and on threat actor “publicity” trends at RSA Conference, Gartner Security Summit, and SXSW Interactive.
Chris Camacho
Chief Strategy Officer
Chris Camacho leads the company’s client engagement and development team, which includes customer success, business development, strategic integrations and the FPCollab sharing community. With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Rob Reznick
VP of Finance and Corporate Development
Rob Reznick leads the finance, accounting, and corporate development teams at Flashpoint. Rob previously served as Director of Finance & Accounting for 1010data (acquired by Advance/Newhouse), and Director of Finance for Financial Guard (acquired by Legg Mason) after prior work in forensic accounting and dispute consulting. Mr. Reznick is a Certified Public Accountant and holds an MBA and MAcc from the Fisher College of Business at the Ohio State University, and a BBA from the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.
Lance James
Chief Scientist / VP Engineering
Lance James is responsible for leading Flashpoint’s technology development. Prior to joining Flashpoint in 2015, he was the Head of Cyber Intelligence at Deloitte & Touche LLP. Mr. James has been an active member of the security community for over 20 years and enjoys working creatively together with technology teams to design and develop impactful solutions that disrupt online threats.
Brian Costello
SVP Global Sales and Solution Architecture
Brian Costello, a 20-year information technology and security solutions veteran, is responsible for leading the Global Sales, Solution Architecture, and Professional Services teams at Flashpoint. Throughout his career, Brian has successfully built security and cloud teams that have provided customers with innovative technology solutions, exceeded targets and consistently grown business year over year. Prior to Flashpoint, Brian led a global security and cloud vertical practice for Verizon. Brian also held senior leadership roles at Invincea, Risk Analytics and Cybertrust. Brian received his B.A. from George Mason University.
Tom Hofmann
VP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
VP, Client Engagement & Development
Jake Wells leads strategic integrations and information sharing as part of the client engagement & development team, which serves as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
VP Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.
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Aplicativos de Mensagens Criptografadas Facilitam o Cibercrime na América Latina

março 13, 2019

Enquanto os mercados de língua espanhola e portuguesa continuam a cair na Deep & Dark Web (DDW), os criminosos estão migrando cada vez mais para as plataformas criptografadas de serviços de bate-papo para comunicação e comércio.

Os mercados que operam nesses idiomas são escassos e estão sendo desativados devido às baixas vendas e/ou má gestão. Compradores e vendedores que contornavam os mercados e usavam fóruns clandestinos para se encontrar estavam finalizando as negociações ou se comunicando diretamente em vez de usar as plataformas criptografadas.

Embora isso seja um contraste gritante com as operadoras da Europa Oriental e da América do Norte que ainda negociam fortemente com a DDW, os criminosos da América Latina preferem a conveniência e os níveis relativamente altos de segurança de linha de base encontrados nos aplicativos de bate-papo criptografados. Parte disso deve-se a uma relativa falta de sofisticação tecnológica na região.

Razões Socioeconômicas para Escolher o Bate-papo em Vez da DDW

Para entender completamente a migração para os serviços de bate-papo, à medida que começa a substituir o papel da DDW na América Latina, é preciso considerar vários fatores. A rede móvel tem uma alta taxa de adoção na região, principalmente por causa dos custos relativamente baixos comparados aos computadores, por exemplo. A adoção regional de aplicativos móveis para a comunicação diária também é relativamente alta na região, assim como a disponibilidade e o tempo de atividade dos principais aplicativos.

Há também uma falta percebida de ações de aplicação da lei que afetam o cibercrime na região; o México, por exemplo, não possui leis formais sobre o cibercrime em seus códigos. Um  Artigo de 2017 do IDG Connect aponta que o México, a Argentina, o Chile, a Colômbia, o Paraguai e o Peru ainda não assinaram a Convenção de Budapeste sobre o Cibercrime, o primeiro tratado internacional sobre cibercrime, inaugurado em 2001. Apesar de realizar workshops e estabelecer CERTs na região, os países não confirmaram sua participação na convenção ou promulgaram suas próprias leis de cibercrime.

O mesmo vale um pouco para o Brasil, uma nação de língua portuguesa na América Latina. Apesar de uma economia emergente e investimentos pesados em tecnologia e conectividade, o Brasil também fez relativamente pouco para lidar com crimes cibernéticos nas vias da legislação.

Comunidades de Língua Portuguesa com Tendências Semelhantes

Por muitas das mesmas razões que outros países da América Latina, há também uma presença limitada de comunidades de língua portuguesa na DDW, muitas das quais também migraram para aplicativos de bate-papo criptografados para comunicação diária. O Brasil tem o maior uso diário global de plataformas de mensagens. Em outubro do ano passado, um dos poucos mercados de língua portuguesa da região foi desativado e, em um aviso aos usuários, informou que os clientes insistem em usar um aplicativo de bate-papo criptografado para negócios como uma grande razão para o desligamento.

Enquanto para criminosos existem inúmeras vantagens em usar o bate-papo criptografado para comunicação, esta não é uma plataforma ideal para o comércio. Diferentemente de mercados ou fóruns onde compradores em potencial podem ser controlados e as identidades são verificadas, os aplicativos de bate-papo não possuem o mesmo tipo de mecanismo. Além disso, não há carteiras de múltiplas assinaturas trazendo segurança adicional ao uso da criptomoeda nas transações; além disso, se criptomoedas forem usadas, não haverá nenhum tipo de criptomoeda disponível ou recomendada em um aplicativo de bate-papo. De fato, nas comunidades latino-americanas, a criptomoeda é geralmente secundária aos processadores de pagamento tradicionais, indicando ainda mais a falta de supervisão da aplicação da lei e a capacidade dos criminosos de escolher a conveniência em vez da segurança nesses casos. Por fim, muitos mercados também oferecem aos compradores e vendedores a capacidade de fornecer feedback ou recurso para experiências negativas, o que está faltando nos aplicativos de bate-papo.

Parece que os aplicativos de mensagens criptografadas atendem a dois propósitos dentro da comunidade latino-americana do cibercrime. Eles servem como canais de comunicação alternativos para complementar os fóruns da DDW e, em alguns casos, substituem inteiramente as comunicações da DDW. Vários agentes de ameaças optam por canais ou bate-papos que atendem a uma função semelhante de uma sala ou tópico, dentro de um fórum. Alguns participantes também optarão por compartilhar progressivamente anúncios em um canal de bate-papo, da mesma forma que um anunciante em um fórum ou mercado. Como resultado, essa migração para o bate-papo criptografado na América Latina parece continuar por enquanto, já que esses aplicativos de mensagens seguras continuam a suplantar os mercados da DDW nas regiões para criminosos que desejam finalizar transações.


Ian W. Gray

Senior Intelligence Analyst

Ian W. Gray is a Senior Intelligence Analyst at Flashpoint, where he focuses on producing strategic and business risk intelligence reports on emerging cybercrime and hacktivist threats. Ian is a military reservist with extensive knowledge of the maritime domain and regional expertise on the Middle East, Europe, and South America. As a Veteran Volunteer, Ian supports The Homefront Foundation, a non-profit that helps veterans and first responders share their experiences through focused story-telling workshops. His insights and commentary have been featured in publications including Wired, Christian Science Monitor Passcode, ThreatPost, TechTarget, The Washington Examiner, Cyberscoop, The Diplomat, and others. He holds a bachelor’s degree in Middle Eastern Studies from Fordham University and a Master of International Affairs degree from Columbia University.

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