Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / VP Product
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Jennifer Leggio
Chief Marketing Officer / VP Operations
Jennifer Leggio is responsible for Flashpoint’s marketing, customer acquisition, and operations. Ms. Leggio has more than 20 years of experience driving marketing, communications and go-to-market strategies in the cybersecurity industry. She’s previously held senior leadership roles at Digital Shadows, Cisco, Sourcefire, and Fortinet. She’s been a contributor to Forbes and ZDNet, and has spoken on the importance of coordinated disclosure at DEF CON and Hack in the Box, and on threat actor “publicity” trends at RSA Conference, Gartner Security Summit, and SXSW Interactive.
Chris Camacho
Chief Strategy Officer
Chris Camacho leads the company’s client engagement and development team, which includes customer success, business development, strategic integrations and the FPCollab sharing community. With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Rob Reznick
VP of Finance and Corporate Development
Rob Reznick leads the finance, accounting, and corporate development teams at Flashpoint. Rob previously served as Director of Finance & Accounting for 1010data (acquired by Advance/Newhouse), and Director of Finance for Financial Guard (acquired by Legg Mason) after prior work in forensic accounting and dispute consulting. Mr. Reznick is a Certified Public Accountant and holds an MBA and MAcc from the Fisher College of Business at the Ohio State University, and a BBA from the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.
Lance James
Chief Scientist / VP Engineering
Lance James is responsible for leading Flashpoint’s technology development. Prior to joining Flashpoint in 2015, he was the Head of Cyber Intelligence at Deloitte & Touche LLP. Mr. James has been an active member of the security community for over 20 years and enjoys working creatively together with technology teams to design and develop impactful solutions that disrupt online threats.
Brian Costello
SVP Global Sales and Solution Architecture
Brian Costello, a 20-year information technology and security solutions veteran, is responsible for leading the Global Sales, Solution Architecture, and Professional Services teams at Flashpoint. Throughout his career, Brian has successfully built security and cloud teams that have provided customers with innovative technology solutions, exceeded targets and consistently grown business year over year. Prior to Flashpoint, Brian led a global security and cloud vertical practice for Verizon. Brian also held senior leadership roles at Invincea, Risk Analytics and Cybertrust. Brian received his B.A. from George Mason University.
Tom Hofmann
VP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
VP, Client Engagement & Development
Jake Wells leads strategic integrations and information sharing as part of the client engagement & development team, which serves as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
VP Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.
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Aplicaciones de Mensajería Encriptada Facilitan el Cibercrimen en Latinoamérica

marzo 13, 2019

A medida que los mercados de habla hispana y portuguesa continúan cayendo de la Deep & Dark Web (DDW), los delincuentes están migrando cada vez más a plataformas de servicios de chat cifradas para la comunicación y el comercio.

Los mercados que operan en ambos idiomas han sido escasos y se han cerrado debido a las malas ventas y/o la gestión. Los compradores y vendedores que pasaron por alto los mercados y usaron foros clandestinos para reunirse, finalizaron negociaciones o se comunicaron directamente a través de plataformas cifradas.

Si bien este es un marcado contraste con los operadores en Europa del Este y Norte América que todavía operan con DDW, los delincuentes en América Latina prefieren la comodidad y los niveles relativamente altos de seguridad que se encuentran en las aplicaciones de chat cifradas. Esto se puede deber  a una relativa falta de sofisticación tecnológica dentro de la región.

Razones Socioeconómicas para Elegir Servicios de Chat en Vez de la DDW

Para comprender completamente la migración a los servicios de chat, ya que comienza a reemplazar el rol del DDW en Latinoamérica, se deben tener en cuenta varios factores. Las redes móviles tienen una alta tasa de adopción en la región, en gran parte debido a los costos relativamente bajos en comparación con las computadoras, por ejemplo. La adopción regional de aplicaciones móviles para la comunicación diaria también es alta en la región, al igual que la disponibilidad y el tiempo de actividad de las principales aplicaciones.

También se percibe una falta de medidas de aplicación de la ley que afectan a los delitos informáticos en la región; México, por ejemplo, no tiene leyes formales de delitos informáticos. El artículo de 2017 IDG Connect  señala que México, Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay y Perú aún no han firmado la Convención de Budapest sobre la ciberdelincuencia, el primer tratado internacional que aborda la ciberdelincuencia, inaugurado en 2001. A pesar de organizar talleres y establecer CERT en la región, los países no han ratificado su participación en la convención ni han promulgado sus propias leyes sobre delitos cibernéticos.

Lo mismo pasa en Brasil. A pesar de ser una economía emergente y una fuerte inversión en tecnología y conectividad, Brasil también ha realizado pocos esfuerzos para abordar la ciberdelincuencia a través de la legislación.

Comunidades de Habla Portugués con Tendencias Similares

Por muchas de las mismas razones que en otros países de América Latina, también hay una presencia limitada de comunidades de idioma portugués en la DDW, muchos de los cuales también han acudido a aplicaciones de chat cifradas para la comunicación diaria. Brasil tiene el mayor uso diario mundial de plataformas de mensajería. En octubre pasado, uno de los pocos mercados de habla portuguesa en la región cerró y en un aviso a sus usuarios, dijo que la insistencia de los clientes en usar una aplicación de chat encriptada para negocios es una razón importante para el cierre.

Mientras que para los delincuentes hay numerosas ventajas en el uso del chat encriptado para la comunicación, no es una plataforma ideal para el comercio. A diferencia de los mercados o foros donde los posibles compradores pueden ser examinados y verificadas las identidades, las aplicaciones de chat carecen del mismo tipo de mecanismo. Además, no hay carteras multisig que ofrezcan mayor seguridad al uso de la criptomoneda en las transacciones; además, si se utiliza la criptomoneda, no hay partes de la criptomoneda recomendadas o disponibles para una aplicación de chat. De hecho, en las comunidades latinoamericanas, la criptomoneda a menudo es secundaria a los procesadores de pagos tradicionales, lo que indica una falta de supervisión de la ley y la capacidad de los delincuentes para elegir la conveniencia sobre la seguridad en estos casos. Finalmente, muchos mercados también ofrecen a los compradores y vendedores la posibilidad de proporcionar comentarios o recurrir a experiencias negativas, lo que no existe en las aplicaciones de chat.

Parece que las aplicaciones de mensajería cifrada sirven dos propósitos dentro de la comunidad de delitos informáticos de América Latina. Sirven como canales de comunicación alternativos para complementar los foros de la DDW y, en algunos casos, reemplazan completamente las comunicaciones de la DDW. Múltiples actores criminales eligen tener canales o chats que cumplen una función similar a una sala o hilo dentro de un foro. Además, algunos actores elegirán compartir progresivamente los anuncios dentro de un canal de chat, de manera similar a como se publicaría en un foro o mercado. Como resultado, esta migración al chat encriptado en América Latina continuará por el momento, ya que estas aplicaciones de mensajería segura continúan reemplazando a los mercados de la DDW en las regiones para los delincuentes que desean finalizar las transacciones.


Ian W. Gray

Senior Intelligence Analyst

Ian W. Gray is a Senior Intelligence Analyst at Flashpoint, where he focuses on producing strategic and business risk intelligence reports on emerging cybercrime and hacktivist threats. Ian is a military reservist with extensive knowledge of the maritime domain and regional expertise on the Middle East, Europe, and South America. As a Veteran Volunteer, Ian supports The Homefront Foundation, a non-profit that helps veterans and first responders share their experiences through focused story-telling workshops. His insights and commentary have been featured in publications including Wired, Christian Science Monitor Passcode, ThreatPost, TechTarget, The Washington Examiner, Cyberscoop, The Diplomat, and others. He holds a bachelor’s degree in Middle Eastern Studies from Fordham University and a Master of International Affairs degree from Columbia University.

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