Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with the fastest, most comprehensive coverage of threatening activity on the internet. He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / Chief Product Officer
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Chris Camacho
Chief Revenue Officer
As Chief Revenue Officer, Chris Camacho leads the company’s global sales team, which includes solution architecture, business development, strategic integrations, partnerships, and revenue operations; he is also the architect of Flashpoint’s FPCollab sharing community. With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Donald Saelinger
Donald Saelinger is responsible for driving strategic and operational initiatives to accelerate Flashpoint’s growth and scale. In this role, Donald leads a broad portfolio including Marketing, Customer Success, Revenue Operations, Legal and related functions, and is focused on helping the company execute on a go-to-market approach that maximizes value to our customers. Prior to Flashpoint, Donald served as Chief Operating Officer and General Counsel of Endgame, Inc., an endpoint detection and response company acquired by Elastic N.V. in 2019, and where he led a range of teams focused on growth, scale, and legal and compliance matters. Donald also previously served as the General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer at Opower, Inc. (NYSE: OPWR), a global provider of SaaS solutions to electric and gas utilities that was acquired by Oracle, Inc. in 2016. Donald graduated from Columbia University in 2000 and received his JD from the Georgetown University Law Center in 2006.
Rob Reznick
SVP Finance and Corporate Development
Rob Reznick leads the finance, accounting, and corporate development teams at Flashpoint. Rob previously served as Director of Finance & Accounting for 1010data (acquired by Advance/Newhouse), and Director of Finance for Financial Guard (acquired by Legg Mason) after prior work in forensic accounting and dispute consulting. Mr. Reznick is a Certified Public Accountant and holds an MBA and MAcc from the Fisher College of Business at the Ohio State University, and a BBA from the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.
Tom Hofmann
SVP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
SVP Solutions Architecture
Jake Wells leads strategic integrations and information sharing as part of the client engagement & development team, which serves as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
SVP Strategy and Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.
Christina Cravens
SVP Marketing
Christina Cravens leads Flashpoint’s marketing organization and drives the company’s marketing strategy to achieve sustainable, profitable growth through go-to-market initiatives, strategic messaging, and brand awareness. Christina has more than 25 years of experience working for companies ranging from startups to Fortune 500. She’s led global marketing teams at five publicly traded technology companies. Before joining Flashpoint, Christina was CMO at ResMan, where she helped transform the company's identity and drive revenue growth. She holds a BS from James Madison University.
Justin Rogers
VP Revenue Operations
Justin Rogers leads the Revenue Operations team at Flashpoint, aligning sales, marketing, partnerships, customer success, and finance across vision, planning, process, and goals. He leverages over 15 years of experience in security, strategy, product design, and implementation to drive growth, provide an end-to-end view of the customer journey, and a seamless customer experience. Recently, Justin led Marketing for Centripetal, bringing the first Threat Intelligence Gateway to market. Previously, he managed operations of a Counter IED lab electronics forensics division while forward deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. Justin holds a BS in Electrical Engineering from the University of New Hampshire.
Peter Partyka
VP Engineering
Peter Partyka leads Flashpoint’s engineering teams. Peter previously worked in the quantitative hedge fund space in New York City, implementing security and administrative solutions around proprietary trading platforms, high-availability cloud deployments, and hardening of applications and infrastructure. Peter leverages more than 16 years of experience in technology specializing in application security, red-teaming, penetration testing, exploit development, as well as blue-teaming. Peter has a long track record of managing tech teams and implementing engineering security best practices. Recently Peter led Flashpoint toward GDPR and CCPA compliance and has been a key architect of Flashpoint’s robust compliance programs. Peter has taught advanced cybersecurity courses at New York University and consulted at various tech startups during his career.
Paul Farley
Paul Farley is responsible for the Asia-Pacific region of Flashpoint's international business, including Australia, Japan, and Singapore. In his role at Flashpoint, Paul is executing growth-oriented sales strategies across multiple countries and vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial. Paul has extensive experience leading regional sales for both pre-IPO growth businesses and large organizations such as RSA, EMC and DELL.
Steven Cooperman
VP Public Sector Sales
Steven Cooperman is responsible for Flashpoint’s strategy and sales growth of its public sector business. He also supports the development of a robust partner ecosystem for public sector business to deliver value added offerings and innovation focused to the mission of government. Steven has an established and diverse career in the Public Sector, holding leadership positions at a number of successful enterprise software companies and Federal System Integrators, including ServiceNow, HP, Oracle and Northrop Grumman. He holds an MA in Analytic Geography from the State University of New York - Binghamton, and received his BS in Geology from the State University - Oneonta.
Matthew Howell
VP Product
Matthew Howell leads the Product Management and Product Marketing teams for Flashpoint. He is responsible for developing a strong team that drives product adoption and user engagement through outcome based prioritization, continuous process improvement, and metrics driven development. Matthew brings a passion for diverse ideas, experience launching B2B SaaS products, building integration ecosystems, supporting five 9s SLAs, and leading distributed teams. He holds a bachelor’s degree in computer science from the University of Virginia
Glenn Lemons
Executive Director Strategic Accounts Engagement
Glenn Lemons is Executive Director, Strategic Accounts Engagement at Flashpoint. He previously served as the acting Director of Citigroup's Cyber Intelligence Center where he was responsible for analyzing and reacting to intelligence from a variety of threats. These threats ranged from fraudulent activity and attempting to defraud Citi's clients to supporting security operations for the firm's worldwide network presence. He has extensive experience working with multiple clients across the financial services, manufacturing, healthcare, and public sectors. Glenn also has more than 26 years of intelligence experience within the operational and support communities in the U.S. military and federal civilian service; seven of which focused on both defensive and offensive cyber operations. While working for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, he testified numerous times before U.S. Congressional committees and member requested open and closed sessions.
Steve Leightell
Steve started his career in Internet sales in the early 1990s and was always a top sales rep before transitioning to business development. By the early 2000s, he was the Director of Business Development at DWL, where he managed a team that built partnerships with Accenture, Oracle, Tata Consulting, Wipro, Cognizant and IBM. Steve designed the channel and strategy that ultimately culminated in the acquisition of DWL by IBM in 2005. He went on to lead a global team within IBM that was responsible for major system integrator partnerships. In 2008, he left IBM to found a niche consulting firm focused on business development for SaaS organizations. Steve holds a BA in anthropology and sociology from Carleton University in Ottawa.
Ellie Wheeler
Ellie Wheeler is a Partner at Greycroft and is based in the firm’s New York office. Prior to joining Greycroft, Ellie worked in a similar role evaluating investment opportunities at Lowercase Capital. Ellie also worked at Cisco in Corporate Development doing acquisitions, investments, and strategy within the unified communications, enterprise software, mobile, and video sectors. While at Cisco, she was involved in multiple acquisitions and investments, including PostPath, Jabber, Xobni, and Tandberg. She began her career in growth capital private equity at Summit Partners in Boston. Ellie graduated magna cum laude from Georgetown University with a BA in Psychology and holds an MBA from Harvard Business School.
Glenn McGonnigle
Glenn McGonnigle is a General Partner at TechOperators. Prior to launching TechOperators in 2008, Glenn was CEO of VistaScape Security Systems, a venture-backed provider of enterprise intelligent video surveillance software. He lead the company through its successful sale to Siemens Building Technologies. Previously, Glenn was a co-founder and senior executive of Atlanta-based Internet Security Systems (ISS) where he helped raise initial venture capital and launch the business. For 7 years, he led the business development team in developing sales channels and entering the managed security services market. During his tenure, the company grew from startup to revenues of over $225 million and was later acquired by IBM for $1.3 billion.
Brendan Hannigan
Brendan joined Polaris Partners in 2016 as an entrepreneur partner. In this role, he focuses on funding and founding companies in the technology sector with a concentration in cloud, analytics, and cybersecurity. Brendan is a co-founder of Sonrai Security and chairman of Twistlock, both Polaris investments. He also currently serves on the board of Bitsight Technologies and Flashpoint. A 25 year technology industry veteran, Brendan was most recently the general manager of IBM Security. Under Brendan’s leadership, IBM Security grew significantly faster than the overall security market to become the number one enterprise security provider in the world with almost $2B of annual revenue.
Matt Devost
Currently, Devost serves as CEO & Co-Founder of OODA LLC as well as a review board member for Black Hat. In 2010, he co-founded the cybersecurity consultancy FusionX LLC which was acquired by Accenture in August 2015, where he went on to lead Accenture's Global Cyber Defense practice. Devost also founded the Terrorism Research Center in 1996 where he served as President and CEO until November 2008 and held founding or leadership roles at iDefense, iSIGHT Partners, Total Intel, SDI, Tulco Holdings, and Technical Defense.
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U.S. Thieves Exploring ATM Jackpotting Attacks

Threat Intelligence Blog
May 29, 2018

In January, the Secret Service warned U.S. banks that a form of robbery known as ATM jackpotting, which had already proliferated across Europe, Asia, and Latin America since as early as 2009, had finally made its way to the U.S., with at least six attacks taking place within a single week.

The underlying factors contributing to the emergence of ATM jackpotting in the U.S. are not entirely clear. However, Flashpoint analysts believe U.S. companies’ ongoing adoption of the same EMV security standards that have made payment card fraud infeasible in other countries is driving threat actors to explore other types of crime. It also appears as though actors from other countries are bringing their tactics, techniques, and procedures to the U.S., or at least sharing them with U.S.-based threat actors, as evidenced by the use of Ploutus.D malware, which was first observed in Mexico in 2013.

ATM Jackpotting: An Overview

Also known as logical attacks, ATM jackpotting attacks are defined as manipulation of an ATM that causes it to eject cash, either by infecting it with malware or connecting it to an external device, referred to as a “black box,” which connects to the machine’s cash dispenser as a stand-in for the ATM’s CPU. If the ATM’s security controls are bypassed successfully, the black box can receive commands from another device, prompting the machine to dispense cash.

Flashpoint analysts observed very little chatter about black-box attacks that could possibly be linked to actors residing or operating in North America. However, in May 2017, Europol published a press release announcing the arrests of 27 individuals associated with black-box attacks across Europe, more specifically, Czech Republic, Estonia, France, the Netherlands, Romania, Spain, and Norway.

In Europe, the total number of ATM jackpotting attacks increased 231 percent from 58 incidents in 2016 to 192 in 2017. Flashpoint analysts believe ATM jackpotting is also widespread in parts of Asia and Latin America, but precise numbers are not available.

ATM jackpotting typically requires some form of physical connection to the targeted machine, typically through its USB port. In some cases, standalone ATM operators with lax security practices have been known to use generic ATM keys, which Flashpoint analysts have observed for sale on legitimate, open-web ecommerce sites. However, in most cases, threat actors must gain access to ATM ports through other means, such as drilling holes in, or melting, its plastic shell. Jackpotting crews have also been known to use endoscopes to reconnoiter the machine’s internal systems.

Numerous malware families available on DDW forums and marketplaces have been known to be utilized in jackpotting schemes, including the Ploutus malware family, which first appeared in 2013 but remains under active development, and Cutlet Maker, which Flashpoint analysts first observed for sale on DDW forums in June 2017.

A still from a video posted on a DDW forum, allegedly showing the insertion of a USB stick into an ATM as part of a malware injection jackpotting attack.
Image 1: A still from a video posted on a DDW forum, allegedly showing the insertion of a USB stick into an ATM as part of a malware injection jackpotting attack.
A still from a video on posted on a DDW marketplace, allegedly showing Cutlet Maker successfully running on an ATM.
Image 2: A still from a video on posted on a DDW marketplace, allegedly showing Cutlet Maker successfully running on an ATM.

The Role of the Deep & Dark Web

Flashpoint analysts have observed widespread discussion of ATM jackpotting attacks on the DDW, typically involving the use of malware such as Ploutus.D, Cutlet Maker, Ripper, and Tyupkin. Flashpoint analysts have also observed threat actors exchanging instructional guides on how to target specific types of machines using specific malware strains, thus lowering the barriers to entry for carrying out ATM jackpotting attacks among low-skill threat actors.

Cybercrime forums provide threat actors interested in ATM jackpotting with a platform to connect with other criminals and hatch schemes. For example, in March 2017, an actor on a Russian-language forum posted in English, claiming to have full USB access to a certain type of ATM and stating that they were seeking a partner with access to ATM malware.

These partnerships may transcend geographic boundaries, as evidenced by multiple posts on a Russian-language DDW forums seeking accomplices in a scheme targeting ATMs in Asia in mid-to-late 2017. The actors did not elaborate on the reasons for their focus on Asia or their avoidance of the U.S. However, Flashpoint analysts speculate that these actors are likely attempting to take advantage of the potentially lax security measures they expect to find in certain regions with less-developed cyber defenses. 

ATM Jackpotting Attack Execution

Flashpoint analysts believe criminals may leverage ATM technical support manuals not intended for public consumption that have been leaked online to obtain the specific information needed to plan a jackpotting attack.

According to one tutorial on an English-language DDW forum, the initial visit to a target ATM to inject malware or bypass security controls should only take two or three minutes, with a maximum duration of four minutes. In order to execute a technical attack in such a small window of time, jackpotting crews must proactively determine the ATM vulnerabilities they intend to exploit, as well as the location and means of getting to access points such as USB ports, often using a drill and/or endoscope. Jackpotting crews may also be able to determine when the ATM’s cash box is filled, as well as any daily limits for dispensing cash, in order to maximize the amount of cash they are able to steal.

Once they have selected a machine to target, ATM jackpotting crews—typically disguised as ATM technicians to evade suspicion—physically tamper with the ATM to either infect the it with malware or bypass its security controls and connect it to an external device.

Some ATM jackpotting crews prefer to execute their attacks in one visit, cashing out the machine immediately after injecting it with malware or connecting it to an external device. Others find a multi-visit approach to be more inconspicuous, deploying mules to retrieve the dispensed funds after the actors disguised as ATM technicians have finished servicing the machine. After the mules have carried out their heist, the “ATM technicians” return to the machine to return it to its pre-attack state and retrieve any hardware connected to the ATM.

Mitigation Measures

To combat ATM jackpotting, Diebold Nixdorf advises ATM operators to limit physical access to ATMs using appropriate locking mechanisms and two-factor authentication. ATM operators should also keep firmware updated with the latest security functionality, use secure encryption, and immediately investigate any suspicious activity.


Given the lucrative nature of ATM jackpotting attacks, Flashpoint analysts believe threat actors will continue to target standalone ATMs perceived to be outdated, unpatched, or otherwise vulnerable. Although there has been a recent wave of jackpotting attacks in the U.S., Flashpoint analysts do not believe the attacks will become as pervasive as they are in certain areas of Asia, Eastern Europe, and Latin America where outdated but still operational ATMs are more commonplace.

Ian W. Gray

Director of Intelligence, Americas

Ian W. Gray is the director of intelligence for the Americas unit of Flashpoint’s Global Intelligence Team. Ian actively researches and analyzes cybercriminal use of new and emerging technologies for malicious purposes in English and Portuguese-language communities. Additionally, he has been researching policy gaps that contribute to various forms of fraud, as well as the economic factors contributing to cybercrime. Ian is also an adjunct Professor at Fordham University’s Master of Cybersecurity Program.

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