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Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / VP Product
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Jennifer Leggio
Chief Marketing Officer / VP Operations
Jennifer Leggio is responsible for Flashpoint’s marketing, customer acquisition, and operations. Ms. Leggio has more than 20 years of experience driving marketing, communications and go-to-market strategies in the cybersecurity industry. She’s previously held senior leadership roles at Digital Shadows, Cisco, Sourcefire, and Fortinet. She’s been a contributor to Forbes and ZDNet, and has spoken on the importance of coordinated disclosure at DEF CON and Hack in the Box, and on threat actor “publicity” trends at RSA Conference, Gartner Security Summit, and SXSW Interactive.
Chris Camacho
Chief Strategy Officer
Chris Camacho leads the company’s client engagement and development team, which includes customer success, business development, strategic integrations and the FPCollab sharing community. With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Rob Reznick
VP of Finance and Corporate Development
Rob Reznick leads the finance, accounting, and corporate development teams at Flashpoint. Rob previously served as Director of Finance & Accounting for 1010data (acquired by Advance/Newhouse), and Director of Finance for Financial Guard (acquired by Legg Mason) after prior work in forensic accounting and dispute consulting. Mr. Reznick is a Certified Public Accountant and holds an MBA and MAcc from the Fisher College of Business at the Ohio State University, and a BBA from the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.
Lance James
Chief Scientist / VP Engineering
Lance James is responsible for leading Flashpoint’s technology development. Prior to joining Flashpoint in 2015, he was the Head of Cyber Intelligence at Deloitte & Touche LLP. Mr. James has been an active member of the security community for over 20 years and enjoys working creatively together with technology teams to design and develop impactful solutions that disrupt online threats.
Brian Costello
SVP Global Sales and Solution Architecture
Brian Costello, a 20-year information technology and security solutions veteran, is responsible for leading the Global Sales, Solution Architecture, and Professional Services teams at Flashpoint. Throughout his career, Brian has successfully built security and cloud teams that have provided customers with innovative technology solutions, exceeded targets and consistently grown business year over year. Prior to Flashpoint, Brian led a global security and cloud vertical practice for Verizon. Brian also held senior leadership roles at Invincea, Risk Analytics and Cybertrust. Brian received his B.A. from George Mason University.
Tom Hofmann
VP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
VP, Client Engagement & Development
Jake Wells leads strategic integrations and information sharing as part of the client engagement & development team, which serves as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
VP Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.
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Flashpoint Monitoring of Mirai Shows Attempted DDoS of Trump and Clinton Websites

Cybercrime
November 7, 2016

Key Takeaways

  • Between 16:20:43 UTC on November 6, 2016 and 8:19 UTC on November 7, 2016, Flashpoint observed four 30-second HTTP Layer 7 attacks targeting the campaign websites of presidential candidates Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton. There were no observed or reported outages for either of the sites.

 

  • Flashpoint assesses that unsophisticated actors are using the Mirai Internet of Things (IoT) botnet to target the candidates’ websites; analysts do not believe that the attacks were related to nation-state interference in the November 8, 2016 presidential election.  

 

  • Flashpoint assesses with moderate confidence that the Mirai botnet has been fractured into smaller, competing botnets due to the release of its source code, which has led to the proliferation of actors exploiting the botnet’s devices.

 

  • Flashpoint will continue to monitor the Mirai botnet for further developments.

 

Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks are once again a major concern after the recent record-breaking attacks against “Krebs on Security”, French ISP and hosting provider OVH, and Dyn DNS — the latter which resulted in sweeping, extended outages for many popular websites on the East Coast. Each of these attacks was perpetrated with a botnet comprising Internet of Things (IoT) devices compromised via Mirai malware. These vulnerable IoT devices include digital video recorders, webcams, and baby monitors.

In early October, the release of the Mirai malware within a well-known underground forum has effectively proliferated its use across the amateur hacker community. This release has caused many hackers to compete with one another for control of IoT devices that remain susceptible to Mirai malware. In order for these hackers to launch large-scale DDOS attacks successfully — such as those we’ve seen against Krebs, OVH, and Dyn — they will need to outperform competitors who are vying to control the same type of devices. Though not impossible, overcoming this competition is a considerable challenge and so far, the IoT botnet landscape appears to be saturated with too many would-be controllers and not enough new vulnerable devices. Due to these factors, the botnet’s fracturing has significantly lowered the impact, efficacy, and damage of subsequent attacks since the Mirai source code’s release and the attack on Dyn.

Short series of attacks exacerbates election day concerns

Recently, political figures, analysts, and media alike have been concerned over the potential for Mirai botnet DDoS attacks during the upcoming United States election day. Although these botnets may have grown smaller and less effective, many hackers continue to attempt to use them to gain attention, build credibility, and/or create disruption.

Indeed, Flashpoint has recently observed a short series of Mirai botnet DDoS attacks against websites associated with the Democratic and Republican nominees for president. On November 6, at 16:20:43, Flashpoint observed a 30 second HTTP Layer 7 attack against the website “secure[.]donaldjtrump[.]com”, Republican nominee Donald Trump’s campaign website.

The next day, Flashpoint observed a separate and distinct set of attacks against Donald Trump’s campaign website with renewed attacks on the domain at 8:13 UTC, 8:16 UTC, and 8:19 UTC. In this instance, hackers also targeted Hillary Clinton’s campaign website; the last attack at 8:19 UTC was against “hillaryclinton[.]com.” While each of these attacks appear to be distinct and powered by different groups, they were all perpetrated using Mirai-based botnets, all categorized as HTTP layer 7 attacks, and all lasted for 30 seconds.

At least one known hacker has claimed credit for the first set of attacks against Donald Trump’s campaign website, although this claim cannot be independently verified. Jono Gaukster (@omegadragon97) tweeted to Donald Trump’s twitter handle (@realDonaldTrump) just 30 minutes after the attack.

Image 1: Threat actor “Jono” (@omegadragon97) tweets at Donald Trump, stating their DDoS attack.
Image 1: Threat actor “Jono” (@omegadragon97) tweets at Donald Trump about DDoS attack

Electoral process infrastructure remains unaffected

So far, these DDoS attacks been limited to the nominees’ website infrastructure and have not targeted – nor affected – any infrastructure associated with the actual electoral process. Flashpoint assesses with high confidence that these attacks were not perpetrated by a state actor. This attack, in addition to other more powerful, higher-profile attacks associated with the Mirai botnet, all align closely with tactics, techniques, and procedures commonly executed by hackers operating from underground forums.

Though these attacks’ targets suggest political motivation, this may not be the case. Widespread concerns of DDoS attacks surrounding election day provide fertile ground for hackers operating from underground forums, as these hackers tend to be primarily motivated by the desire for attention, credibility, or “trolling” via disruption and chaos. This election season seems to be particularly contentious, and fears over foreign influence in the election have only raised anxieties surrounding election day.

While attacks against websites may cause minor challenges for the respective candidates’ campaign operations, they will not directly impact the final vote count in the presidential election on November 8. Flashpoint will continue to monitor the Mirai botnet for further developments.

Flashpoint Intelligence Brief

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