Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with the fastest, most comprehensive coverage of threatening activity on the internet. He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / Chief Product Officer
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Chris Camacho
Chief Revenue Officer
As Chief Revenue Officer, Chris Camacho leads the company’s global sales team, which includes solution architecture, business development, strategic integrations, partnerships, and revenue operations; he is also the architect of Flashpoint’s FPCollab sharing community. With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Donald Saelinger
Donald Saelinger is responsible for driving strategic and operational initiatives to accelerate Flashpoint’s growth and scale. In this role, Donald leads a broad portfolio including Marketing, Customer Success, Revenue Operations, Legal and related functions, and is focused on helping the company execute on a go-to-market approach that maximizes value to our customers. Prior to Flashpoint, Donald served as Chief Operating Officer and General Counsel of Endgame, Inc., an endpoint detection and response company acquired by Elastic N.V. in 2019, and where he led a range of teams focused on growth, scale, and legal and compliance matters. Donald also previously served as the General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer at Opower, Inc. (NYSE: OPWR), a global provider of SaaS solutions to electric and gas utilities that was acquired by Oracle, Inc. in 2016. Donald graduated from Columbia University in 2000 and received his JD from the Georgetown University Law Center in 2006.
Rob Reznick
SVP Finance and Corporate Development
Rob Reznick leads the finance, accounting, and corporate development teams at Flashpoint. Rob previously served as Director of Finance & Accounting for 1010data (acquired by Advance/Newhouse), and Director of Finance for Financial Guard (acquired by Legg Mason) after prior work in forensic accounting and dispute consulting. Mr. Reznick is a Certified Public Accountant and holds an MBA and MAcc from the Fisher College of Business at the Ohio State University, and a BBA from the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.
Tom Hofmann
SVP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
SVP Solutions Architecture
Jake Wells leads strategic integrations and information sharing as part of the client engagement & development team, which serves as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
SVP Strategy and Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.
Justin Rogers
VP Revenue Operations
Justin Rogers leads the Revenue Operations team at Flashpoint, aligning sales, marketing, partnerships, customer success, and finance across vision, planning, process, and goals. He leverages over 15 years of experience in security, strategy, product design, and implementation to drive growth, provide an end-to-end view of the customer journey, and a seamless customer experience. Recently, Justin led Marketing for Centripetal, bringing the first Threat Intelligence Gateway to market. Previously, he managed operations of a Counter IED lab electronics forensics division while forward deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. Justin holds a BS in Electrical Engineering from the University of New Hampshire.
Peter Partyka
VP Engineering
Peter Partyka leads Flashpoint’s engineering teams. Peter previously worked in the quantitative hedge fund space in New York City, implementing security and administrative solutions around proprietary trading platforms, high-availability cloud deployments, and hardening of applications and infrastructure. Peter leverages more than 16 years of experience in technology specializing in application security, red-teaming, penetration testing, exploit development, as well as blue-teaming. Peter has a long track record of managing tech teams and implementing engineering security best practices. Recently Peter led Flashpoint toward GDPR and CCPA compliance and has been a key architect of Flashpoint’s robust compliance programs. Peter has taught advanced cybersecurity courses at New York University and consulted at various tech startups during his career.
Paul Farley
Paul Farley is responsible for the Asia-Pacific region of Flashpoint's international business, including Australia, Japan, and Singapore. In his role at Flashpoint, Paul is executing growth-oriented sales strategies across multiple countries and vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial. Paul has extensive experience leading regional sales for both pre-IPO growth businesses and large organizations such as RSA, EMC and DELL.
Steven Cooperman
VP Public Sector Sales
Steven Cooperman is responsible for Flashpoint’s strategy and sales growth of its public sector business. He also supports the development of a robust partner ecosystem for public sector business to deliver value added offerings and innovation focused to the mission of government. Steven has an established and diverse career in the Public Sector, holding leadership positions at a number of successful enterprise software companies and Federal System Integrators, including ServiceNow, HP, Oracle and Northrop Grumman. He holds an MA in Analytic Geography from the State University of New York - Binghamton, and received his BS in Geology from the State University - Oneonta.
Matthew Howell
VP Product
Matthew Howell leads the Product Management and Product Marketing teams for Flashpoint. He is responsible for developing a strong team that drives product adoption and user engagement through outcome based prioritization, continuous process improvement, and metrics driven development. Matthew brings a passion for diverse ideas, experience launching B2B SaaS products, building integration ecosystems, supporting five 9s SLAs, and leading distributed teams. He holds a bachelor’s degree in computer science from the University of Virginia
Glenn Lemons
Executive Director Strategic Accounts Engagement
Glenn Lemons is Executive Director, Strategic Accounts Engagement at Flashpoint. He previously served as the acting Director of Citigroup's Cyber Intelligence Center where he was responsible for analyzing and reacting to intelligence from a variety of threats. These threats ranged from fraudulent activity and attempting to defraud Citi's clients to supporting security operations for the firm's worldwide network presence. He has extensive experience working with multiple clients across the financial services, manufacturing, healthcare, and public sectors. Glenn also has more than 26 years of intelligence experience within the operational and support communities in the U.S. military and federal civilian service; seven of which focused on both defensive and offensive cyber operations. While working for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, he testified numerous times before U.S. Congressional committees and member requested open and closed sessions.
Steve Leightell
Steve started his career in Internet sales in the early 1990s and was always a top sales rep before transitioning to business development. By the early 2000s, he was the Director of Business Development at DWL, where he managed a team that built partnerships with Accenture, Oracle, Tata Consulting, Wipro, Cognizant and IBM. Steve designed the channel and strategy that ultimately culminated in the acquisition of DWL by IBM in 2005. He went on to lead a global team within IBM that was responsible for major system integrator partnerships. In 2008, he left IBM to found a niche consulting firm focused on business development for SaaS organizations. Steve holds a BA in anthropology and sociology from Carleton University in Ottawa.
Ellie Wheeler
Ellie Wheeler is a Partner at Greycroft and is based in the firm’s New York office. Prior to joining Greycroft, Ellie worked in a similar role evaluating investment opportunities at Lowercase Capital. Ellie also worked at Cisco in Corporate Development doing acquisitions, investments, and strategy within the unified communications, enterprise software, mobile, and video sectors. While at Cisco, she was involved in multiple acquisitions and investments, including PostPath, Jabber, Xobni, and Tandberg. She began her career in growth capital private equity at Summit Partners in Boston. Ellie graduated magna cum laude from Georgetown University with a BA in Psychology and holds an MBA from Harvard Business School.
Glenn McGonnigle
Glenn McGonnigle is a General Partner at TechOperators. Prior to launching TechOperators in 2008, Glenn was CEO of VistaScape Security Systems, a venture-backed provider of enterprise intelligent video surveillance software. He lead the company through its successful sale to Siemens Building Technologies. Previously, Glenn was a co-founder and senior executive of Atlanta-based Internet Security Systems (ISS) where he helped raise initial venture capital and launch the business. For 7 years, he led the business development team in developing sales channels and entering the managed security services market. During his tenure, the company grew from startup to revenues of over $225 million and was later acquired by IBM for $1.3 billion.
Brendan Hannigan
Brendan joined Polaris Partners in 2016 as an entrepreneur partner. In this role, he focuses on funding and founding companies in the technology sector with a concentration in cloud, analytics, and cybersecurity. Brendan is a co-founder of Sonrai Security and chairman of Twistlock, both Polaris investments. He also currently serves on the board of Bitsight Technologies and Flashpoint. A 25 year technology industry veteran, Brendan was most recently the general manager of IBM Security. Under Brendan’s leadership, IBM Security grew significantly faster than the overall security market to become the number one enterprise security provider in the world with almost $2B of annual revenue.
Matt Devost
Currently, Devost serves as CEO & Co-Founder of OODA LLC as well as a review board member for Black Hat. In 2010, he co-founded the cybersecurity consultancy FusionX LLC which was acquired by Accenture in August 2015, where he went on to lead Accenture's Global Cyber Defense practice. Devost also founded the Terrorism Research Center in 1996 where he served as President and CEO until November 2008 and held founding or leadership roles at iDefense, iSIGHT Partners, Total Intel, SDI, Tulco Holdings, and Technical Defense.

This Is What COVID Fraud Looks Like

September 21, 2021

COVID Fraud Timeline: Tests, Treatments, and Vaccines

Over the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, threat actors have leveraged fear, uncertainty, and doubt to turn a profit. Their fraud schemes target government relief funding; they advertise fake treatments or cures; and, lately, they buy, sell, and trade fake (negative) test results or proof of vaccination. 

In late 2020, prior to the release of a successful vaccine, most chatter about fake documentation on illicit forums was related to the falsification of test results. 

Flashpoint analysts also observed some chatter, particularly within online conspiracy theory communities, about the inevitability of worldwide vaccine requirements and health passports, as well as speculation about how to obtain fake vaccination cards, thereby resisting forthcoming vaccinations.

Below is a screenshot from Dread, an underground social news and discussion website, about a method to falsify test results.


  • When the vaccine rollout began in many countries in early 2021, chatter about fraudulent documentation associated with COVID-19 testing increased. Around this time, threat actors were buying, selling, and trading tips on how to best falsify vaccination documentation. Flashpoint analysts have already observed instances where threat actors share: vaccine card templates; tips on how to obtain legitimate details—including PII, dosage info (lot numbers, e.g.), vaccine dates, site, and type—to put on vaccine cards; and claims of insider access to obtain legitimate vaccination record details to repurpose on forged cards

Examples of COVID Fraud

Flashpoint analysts identified numerous occasions where actors also shared links to templates on websites hosted by state-run departments of health, which were freely accessible and able to be downloaded and manipulated.  

Although threat actors did not always express specific reasons as to why they were seeking falsified documentation, Flashpoint analysts note that many of these conversations occurred in communities dedicated to far-right conspiracy theories and domestic extremism, particularly on Telegram, an encrypted messaging service.

Below is an image of a link to a COVID-19 vaccination card template hosted on Wyoming’s Department of Health website that was shared in a Telegram community, along with instructions for how to fill it out with fake information.  


An English-speaking threat actor on Dread created a thread where they asked other users how to obtain a falsified negative COVID-19 test, which they need due to current travel requirements. 

A separate threat actor replied that the user should private message them, because they have access to a template that they used to create a positive COVID-19 test. They claimed to have used this template for five months to get off of parole and avoid drug testing and check-in requirements—and that they have successfully created fictitious test results for other friends as well.  

Related Reading: Counterfeit COVID Vaccine Card Market Takes Hold in the U.S. and Europe

An English-speaking threat actor posted that they were looking for someone to manufacture a forged negative COVID-19 test. They explained that they had planned to travel to a state requiring a negative test, but did not have time to legitimately obtain a negative test. They offered to provide an old negative test of theirs to someone who may be willing to alter the dates to reflect a date within the needed time frame.  

In the spring and summer of 2021, some organizations returned to in-person operations along with governments, which similarly relaxed foreign travel and border restrictions. During that time, some threat actors specifically advertised or sought out falsified documents (including false negative tests or fake proof of vaccination) to facilitate travel or to provide proof to their employer. Flashpoint analysts observed buying and selling of vaccine cards in a variety of countries and languages.  

An English-speaking threat actor operating on Telegram channel advertised their service selling forged COVID vaccination cards that they claim are fully registered online.

An English-speaking vendor posted on a dark web marketplace that they were selling a “full Irish vaccine passport.” In the description, they noted that this offering included notations for two vaccine doses, including batch numbers, although they did not indicate which vaccine would be indicated on the document. They also claimed that this would allow buyers to travel without taking COVID tests.

An English-speaking threat actor posted on Telegram advertising their services producing forged vaccine certificates, cards, and passports. The threat actor claimed that their documents allowed users to travel anywhere they wanted to, and included an image of a forged vaccine card from the UK. 

Related Reading: Cybercriminals Salivating over Access to New Coronavirus Stimulus Funds

A French-speaking threat actor initiated a thread on Dread where they were seeking to acquire a French COVID vaccination passport or equivalent documentation. 

An English-speaking vendor posted an advertisement on a dark web marketplace for a National Health Service (NHS) vaccine card for US$25. They indicated in the advertisement that they were willing to ship worldwide, and that they could provide both blank and “registered” cards (which likely contain vaccination record details). 

On July 16, a Chinese-speaking threat actor posted on a Telegram channel where they advertised the sale of forged vaccination cards for various cities in the Philippines.

Although implementation of electronic vaccine cards is limited (particularly for individuals traveling to foreign countries), Flashpoint analysts have observed some threat actors seeking to circumvent security controls in their home countries where electronic vaccination and contact tracing databases are used. 

An actor on Dread wrote a post asking for help submitting false information to the NHS databases claiming they had been vaccinated. They were also interested in buying a forged UK vaccine passport. 

Another actor on Dread expressed opposition to databases containing personally identifiable information linked to vaccination records, and solicited advice for how to falsify QR codes generated to verify vaccination status on CoronaCheckApp, used in the Netherlands.


  • An actor posted in a Telegram channel with an image of a reference form from the NHS verifying COVID vaccination status. They claimed in a follow-up post that they had a JPEG file for the document that they were willing to share and also claimed to have an EU vaccination certificate template they could share as well. The threat actor claimed that the NHS form is currently the “holy grail” for individuals seeking to travel. 


  • In a German-language Telegram channel, a threat actor advertised the sale of proof of vaccination along with a corresponding QR code. The threat actor noted that they were expressly selling these to individuals who did not want to get vaccinated but wanted to have proof of vaccination.


  • Another threat actor operating on Telegram attempted to appeal to individuals who believe the vaccine is unsafe in their advertisement. They claimed to be able to sell vaccination records and accompanying QR codes to individuals who needed to provide proof of vaccination. 


As governments and private sector firms are adding additional requirements for COVID-19 vaccination status, actors are likely to continue looking to illicit sources to acquire fake documentation to avoid obtaining a vaccine. Threat actors may also continue to find ways to acquire falsified test results since in many cases that remains an alternative to providing proof of vaccination status. 

Related Reading: COVID-Related Cybercrime Swells in 2021: Stimulus Fraud, Vaccine Scams, and Disinformation All Front and Center

Additionally, analysts anticipate that governments and private sector companies will continue to evaluate and implement electronic solutions for customers and citizens to provide proof of vaccination. As a result, threat actors across illicit communities are likely to increasingly discuss methods to defeat those security controls and falsify documentation due to privacy concerns or anti-vaxx positions.

The Impact of COVID Fraud

The black market for fraudulent proof of vaccination could have a significant impact on public health. When individuals illegally misrepresent their health status with forged documentation, they may contribute to the continued spread of COVID-19 and its variants, thereby prolonging the pandemic’s grip on societies worldwide. 

Additionally, as employers implement vaccination requirements, threat actors seeking to use falsified documentation may attempt to use fake records to satisfy employer rules, introducing additional risks to organizations seeking to return to in-person operations. The demand for forged vaccination documentation may also represent an appeal for rogue insiders to exploit privileged access to vaccination patient information for malicious purposes. 

Related Reading: Considerations for Updating Near-Term Intelligence Requirements in Response to COVID-19

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