Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / VP Product
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Jennifer Leggio
Chief Marketing Officer / VP Operations
Jennifer Leggio is responsible for Flashpoint’s marketing, customer acquisition, and operations. Ms. Leggio has more than 20 years of experience driving marketing, communications and go-to-market strategies in the cybersecurity industry. She’s previously held senior leadership roles at Digital Shadows, Cisco, Sourcefire, and Fortinet. She’s been a contributor to Forbes and ZDNet, and has spoken on the importance of coordinated disclosure at DEF CON and Hack in the Box, and on threat actor “publicity” trends at RSA Conference, Gartner Security Summit, and SXSW Interactive.
Chris Camacho
Chief Strategy Officer
Chris Camacho leads the company’s client engagement and development team, which includes customer success, business development, strategic integrations and the FPCollab sharing community. With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Rob Reznick
VP of Finance and Corporate Development
Rob Reznick leads the finance, accounting, and corporate development teams at Flashpoint. Rob previously served as Director of Finance & Accounting for 1010data (acquired by Advance/Newhouse), and Director of Finance for Financial Guard (acquired by Legg Mason) after prior work in forensic accounting and dispute consulting. Mr. Reznick is a Certified Public Accountant and holds an MBA and MAcc from the Fisher College of Business at the Ohio State University, and a BBA from the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.
Lance James
Chief Scientist / VP Engineering
Lance James is responsible for leading Flashpoint’s technology development. Prior to joining Flashpoint in 2015, he was the Head of Cyber Intelligence at Deloitte & Touche LLP. Mr. James has been an active member of the security community for over 20 years and enjoys working creatively together with technology teams to design and develop impactful solutions that disrupt online threats.
Brian Costello
SVP Global Sales and Solution Architecture
Brian Costello, a 20-year information technology and security solutions veteran, is responsible for leading the Global Sales, Solution Architecture, and Professional Services teams at Flashpoint. Throughout his career, Brian has successfully built security and cloud teams that have provided customers with innovative technology solutions, exceeded targets and consistently grown business year over year. Prior to Flashpoint, Brian led a global security and cloud vertical practice for Verizon. Brian also held senior leadership roles at Invincea, Risk Analytics and Cybertrust. Brian received his B.A. from George Mason University.
Tom Hofmann
VP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
VP, Client Engagement & Development
Jake Wells leads strategic integrations and information sharing as part of the client engagement & development team, which serves as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
VP Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.
image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
Download Forrester’s Guide to Paying Ransomware Report Now

The Deep Implications of Dark Web Takedowns

May 21, 2019

By Ian W. Gray

The dark web is known for volatility, but within the past month, several planned shutdowns, exit scams, law enforcement takedowns, extortion attempts, and distributed denial-of-service attacks may have potentially changed the methods and venues by which cybercriminals conduct illicit activity.

It is premature to accurately assess the long-term impact of prolonged dark web marketplace unavailability. It is likely threat actors will change their behavior in terms of the markets they visit, and the tools they use to access new markets. Since 2017, more sophisticated cybercriminal operations began using blockchain DNS to host web shops. Encrypted chat communication applications have also been growing in popularity, as they provide security by default and are more convenient than Tor or other alternatives. They can also work as a gateway for less sophisticated cybercriminals in countries with less developed internet infrastructure to buy, sell, or trade hacked accounts, and credit card information.

Law enforcement takedowns provide some insights into threat actor activity, including changes in tactics, techniques, and procedures over time. Following the major dark web takedowns of Silk Road (2013), and AlphaBay and Hansa (2017), cybercriminals began to introduce new technologies, such as privacy-focused cryptocurrencies such as Monero, or multi-signature wallets. While law enforcement has temporarily abated cybercrime on the dark web, it is unclear what new technologies or methods cybercriminals will use to recover their illicit online businesses, and in what format this new venue will appear.

New venues for cybercrime on the dark web often depend upon security and privacy, but also the availability of the market, and convenience. For example, after AlphaBay’s takedown, Dream Market became one of the most popular dark web marketplaces in terms of users and listings. Dream Market was online prior to AlphaBay, and was not favored by most threat actors until AlphaBay was taken down. The prevailing circumstances of the dark web made Dream Market appear a suitable substitute because of its availability, and listings.

Empire Market, which imitates many of the usability features of AlphaBay, has not yet acquired the user base or volume of AlphaBay despite offering a very similar user experience. On March 26, Dream Market announced it planned to shut down on April 30, and transfer its operations to a partner service with a new infrastructure in August. Its user base migrated to Wall Street Market, the second most popular marketplace, which promptly attempted an exit scam and was seized by an international law enforcement operation. In the absence of Dream or AlphaBay, Empire Market may now have the opportunity to raise to the scale of AlphaBay, if it can avoid eventual shutdown, or the competition of new market entrants.

Finding new marketplaces may be a little difficult for new customers intrigued by the reports of dark web takedowns. The dark web does not have any search engines that are comparable to Google, however several open source and .onion sites operated as gateways by serving links to the top markets in exchange for referral bonuses, profiting from the sale of illegal narcotics and digital goods.

On May 8, the Department of Justice announced that DeepDotWeb, a centralized information source for dark web activity, was taken down. One day later, a similar site called Dark Web News, went offline on its own volition. These takedowns and shutdowns crippled the infrastructure, and changed the way that cybercriminals interact with the dark web.

While law enforcement has been a principal factor in the changing landscape, cybercriminals have also contributed to this volatility. Over the past month, a user has been extorting marketplace admins, and exploiting a Tor vulnerability to serve distributed denial-of-service attacks. The extortionist has also taken down centralized dark web message boards that are used to share information about vendors, marketplaces, and best practices. The administrators, while fighting to maintain uptime, are feverishly sharing mirrors, which are sites that contain nearly identical information but are hosted on different URLs, to the existing marketplaces. These marketplaces, including Empire Market, are also struggling to maintain uptime in light of increasing DDoS attacks. These fluctuations beg the question: What will be the next top dark web marketplace?

The dark web continues to reel from the latest shocks, as several other sites related to infrastructure, markets, and shops shut down on their own volition, or are threatened by external forces. The dark web has previously been known for its elasticity by rapidly recovering from major takedowns and arrests with new markets, new customers, and newer technology. However, the current threats to the dark web ecosystem question its long-term viability for fraud.

As cybercriminals are continually prevented from dark web activity from internal and external forces, it becomes more likely that newer technology, such as encrypted chat applications, or blockchain DNS, may become suitable substitutes. While they currently lack the ability to provide secure payments or repudiation, the disappearance of the dark web markets may compel cybercriminals to attempt starting new venues or using new technologies—or get arrested trying.


Ian W. Gray

Senior Intelligence Analyst

Ian W. Gray is a Senior Intelligence Analyst at Flashpoint, where he focuses on producing strategic and business risk intelligence reports on emerging cybercrime and hacktivist threats. Ian is a military reservist with extensive knowledge of the maritime domain and regional expertise on the Middle East, Europe, and South America. As a Veteran Volunteer, Ian supports The Homefront Foundation, a non-profit that helps veterans and first responders share their experiences through focused story-telling workshops. His insights and commentary have been featured in publications including Wired, Christian Science Monitor Passcode, ThreatPost, TechTarget, The Washington Examiner, Cyberscoop, The Diplomat, and others. He holds a bachelor’s degree in Middle Eastern Studies from Fordham University and a Master of International Affairs degree from Columbia University.

Flashpoint Intelligence Brief

Subscribe to our newsletter to stay up-to-date on our latest research, news, and events