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Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / VP Product
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Jennifer Leggio
Chief Marketing Officer / VP Operations
Jennifer Leggio is responsible for Flashpoint’s marketing, customer acquisition, and operations. Ms. Leggio has more than 20 years of experience driving marketing, communications and go-to-market strategies in the cybersecurity industry. She’s previously held senior leadership roles at Digital Shadows, Cisco, Sourcefire, and Fortinet. She’s been a contributor to Forbes and ZDNet, and has spoken on the importance of coordinated disclosure at DEF CON and Hack in the Box, and on threat actor “publicity” trends at RSA Conference, Gartner Security Summit, and SXSW Interactive.
Chris Camacho
Chief Strategy Officer
Chris Camacho leads the company’s client engagement and development team, which includes customer success, business development, strategic integrations and the FPCollab sharing community. With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Rob Reznick
VP of Finance and Corporate Development
Rob Reznick leads the finance, accounting, and corporate development teams at Flashpoint. Rob previously served as Director of Finance & Accounting for 1010data (acquired by Advance/Newhouse), and Director of Finance for Financial Guard (acquired by Legg Mason) after prior work in forensic accounting and dispute consulting. Mr. Reznick is a Certified Public Accountant and holds an MBA and MAcc from the Fisher College of Business at the Ohio State University, and a BBA from the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.
Lance James
Chief Scientist / VP Engineering
Lance James is responsible for leading Flashpoint’s technology development. Prior to joining Flashpoint in 2015, he was the Head of Cyber Intelligence at Deloitte & Touche LLP. Mr. James has been an active member of the security community for over 20 years and enjoys working creatively together with technology teams to design and develop impactful solutions that disrupt online threats.
Brian Costello
SVP Global Sales and Solution Architecture
Brian Costello, a 20-year information technology and security solutions veteran, is responsible for leading the Global Sales, Solution Architecture, and Professional Services teams at Flashpoint. Throughout his career, Brian has successfully built security and cloud teams that have provided customers with innovative technology solutions, exceeded targets and consistently grown business year over year. Prior to Flashpoint, Brian led a global security and cloud vertical practice for Verizon. Brian also held senior leadership roles at Invincea, Risk Analytics and Cybertrust. Brian received his B.A. from George Mason University.
Tom Hofmann
VP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
VP, Client Engagement & Development
Jake Wells leads strategic integrations and information sharing as part of the client engagement & development team, which serves as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
VP Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.
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Steve Leightell
Steve started his career in Internet sales in the early 1990s and was always a top sales rep before transitioning to business development. By the early 2000s, he was the Director of Business Development at DWL, where he managed a team that built partnerships with Accenture, Oracle, Tata Consulting, Wipro, Cognizant and IBM. Steve designed the channel and strategy that ultimately culminated in the acquisition of DWL by IBM in 2005. He went on to lead a global team within IBM that was responsible for major system integrator partnerships. In 2008, he left IBM to found a niche consulting firm focused on business development for SaaS organizations. Steve holds a BA in anthropology and sociology from Carleton University in Ottawa.
Ellie Wheeler
Ellie Wheeler is a Partner at Greycroft and is based in the firm’s New York office. Prior to joining Greycroft, Ellie worked in a similar role evaluating investment opportunities at Lowercase Capital. Ellie also worked at Cisco in Corporate Development doing acquisitions, investments, and strategy within the unified communications, enterprise software, mobile, and video sectors. While at Cisco, she was involved in multiple acquisitions and investments, including PostPath, Jabber, Xobni, and Tandberg. She began her career in growth capital private equity at Summit Partners in Boston. Ellie graduated magna cum laude from Georgetown University with a BA in Psychology and holds an MBA from Harvard Business School.
Glenn McGonnigle
Glenn McGonnigle is a General Partner at TechOperators. Prior to launching TechOperators in 2008, Glenn was CEO of VistaScape Security Systems, a venture-backed provider of enterprise intelligent video surveillance software. He lead the company through its successful sale to Siemens Building Technologies. Previously, Glenn was a co-founder and senior executive of Atlanta-based Internet Security Systems (ISS) where he helped raise initial venture capital and launch the business. For 7 years, he led the business development team in developing sales channels and entering the managed security services market. During his tenure, the company grew from startup to revenues of over $225 million and was later acquired by IBM for $1.3 billion.
Peter George
Peter George has an established track record of building companies that deliver sustained growth and profits and in identifying critical worldwide partnership opportunities that strategically expand market share. Prior to becoming President and CEO of Fidelis Security Systems in 2008, Mr. George spent the last seven years as President and CEO of Crossbeam Systems, the market leader in the high-end segment of the Unified Threat Management market, where he took the company from being a pre-revenue start-up to over $50 million in revenue. Previously, he was President of Nortel Networks Enterprise Business in Europe, Middle-East, and Africa, responsible for managing more than 5,000 employees and $2 billion in revenue. Mr. George came to Nortel via their 1998 acquisition of Bay Networks where he was serving as vice president of European operations. During his tenure at Wellfleet and Bay, he played key sales executive roles in New England and in Europe. Prior to joining Wellfleet, Mr. George served as the Northeast regional manager and GM of Canada at 3Com Corporation, and also held senior management positions at Ungerman Bass. He received his BA from the College of the Holy Cross, and has done graduate studies at Harvard and Oxford University.
Brendan Hannigan
Brendan joined Polaris Partners in 2016 as an entrepreneur partner. In this role, he focuses on funding and founding companies in the technology sector with a concentration in cloud, analytics, and cybersecurity. Brendan is a co-founder of Sonrai Security and chairman of Twistlock, both Polaris investments. He also currently serves on the board of Bitsight Technologies and Flashpoint. A 25 year technology industry veteran, Brendan was most recently the general manager of IBM Security. Under Brendan’s leadership, IBM Security grew significantly faster than the overall security market to become the number one enterprise security provider in the world with almost $2B of annual revenue.
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Jihadists and Vault 7: What it Means for the Rest of Us

Blog
April 17, 2017

The so-called Vault 7 files released by Wikileaks that describe the Central Intelligence Agency’s electronic surveillance and cyber warfare capabilities continue to attract a significant amount of attention. In addition to the numerous reports and news stories about the leaks and associated consequences, some researchers have even gone so far as to draw connections between certain tools contained within the Vault 7 dump and cyber activity targeting countries around the world. Stripping away the rhetoric, fanfare, and hype, however, reveals one community to whom the Vault 7 revelations are particularly important: the jihadist community.

Jihadists and Technology

Although jihadists’ use of technology has been a salient topic of discussion for more than 15 years, several relatively recent events have forced the discussion into the national spotlight — primarily in the context of the “encryption debate.” The most prominent of these events was the San Bernardino shooting and subsequent fallout, which resulted in a judicial battle between the Justice Department and Apple over the FBI’s request to gain access to one of the shooters’ encrypted mobile phones. More recently, members of the United Kingdom government have called upon companies that produce encrypted services to provide government access. This contentious request followed the March 22, 2017, attack in Westminster, the investigation into which revealed that the attacker had sent messages via WhatsApp moments before the attack. As the global community continues to struggle with the balance between security and privacy, examining the jihadist community’s response to the issue provides further insight into what the Vault 7 revelations could mean for companies.

As one might expect, Vault 7 has elicited noteworthy reactions among jihadists operating on the Deep & Dark Web — the difficult-to-access regions of the Internet where many jihadists seek refuge from the prying eyes of law enforcement and intelligence agencies. In one top-tier ISIS web forum, a member posted the following comment:

“Wikileaks: The American Central Intelligence Agency, CIA, hacked most popular apps and monitor any person they want, and that includes Telegram + WhatsApp”

In response, another member exclaimed:

“All emails, communications apps, and websites can be hacked by Western security services.”

In another instance, members of a group chat on Telegram ask one another whether the platform is safe to use, given that the CIA can spy on it.

It is important to note that most reactions from jihadists on the Deep & Dark Web suggest that their general understanding both of the leaks and of the full extent to which the leaks could impact their community is largely superficial and uncertain. To date, only one actor has distributed a response that demonstrates a more nuanced understanding of Vault 7 and its impact on the jihadist community.

“Horizons” and Vault 7

Horizons is a pro-ISIS information security group that regularly publishes detailed, step-by-step guides to computers, smartphones, and recommended applications. On April 10, the Horizons Telegram channel published a document in Arabic, titled, “10 Things You Must Know about the Wikileaks Leak of CIA Documents.” While the document does not reveal anything new about the leaks themselves, it does provide some insight into the specific impact on the jihadist community and how the author seeks to mitigate the reaction.

The ten topic areas, each of which was accompanied by more in-depth analysis, are as follows:

1. WikiLeaks disclosed CIA secrets for hacking [mobile] phones

2. The CIA did not break the encryption of apps, rather they bypassed the encryption

3. The CIA developed malware that targets Windows, Linux, and Mac OS

4. The CIA borrowed code from samples of publicly available malware

5. The CIA used applications infected with malware to spy on [its] targets

6. The CIA is desperate to hack Apple encryption

7. Apple said that it has fixed many of the vulnerabilities that were disclosed by the CIA leaks

8. Hacking any person anywhere thanks to the Internet being insecure

9. WikiLeaks CIA leaks are not bigger than Snowden’s NSA leaks

10. The former head of the CIA says that WikiLeaks’ file made the United States less safe

Along with recommending specific applications for use by jihadists, the Horizons group seeks to raise awareness of information security and digital hygiene among its followers. Providing a detailed explanation of how the Vault 7 leaks impact these actors is of particular importance for the group, because it seeks to reinforce confidence in the underlying technologies. The explanations provided under the second, third, and fifth bullets are especially important for these actors. Not only does this information address some of the most crucial components to jihadists’ attempts at obfuscating their identities and activity on the Internet, it reinforces their awareness of a common attack vector. Encryption, VPNs, and Tor all fall into the former category, while the distribution of malware — including infected copies of popular apps and propaganda materials — fall into the latter.

Impact on the Jihadist Community

Telegram and WhatsApp are among the encrypted communication services that have been promoted by Horizons and other jihadist groups, particularly because they offer end-to-end encryption. Although the Vault 7 documents describe these two apps as vulnerable to endpoint exploitation – a flaw that would allow an attacker to access the communications either before they are encrypted or after they have been received and decrypted – Telegram and WhatsApp are not the primary applications promoted by Horizons for direct communication. While many jihadists frequently use these platforms for media distribution and group chats, they often warn one another to avoid disclosing sensitive information due to both platforms’ susceptibility to third-party monitoring. Consequently, Horizons has placed heavier emphasis on applications such as Conversations and Pidgin for direct communications, which are not included among the Vault 7 list of vulnerable applications.

In addition, it is common for members of the jihadist community to be targeted with infected files and programs. Recent examples include counterfeit issues of ISIS’s Rumiyah magazine, the most recent of which circulated at the beginning of April 2017, days before the official release. Additionally, in March 2017, the website of the pro-ISIS media unit A’maq served an Adobe Flash update infected with a Trojan to visitors. Warnings to obtain files and software only from official sources are commonplace among jihadists in order to mitigate this threat to the community. Horizons’s emphasis on specific applications that are known to have been targeted for malware infection serves to raise awareness around those applications that might enable spying against the community, as well as to reinforce the practice of placing trust only in official sources.

Conclusion

Ultimately, by looking at the Vault 7 leaks through the jihadist lens, we can derive several key lessons. First, the encryption debate is not likely to be solved anytime soon. Jihadists and their supporters depend on the Internet and connected technologies for communicating with one another, recruiting followers, distributing news and announcements, and disseminating propaganda. Furthermore, as popular social media platforms take more proactive stances toward removing extremist content and suspending associated accounts, encrypted technologies create spaces within which jihadists and sympathizers can hide.

Although the vulnerabilities exposed by the Vault 7 leaks have undoubtedly caused some members of the jihadist community to question the safety and rationality of many technologies on which they have come to rely, such technologies will likely remain popular among jihadists. Even as the endpoints on which they reside provide the greatest avenue for exploitation, jihadists are still likely to consider encrypted technologies to be their best means of communicating securely.

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