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Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / VP Product
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Jennifer Leggio
Chief Marketing Officer
Jennifer Leggio is responsible for Flashpoint’s marketing, customer acquisition, and operations. Ms. Leggio has more than 20 years of experience driving marketing, communications and go-to-market strategies in the cybersecurity industry. She’s previously held senior leadership roles at Digital Shadows, Cisco, Sourcefire, and Fortinet. She’s been a contributor to Forbes and ZDNet, and has spoken on the importance of coordinated disclosure at DEF CON and Hack in the Box, and on threat actor “publicity” trends at RSA Conference, Gartner Security Summit, and SXSW Interactive.
Chris Camacho
Chief Strategy Officer
Chris Camacho leads the company’s sales and client engagement & development teams, which also includes customer success, solution architecture, business development, strategic integrations, and the FPCollab sharing community. With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Rob Reznick
VP of Finance and Corporate Development
Rob Reznick leads the finance, accounting, and corporate development teams at Flashpoint. Rob previously served as Director of Finance & Accounting for 1010data (acquired by Advance/Newhouse), and Director of Finance for Financial Guard (acquired by Legg Mason) after prior work in forensic accounting and dispute consulting. Mr. Reznick is a Certified Public Accountant and holds an MBA and MAcc from the Fisher College of Business at the Ohio State University, and a BBA from the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.
Lance James
Chief Scientist / VP Engineering
Lance James is responsible for leading Flashpoint’s technology development. Prior to joining Flashpoint in 2015, he was the Head of Cyber Intelligence at Deloitte & Touche LLP. Mr. James has been an active member of the security community for over 20 years and enjoys working creatively together with technology teams to design and develop impactful solutions that disrupt online threats.
Brian Costello
SVP Global Partnerships and U.S. Public Sector
Brian Costello, a 20-year information technology and security solutions veteran, is responsible for leading the Global Sales, Solution Architecture, and Professional Services teams at Flashpoint. Throughout his career, Brian has successfully built security and cloud teams that have provided customers with innovative technology solutions, exceeded targets and consistently grown business year over year. Prior to Flashpoint, Brian led a global security and cloud vertical practice for Verizon. Brian also held senior leadership roles at Invincea, Risk Analytics and Cybertrust. Brian received his B.A. from George Mason University.
Tom Hofmann
VP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
VP, Client Engagement & Development and Solution Architecture
Jake Wells leads strategic integrations and information sharing as part of the client engagement & development team, which serves as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
VP Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.
Justin Rogers
VP Revenue Operations
Justin Rogers leads the Revenue Operations team at Flashpoint, aligning marketing, sales, partnerships, and customer success across vision, planning, process, and goals. He leverages over 15 years of experience in security, strategy, product design, and implementation to drive growth, provide an end-to-end view of the customer journey, and a seamless customer experience. Recently, Justin led Marketing for Centripetal, bringing the first Threat Intelligence Gateway to market. Previously, he managed operations of a Counter IED lab electronics forensics division while forward deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. Justin holds a BS in Electrical Engineering from the University of New Hampshire.
Glenn Lemons
Executive Director of Customer Success
Glenn Lemons is a Executive Director of Customer Success at Flashpoint. He previously served as the acting Director of Citigroup's Cyber Intelligence Center where he was responsible for analyzing and reacting to intelligence from a variety of threats. These threats ranged from fraudulent activity and attempting to defraud Citi's clients to supporting security operations for the firm's worldwide network presence. He has extensive experience working with multiple clients across the financial services, manufacturing, healthcare, and public sectors. Glenn also has more than 26 years of intelligence experience within the operational and support communities in the U.S. military and federal civilian service; seven of which focused on both defensive and offensive cyber operations. While working for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, he testified numerous times before U.S. Congressional committees and member requested open and closed sessions.
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Steve Leightell
Steve started his career in Internet sales in the early 1990s and was always a top sales rep before transitioning to business development. By the early 2000s, he was the Director of Business Development at DWL, where he managed a team that built partnerships with Accenture, Oracle, Tata Consulting, Wipro, Cognizant and IBM. Steve designed the channel and strategy that ultimately culminated in the acquisition of DWL by IBM in 2005. He went on to lead a global team within IBM that was responsible for major system integrator partnerships. In 2008, he left IBM to found a niche consulting firm focused on business development for SaaS organizations. Steve holds a BA in anthropology and sociology from Carleton University in Ottawa.
Ellie Wheeler
Ellie Wheeler is a Partner at Greycroft and is based in the firm’s New York office. Prior to joining Greycroft, Ellie worked in a similar role evaluating investment opportunities at Lowercase Capital. Ellie also worked at Cisco in Corporate Development doing acquisitions, investments, and strategy within the unified communications, enterprise software, mobile, and video sectors. While at Cisco, she was involved in multiple acquisitions and investments, including PostPath, Jabber, Xobni, and Tandberg. She began her career in growth capital private equity at Summit Partners in Boston. Ellie graduated magna cum laude from Georgetown University with a BA in Psychology and holds an MBA from Harvard Business School.
Glenn McGonnigle
Glenn McGonnigle is a General Partner at TechOperators. Prior to launching TechOperators in 2008, Glenn was CEO of VistaScape Security Systems, a venture-backed provider of enterprise intelligent video surveillance software. He lead the company through its successful sale to Siemens Building Technologies. Previously, Glenn was a co-founder and senior executive of Atlanta-based Internet Security Systems (ISS) where he helped raise initial venture capital and launch the business. For 7 years, he led the business development team in developing sales channels and entering the managed security services market. During his tenure, the company grew from startup to revenues of over $225 million and was later acquired by IBM for $1.3 billion.
Peter George
Peter George has an established track record of building companies that deliver sustained growth and profits and in identifying critical worldwide partnership opportunities that strategically expand market share. Prior to becoming President and CEO of Fidelis Security Systems in 2008, Mr. George spent the last seven years as President and CEO of Crossbeam Systems, the market leader in the high-end segment of the Unified Threat Management market, where he took the company from being a pre-revenue start-up to over $50 million in revenue. Previously, he was President of Nortel Networks Enterprise Business in Europe, Middle-East, and Africa, responsible for managing more than 5,000 employees and $2 billion in revenue. Mr. George came to Nortel via their 1998 acquisition of Bay Networks where he was serving as vice president of European operations. During his tenure at Wellfleet and Bay, he played key sales executive roles in New England and in Europe. Prior to joining Wellfleet, Mr. George served as the Northeast regional manager and GM of Canada at 3Com Corporation, and also held senior management positions at Ungerman Bass. He received his BA from the College of the Holy Cross, and has done graduate studies at Harvard and Oxford University.
Brendan Hannigan
Brendan joined Polaris Partners in 2016 as an entrepreneur partner. In this role, he focuses on funding and founding companies in the technology sector with a concentration in cloud, analytics, and cybersecurity. Brendan is a co-founder of Sonrai Security and chairman of Twistlock, both Polaris investments. He also currently serves on the board of Bitsight Technologies and Flashpoint. A 25 year technology industry veteran, Brendan was most recently the general manager of IBM Security. Under Brendan’s leadership, IBM Security grew significantly faster than the overall security market to become the number one enterprise security provider in the world with almost $2B of annual revenue.
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Evaluating the Physical Threat from UCC “Kill Lists”

Terrorism
October 28, 2016

In late September 2016, a Maryland man named Nelash Mohamed Das was indicted for attempting to provide material support to ISIS. This indictment was in connection with Das’s plans to attack U.S. military members, one of whom had appeared on a kill list published by pro-ISIS hackers in 2015. On October 9, the United Cyber Caliphate (UCC) published what the group referred to its “first official statement,” reaffirming the group’s allegiance to ISIS and pledging to continue publishing personally identifiable information for use in lone-wolf attacks. Then on October 23, the group published another statement emphasizing the importance of “cyber jihad.” The UCC’s methods are low-tech and unsophisticated, and many of their kill lists are obtained from open sources, but this is probably of little comfort to those whose names appear on one of these kill lists. So how real is the physical threat posed by the UCC?

It is virtually impossible to predict lone-wolf attacks, but one of the ways we can frame and understand the kill list threat is to evaluate UCC’s ability to influence and incite attacks. There are a few data points that we can use to assist with that evaluation. First, data from the UCC channels on Telegram, an encrypted messaging service, can help to understand the size of UCC’s audience for these lists. Second, discussions around these lists that have taken place in ISIS Deep Web forums provide insight both into the popularity of the kill lists among this base of supporters as well as the ways in which they might take advantage of the information contained therein. Third, Das’s plot is the only known case in which an individual has actively targeted someone named on one of these lists. Therefore, an analysis of his case provides further insight into the threat.

Leveraging Telegram

Telegram, paste sites where users can post anonymous messages, and file hosting services are the primary platforms through which the United Cyber Caliphate distributes information — including the group’s kill lists — from allegedly hacked databases. Both Telegram and the paste sites record the number of views that each receives. Paste sites record these numbers in the form of page visits, and Telegram records each time a post is viewed. In many cases, the pages on paste sites are disabled relatively quickly, so the page views do not provide a good indicator of the size of the audience. With Telegram, on the other hand, the posts are persistent until the channel is disabled or the post is deleted. Furthermore, according to the Telegram FAQ, the view count on the original channel reflects the views from posts forwarded to other channels. This means that while we cannot account for the distribution of kill lists outside of Telegram, we do get a fairly accurate indication of the number of people viewing these posts in UCC’s official channel. Flashpoint analysts have observed as few as several hundred views on UCC posts on the low end, and in excess of 6,000 on the high end.

This image accompanied a kill list on Telegram. Translation: “Everywhere you go there are [lone] wolves watching you”.

Deep Web Influence

The discussions that these lists generate on the top tier ISIS Deep Web forums provide another indicator of UCC’s influence. The number of references to the lists tells us something about their relative popularity among this base of supporters, and the actual discussions provide insight into the ways in which supporters might seek to use the information contained within the lists themselves. To date, Flashpoint has only observed three threads in which forum members actively discuss the UCC kill lists. Of those, only one author suggests acts of physical violence. In that example, the author states that he has advocated for making assassination operations a priority for the Islamic State, and suggests using the UCC lists for target selection. In another thread, the reference to the kill lists was made in the context of a larger discussion about methods for carrying out lone wolf attacks. In this example, the user suggested sending powder to random people from the list, including civilians. The user notes that it will be difficult to obtain materials such as anthrax, but points out that even innocuous powders will promote panic and fear. In the third example, the author suggests using the phone numbers in the lists to make harassing phone calls.

Historic Examples

Finally, we have Das’s case, which is the only known example of an individual actively seeking to target someone named on a kill list published by pro-ISIS hackers. It is worth mentioning that this list was not published by the United Cyber Caliphate; however, a potential attacker is not likely to make that distinction, so it is still an acceptable case study. According to the Department of Justice’s press release, Das expressed an interest in targeting US military personnel. Das sought to attack an individual whose name he obtained from a kill list containing personally identifiable information of military members, which was published in 2015. However, Das was ultimately arrested for attempting to carry out an attack against an individual whose information had been provided by an FBI informant, rather than a name obtained from the list. Furthermore, before looking to the kill list, Das had published the information of an individual he believed was going to join the military, calling for attacks against that individual. Ultimately, the DOJ release indicates that Das was adamant about attacking members of the military without concern for the source of the target. This is an important element to his case, because it tells us that it was Das’s desire to attack service members that drove him to the list in search of targets, rather than the publication of the list inciting him to act.

Likelihood of Attack

Although it is not possible for us to predict if or when the United Cyber Caliphate’s publication of kill lists might lead to a physical attack, all of this data suggests the probability of an attack inspired by these lists is low. The view count on UCC’s Telegram posts tells us something about the scope of the audience. The upper limit that Flashpoint has observed on the view count is just over 6,000. Of that number, it is likely that only a small portion are either in the vicinity of someone named on a UCC kill list or willing to carry out an act of violence. In addition, the lists of US military members and government employees receive the greatest number of views. This is consistent with expectations, as government and military targets typically hold higher value. The fact that UCC’s publication of kill lists has only generated three discussions on the top tier ISIS Deep Web forums, relative to the number of lists published, suggests a low degree of influence within the community. Furthermore, it is more logistically feasible for ISIS supporters to use the phone numbers and addresses contained within the lists to harass those named therein, than to conduct assassinations. Finally, the DOJ report makes clear that Das was interested in attacking members of the US military before he found the kill list, and was not influenced by the list.

Final Notes

The real lesson here is that beyond changing passwords, organizations must rethink how personally identifiable information is exposed and made public over the Internet. UCC’s low skill and lack of sophistication are of little comfort to those named on a kill list, but they should serve as a red flag to organizations with regard to the ease with which this information is obtained. A majority of UCC kill lists come from contact lists or other organizational data sets that are openly available on the Internet. In today’s cyber environment, in which information is increasingly weaponized, there is an increased need for awareness around the risk that exposed personally identifiable information poses to organizations, their employees, and stakeholders.

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