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Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / VP Product
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Jennifer Leggio
Chief Marketing Officer / VP Operations
Jennifer Leggio is responsible for Flashpoint’s marketing, customer acquisition, and operations. Ms. Leggio has more than 20 years of experience driving marketing, communications and go-to-market strategies in the cybersecurity industry. She’s previously held senior leadership roles at Digital Shadows, Cisco, Sourcefire, and Fortinet. She’s been a contributor to Forbes and ZDNet, and has spoken on the importance of coordinated disclosure at DEF CON and Hack in the Box, and on threat actor “publicity” trends at RSA Conference, Gartner Security Summit, and SXSW Interactive.
Chris Camacho
Chief Strategy Officer
Chris Camacho partners with Flashpoint’s executive team to develop, communicate, and execute strategic initiatives pertaining to Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Lance James
Chief Scientist / VP Engineering
Lance James is responsible for leading Flashpoint’s technology development. Prior to joining Flashpoint in 2015, he was the Head of Cyber Intelligence at Deloitte & Touche LLP. Mr. James has been an active member of the security community for over 20 years and enjoys working creatively together with technology teams to design and develop impactful solutions that disrupt online threats.
Brian Costello
SVP Global Sales and Solution Architecture
Brian Costello, a 20-year information technology and security solutions veteran, is responsible for leading the Global Sales, Solution Architecture, and Professional Services teams at Flashpoint. Throughout his career, Brian has successfully built security and cloud teams that have provided customers with innovative technology solutions, exceeded targets and consistently grown business year over year. Prior to Flashpoint, Brian led a global security and cloud vertical practice for Verizon. Brian also held senior leadership roles at Invincea, Risk Analytics and Cybertrust. Brian received his B.A. from George Mason University.
Tom Hofmann
VP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
VP Customer Success
Jake Wells leads the company’s customer success team, serving as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
VP Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.

Targeting Popular Job Recruitment Portals About More Than PII

Blog
June 7, 2018

Job listing and recruitment portals have been an attraction for cybercriminals given the volume of personal information uploaded to those sites in the form of resumes, cover letters and other data specific to individuals.

But there’s more to criminals’ interest than just stealing personally identifiable information. Security shortcomings on some of these sites can expose job applicants, business account holders and the recruiters themselves to a number of different threats. For example, when threat actors gain access to legitimate business accounts at recruiting sites they can use social engineering to con job seekers into replying to phony listings and are inadvertently recruited as money mules, or are lured into money laundering operations. Malicious documents in the guise of a PDF’d application can also slip past lax or non-existent scanning tools and target the recruitment portal directly, or enable an attacker access to data stored on the portal and expose applicants to identity theft.

Flashpoint analysts have noticed a marginal increase in the number of mentions on Deep & Dark Web forums related to such activity around recruitment portals, many of which involve advertisements for the availability of compromised accounts, or criminals soliciting business accounts in order to list jobs on the platforms. Attackers want access to business accounts in order to leverage their phony job listings and recruit people who would ultimately participate in fraud without their knowledge.

It’s likely that most of the recruitment portals are either unaware of such activity, or hesitant to disclose it, meaning that analysts may not have a true handle on the full scope of the problem. Given the increasing number of mentions and interest in abusing these platforms, threat actors may find this to be a useful tactic going forward.

The recruitment of unwitting mules is a growing problem on a number of online platforms that accept classified ads, but most prominently on job recruitment portals. Desperate for employment, a candidate may think they’re applying for a legitimate position. In actuality, the nonexistent positions—typically for merchandise handlers or payment processors—are a means of recruiting unwitting applicants into performing activity that facilitates fraud schemes, such as money laundering, by receiving unauthorized transfers of funds and sending the funds on to other recipients, typically for a nominal fee, frequently 10% of the amount they receive. The applicants are likely to believe the position is more credible if it is posted by a reputable company on a popular recruitment platform.

The phony job solicitations are professionally written and appear legitimate to casual observers and at times to the actual business, who may have numerous satellite campuses and could be unaware of where a local office or contractor could be listing a job. 

When it comes to targeting recruitment professionals, Flashpoint analysts have observed that threat actors typically target such employees via email phishing campaigns, rather than attack the recruitment portals given the continued relevant success of phishing schemes. Credential stuffing, or account checking attacks, are more viable when targeting recruitment portal accounts. Credential stuffing attacks leverage the hundreds of millions of breached and leaked credentials available on the Deep & Dark Web (DDW) and the surface web to gain unauthorized access to accounts. Attackers use automated login requests to repeatedly try username-password combinations until they gain access to an account; it’s a tactic that could have its advantages over using malware-laced PDF documents that may never be downloaded, or could be flagged by a scanner.

Job recruitment portals are a warehouse of personal information, and by successfully compromising an applicant’s or recruiter’s account, criminals are able to harvest applicants’ PII, execute social engineering attacks that lead to identity theft, or recruit unwitting mules for fraud.

Flashpoint recommends the following mitigation advice for recruiters and platforms:

• Recruiters should always utilize the document parsers that many recruitment platforms have to avoid being infected by malicious documents.

• Recruiters should enforce employees’ usage of the recruitment platforms, rather than passing around PDF resumes and cover letters

• Require proper document virus scanning

• Secure accounts with unique passwords and two-factor authentication in order to deter account takeover.

• Recruiters should work with internal security teams to do cursory research across recruitment sites for fraudulent listings

• Recruitment portals should implement various security checks that analyze malicious documents and URLs for malicious activity.

• Recruitment portals should always advise users of the risk of accepting third-party documents.

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David Shear

Analyst

David Shear is an Analyst at Flashpoint who researches cybercrime communities, actors, and threats originating primarily from North and South America. A Deep & Dark Web subject matter expert, he specializes in analyzing threat actors’ tactics, engagement, and targeting patterns to help organizations across multiple industries address and mitigate cyber threats. Prior to Flashpoint, David served as a Systems Administrator for SecureWorks’s Networks Operations Center before joining the Counter Threat Unit within the company’s Surveillance Division. His research on threat intelligence and information security has been featured in numerous publications including Ars Technica, Dark Reading, SecurityWeek, SC Magazine, and Wired, among others.

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Mike Mimoso

Editorial Director

Michael Mimoso brings over a decade of experience in IT security news reporting to Flashpoint. As Editorial Director, he collaborates with marketing, analyst, and leadership teams to share the company’s story. Prior to Flashpoint, Mike was as an Editor of Threatpost, where he covered security issues and cybercrime affecting businesses and end-users.
Prior to joining Threatpost, Mike was Editorial Director of the Security Media Group at TechTarget and Editor of Information Security magazine where he won several ASBPE national and regional writing awards. In addition, Information Security was a two-time finalist for national magazine of the year. He has been writing for business-to-business IT publications for 11 years, with a primary focus on information security.
Earlier in his career, Mike was an editor and reporter at several Boston-area newspapers. He holds a bachelor’s degree from Stonehill College in North Easton, Massachusetts. 

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