Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with the fastest, most comprehensive coverage of threatening activity on the internet. He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / Chief Product Officer
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Chris Camacho
Chief Revenue Officer
As Chief Revenue Officer, Chris Camacho leads the company’s global sales team, which includes solution architecture, business development, strategic integrations, partnerships, and revenue operations; he is also the architect of Flashpoint’s FPCollab sharing community. With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Donald Saelinger
Donald Saelinger is responsible for driving strategic and operational initiatives to accelerate Flashpoint’s growth and scale. In this role, Donald leads a broad portfolio including Marketing, Customer Success, Revenue Operations, Legal and related functions, and is focused on helping the company execute on a go-to-market approach that maximizes value to our customers. Prior to Flashpoint, Donald served as Chief Operating Officer and General Counsel of Endgame, Inc., an endpoint detection and response company acquired by Elastic N.V. in 2019, and where he led a range of teams focused on growth, scale, and legal and compliance matters. Donald also previously served as the General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer at Opower, Inc. (NYSE: OPWR), a global provider of SaaS solutions to electric and gas utilities that was acquired by Oracle, Inc. in 2016. Donald graduated from Columbia University in 2000 and received his JD from the Georgetown University Law Center in 2006.
Rob Reznick
SVP Finance and Corporate Development
Rob Reznick leads the finance, accounting, and corporate development teams at Flashpoint. Rob previously served as Director of Finance & Accounting for 1010data (acquired by Advance/Newhouse), and Director of Finance for Financial Guard (acquired by Legg Mason) after prior work in forensic accounting and dispute consulting. Mr. Reznick is a Certified Public Accountant and holds an MBA and MAcc from the Fisher College of Business at the Ohio State University, and a BBA from the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.
Tom Hofmann
SVP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
SVP Solutions Architecture
Jake Wells leads strategic integrations and information sharing as part of the client engagement & development team, which serves as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
SVP Strategy and Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.
Justin Rogers
VP Revenue Operations
Justin Rogers leads the Revenue Operations team at Flashpoint, aligning sales, marketing, partnerships, customer success, and finance across vision, planning, process, and goals. He leverages over 15 years of experience in security, strategy, product design, and implementation to drive growth, provide an end-to-end view of the customer journey, and a seamless customer experience. Recently, Justin led Marketing for Centripetal, bringing the first Threat Intelligence Gateway to market. Previously, he managed operations of a Counter IED lab electronics forensics division while forward deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. Justin holds a BS in Electrical Engineering from the University of New Hampshire.
Peter Partyka
VP Engineering
Peter Partyka leads Flashpoint’s engineering teams. Peter previously worked in the quantitative hedge fund space in New York City, implementing security and administrative solutions around proprietary trading platforms, high-availability cloud deployments, and hardening of applications and infrastructure. Peter leverages more than 16 years of experience in technology specializing in application security, red-teaming, penetration testing, exploit development, as well as blue-teaming. Peter has a long track record of managing tech teams and implementing engineering security best practices. Recently Peter led Flashpoint toward GDPR and CCPA compliance and has been a key architect of Flashpoint’s robust compliance programs. Peter has taught advanced cybersecurity courses at New York University and consulted at various tech startups during his career.
Paul Farley
Paul Farley is responsible for the Asia-Pacific region of Flashpoint's international business, including Australia, Japan, and Singapore. In his role at Flashpoint, Paul is executing growth-oriented sales strategies across multiple countries and vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial. Paul has extensive experience leading regional sales for both pre-IPO growth businesses and large organizations such as RSA, EMC and DELL.
Steven Cooperman
VP Public Sector Sales
Steven Cooperman is responsible for Flashpoint’s strategy and sales growth of its public sector business. He also supports the development of a robust partner ecosystem for public sector business to deliver value added offerings and innovation focused to the mission of government. Steven has an established and diverse career in the Public Sector, holding leadership positions at a number of successful enterprise software companies and Federal System Integrators, including ServiceNow, HP, Oracle and Northrop Grumman. He holds an MA in Analytic Geography from the State University of New York - Binghamton, and received his BS in Geology from the State University - Oneonta.
Matthew Howell
VP Product
Matthew Howell leads the Product Management and Product Marketing teams for Flashpoint. He is responsible for developing a strong team that drives product adoption and user engagement through outcome based prioritization, continuous process improvement, and metrics driven development. Matthew brings a passion for diverse ideas, experience launching B2B SaaS products, building integration ecosystems, supporting five 9s SLAs, and leading distributed teams. He holds a bachelor’s degree in computer science from the University of Virginia
Glenn Lemons
Executive Director Strategic Accounts Engagement
Glenn Lemons is Executive Director, Strategic Accounts Engagement at Flashpoint. He previously served as the acting Director of Citigroup's Cyber Intelligence Center where he was responsible for analyzing and reacting to intelligence from a variety of threats. These threats ranged from fraudulent activity and attempting to defraud Citi's clients to supporting security operations for the firm's worldwide network presence. He has extensive experience working with multiple clients across the financial services, manufacturing, healthcare, and public sectors. Glenn also has more than 26 years of intelligence experience within the operational and support communities in the U.S. military and federal civilian service; seven of which focused on both defensive and offensive cyber operations. While working for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, he testified numerous times before U.S. Congressional committees and member requested open and closed sessions.
Steve Leightell
Steve started his career in Internet sales in the early 1990s and was always a top sales rep before transitioning to business development. By the early 2000s, he was the Director of Business Development at DWL, where he managed a team that built partnerships with Accenture, Oracle, Tata Consulting, Wipro, Cognizant and IBM. Steve designed the channel and strategy that ultimately culminated in the acquisition of DWL by IBM in 2005. He went on to lead a global team within IBM that was responsible for major system integrator partnerships. In 2008, he left IBM to found a niche consulting firm focused on business development for SaaS organizations. Steve holds a BA in anthropology and sociology from Carleton University in Ottawa.
Ellie Wheeler
Ellie Wheeler is a Partner at Greycroft and is based in the firm’s New York office. Prior to joining Greycroft, Ellie worked in a similar role evaluating investment opportunities at Lowercase Capital. Ellie also worked at Cisco in Corporate Development doing acquisitions, investments, and strategy within the unified communications, enterprise software, mobile, and video sectors. While at Cisco, she was involved in multiple acquisitions and investments, including PostPath, Jabber, Xobni, and Tandberg. She began her career in growth capital private equity at Summit Partners in Boston. Ellie graduated magna cum laude from Georgetown University with a BA in Psychology and holds an MBA from Harvard Business School.
Glenn McGonnigle
Glenn McGonnigle is a General Partner at TechOperators. Prior to launching TechOperators in 2008, Glenn was CEO of VistaScape Security Systems, a venture-backed provider of enterprise intelligent video surveillance software. He lead the company through its successful sale to Siemens Building Technologies. Previously, Glenn was a co-founder and senior executive of Atlanta-based Internet Security Systems (ISS) where he helped raise initial venture capital and launch the business. For 7 years, he led the business development team in developing sales channels and entering the managed security services market. During his tenure, the company grew from startup to revenues of over $225 million and was later acquired by IBM for $1.3 billion.
Brendan Hannigan
Brendan joined Polaris Partners in 2016 as an entrepreneur partner. In this role, he focuses on funding and founding companies in the technology sector with a concentration in cloud, analytics, and cybersecurity. Brendan is a co-founder of Sonrai Security and chairman of Twistlock, both Polaris investments. He also currently serves on the board of Bitsight Technologies and Flashpoint. A 25 year technology industry veteran, Brendan was most recently the general manager of IBM Security. Under Brendan’s leadership, IBM Security grew significantly faster than the overall security market to become the number one enterprise security provider in the world with almost $2B of annual revenue.
Matt Devost
Currently, Devost serves as CEO & Co-Founder of OODA LLC as well as a review board member for Black Hat. In 2010, he co-founded the cybersecurity consultancy FusionX LLC which was acquired by Accenture in August 2015, where he went on to lead Accenture's Global Cyber Defense practice. Devost also founded the Terrorism Research Center in 1996 where he served as President and CEO until November 2008 and held founding or leadership roles at iDefense, iSIGHT Partners, Total Intel, SDI, Tulco Holdings, and Technical Defense.

Cybersecurity Best Practices: How CTI and SOC Teams Can Reduce Internal Data Threats

October 7, 2021

Introduction and Key Takeaways: Reducing internal data threats

CTI and SOC teams are responsible for addressing data exposures that occur when employees inadvertently open gateways to highly sensitive information. These data breaches can result in significant damage to an organization’s brand, reputation, bottom line, and more.

In this article we’ll review:

  • Why—and how—internal data breaches commonly occur;
  • Prominent examples of key avenues for data exposures, including misconfigured code repositories and network devices;
  • Best practices that CTI and SOC teams can follow to reduce their exposure to internal data leaks; plus
  • — How to augment your organization’s threat intelligence infrastructure with a robust altering system.

Employee mistakes, compromised passwords, and misconfigured code repositories and network devices

Understanding ​​potential vulnerabilities associated with data leakage is critical to ensuring that CTI and SOC teams are able to close the aperture of exposure to threat actors, honest mistakes, and insider threats. Many of this year’s highest-profile breaches (including Colonial Pipeline, Nissan Motors and Microsoft and Mercedes) occurred when threat actors gained access to code repositories and connected network devices. 

All of these are frequently cited for their exposure to inadvertent disclosure by employees who simply make errors. 

Related: Tips & Tricks — Reduce Risk, Avoid Fraud Losses, and Increase Your Team’s Efficiency through Flashpoint’s Alerting Capabilities

These leaks have had serious real-world repercussions for many organizations, from reputational damage to loss of funds to class action lawsuits, that continue to reverberate and influence security teams around the world. 

According to the IBM and Ponemon Institute’s 2021 Cost of a Data Breach Report, which surveyed more than 500 breaches, 23% of data breaches in 2020 were due to human error and cost organizations an average of $3.33 million dollars to resolve. Overall, data breaches cost these surveyed companies an average of $4.24M on average—the highest number ever recorded in the report’s 17-year history.

Misconfigured code repositories

Source code leaks due to default credentials

In early 2021, a trove of Nissan data including market research materials, mobile app source code, and diagnostic tools was accessed and leaked by a hacktivist. The data had been stored in a Git repository secured with only admin/admin credentials, leaving it exposed to an unintentional data breach.

According to Verizon’s 2021 Data Breach Investigations Report, 61% of all breaches involved compromised credentials. 

A list of data exposed in the Nissan breach, according to ZDNet

  • — Nissan NA Mobile apps
  • — some parts of the Nissan ASIST diagnostics tool
  • — the Dealer Business Systems / Dealer Portal
  • — Nissan internal core mobile library
  • — Nissan/Infiniti NCAR/ICAR services
  • — client acquisition and retention tools
  • — sales and market research tools and data
  • — various marketing tools
  • — the vehicle logistics portal
  • — vehicle connected services / Nissan connect things
  • — and various other backends and internal tools

While there have been no major publicly-known incidents following the 2021 leak, it’s important to note that data like this can be used to reverse-engineer code for competitive advantage or to create fraudulent applications to deliver malware.

Protected Health Information (PHI) leak due to unprotected repositories

In late 2020, Med-Data, a third-party medical billing and management services vendor, discovered that sensitive personal data was exposed by an employee: the developer had saved files to their own GitHub folder on a public repository. Med-Data discovered that the exposure had begun in 2019 and included PHI data, including patient social security numbers (SSNs), medical diagnoses, and other sensitive data, which prompted its partners to release statements acknowledging the privacy incident.

According to the IBM report, the healthcare industry incurred the highest costs due to breaches. 

Med-Data subsequently offered affected patients free identity theft protection services, but is now facing a class-action lawsuit filed on behalf of those patients whose sensitive medical data was exposed. 

Misconfigured network devices

Unprotected legacy device

The biggest recent example of an unexpected network connection is of course the Colonial Pipeline breach, where threat actors accessed a legacy VPN with a stolen password. The VPN was unmonitored and not protected by 2FA (two-factor authentication)—a bottom-line best practice. 

The attack forced Colonial Pipeline offline, creating an acute fuel shortage in the United States. They also paid nearly $5 million in Bitcoin to recover access to their systems; their CEO testified in front of Congress; and they are now facing a class-action lawsuit.

Mitigating the risk of an internal data exposure

It’s no secret that your organization’s sensitive, proprietary data can become vulnerable to threat actors from the outside-in. So how can security teams tasked with protecting their organization’s data quickly and comprehensively identify and mitigate data exposures?

Code repositories

Security teams should have access to public repositories that may contain leaked IP addresses and other sensitive assets, such as source code or cloud application domain names—all of which could be used against an organization’s internal systems.

According to our research, misconfiguration of cloud servers contributed to the exposure of 990 million records in 2018. Meanwhile, 83% percent of enterprise workloads are anticipated to move to the cloud in 2020.

Internet infrastructure

Similarly, security teams need insight into all enterprise devices or systems that are connected to the internet. This level of access enables CISOs, and the CTI and SOC teams they manage, to monitor and track its digital footprint by identifying newly observed exposed systems, the services they run, and their potential exploits and vulnerabilities to a cyber attack.

Know in real-time when your data assets have been exposed 

Flashpoint’s Data Exposure Alerting identifies customer and company data, source code, or vulnerable systems within open source datasets and public facing infrastructure in order to prevent actors from leveraging exposed data for illicit activity. 

This functionality, paired with targeted and immediate remediation, can identify and mitigate exposed data incidents as they appear. CTI and SOC teams that use Flashpoint’s Intelligence Platform can also search for existing threat actor chatter, compromised credentials being sold on the DDW (Deep and Dark Web), sensitive data being shared on paste sites, and other cybercrime-related activities. 

Targeted queries

Through the Flashpoint Alerting capability, cybersecurity teams can construct targeted queries to ensure swift notification of leaked assets as it relates to their organization and intelligence requirements. Security teams can also directly manage and edit queries in order to address rapidly developing challenges or changes within your intelligence requirements. 

Real-time alerts

Flashpoint’s automated process provides real-time alerts when exposed assets have been identified, saving both time and analyst resources by helping users highlight relevant information and ensure information is not missed. Security teams can view necessary context regarding the leaked data, allowing for quick investigation of the alert, including: 

  • — the original poster
  • time stamp
  • file name
  • keywords utilized 
  • tactic techniques and procedures (TTPs)
  • direct links to the original source

Reduce Risk, Avoid Fraud Losses, and Increase Your Team’s Efficiency

A key component when leveraging intelligence from illicit communities is an ability to proactively monitor and uncover relevant threat-actor conversations and compromised data. Accessing this relevant information in a timely manner can make all the difference for security teams reducing risk, avoiding fraud losses, and saving time while increasing their efficiency. Identify customer and company data, source code, or vulnerable systems within open source datasets and public facing infrastructure in order to prevent actors from leveraging exposed data for illicit activity. To learn more about Flashpoint’s Data Exposure Alerting, start a free 90-day trial today.

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