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Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / VP Product
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Jennifer Leggio
Chief Marketing Officer / VP Operations
Jennifer Leggio is responsible for Flashpoint’s marketing, customer acquisition, and operations. Ms. Leggio has more than 20 years of experience driving marketing, communications and go-to-market strategies in the cybersecurity industry. She’s previously held senior leadership roles at Digital Shadows, Cisco, Sourcefire, and Fortinet. She’s been a contributor to Forbes and ZDNet, and has spoken on the importance of coordinated disclosure at DEF CON and Hack in the Box, and on threat actor “publicity” trends at RSA Conference, Gartner Security Summit, and SXSW Interactive.
Chris Camacho
Chief Strategy Officer
Chris Camacho leads the company’s client engagement and development team, which includes customer success, business development, strategic integrations and the FPCollab sharing community. With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Rob Reznick
VP of Finance and Corporate Development
Rob Reznick leads the finance, accounting, and corporate development teams at Flashpoint. Rob previously served as Director of Finance & Accounting for 1010data (acquired by Advance/Newhouse), and Director of Finance for Financial Guard (acquired by Legg Mason) after prior work in forensic accounting and dispute consulting. Mr. Reznick is a Certified Public Accountant and holds an MBA and MAcc from the Fisher College of Business at the Ohio State University, and a BBA from the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.
Lance James
Chief Scientist / VP Engineering
Lance James is responsible for leading Flashpoint’s technology development. Prior to joining Flashpoint in 2015, he was the Head of Cyber Intelligence at Deloitte & Touche LLP. Mr. James has been an active member of the security community for over 20 years and enjoys working creatively together with technology teams to design and develop impactful solutions that disrupt online threats.
Brian Costello
SVP Global Sales and Solution Architecture
Brian Costello, a 20-year information technology and security solutions veteran, is responsible for leading the Global Sales, Solution Architecture, and Professional Services teams at Flashpoint. Throughout his career, Brian has successfully built security and cloud teams that have provided customers with innovative technology solutions, exceeded targets and consistently grown business year over year. Prior to Flashpoint, Brian led a global security and cloud vertical practice for Verizon. Brian also held senior leadership roles at Invincea, Risk Analytics and Cybertrust. Brian received his B.A. from George Mason University.
Tom Hofmann
VP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
VP, Client Engagement & Development
Jake Wells leads strategic integrations and information sharing as part of the client engagement & development team, which serves as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
VP Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.
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Nation-State Actors Leverage Insiders for Economic Espionage

Blog
January 23, 2019

By Eric Lackey
 
The term ‘insider threat’ often brings to mind an image of a disgruntled employee who abuses their internal privileges in an unsophisticated manner for personal gain. While insider threat certainly can manifest in this form, it can also take more coordinated, insidious forms when insiders act as agents of economic espionage.
 
Indeed, economic espionage has become such a pertinent issue for businesses and research institutions that on Jan. 7, the U.S. National Counterintelligence and Security Center (NCSC) launched an awareness campaign that aims to arm private-sector companies with information to help them better understand and defend against this threat.
 
While various countries been known to conduct espionage, the U.S. NCSC notes that Chinese economic espionage operations are among the most active of any nation state. In 2017, the U.S.-China IP Commission estimated that Chinese intellectual property theft costs the U.S. economy between $225 billion and $600 billion annually. Much of this espionage is carried out through sophisticated cyber intrusions, but China has also been known to target corporate insiders in an effort to obtain intellectual property and trade secrets.
 
To better understand this development through the lens of insider threat, Flashpoint examined the targeting, objectives, recruitment efforts, tactics, and tradecraft of these recent espionage attempts:
 
Targeting and Objectives
Recently reported cases involving China and China-based companies have made it increasingly apparent that Beijing’s objective is to acquire intellectual property to drive technological innovation, strengthen its dominance over global manufacturing, and modernize its military. Although many aspects of the U.S. economy are of potential interest to state-sponsored actors, the U.S. government has identified a number of industries that may be more susceptible to economic espionage, including energy, biotechnology, defense technology, high-end manufacturing, and information and communications technology.
 
Insider Recruitment
In many reported instances, Chinese operatives have leveraged social media to contact insiders at targeted organizations. One common tactic is for operatives to pose as researchers or academics and invite targeted individuals to speak at universities or institutes overseas in an effort to lower their guard and manipulate them into unwittingly divulging trade secrets. In other cases, operatives been known to target Chinese nationals working at foreign companies by promising them high-salary positions in China if they exfiltrate intellectual property before leaving their current organization.
 
Tactics and Tradecraft
One of the main tactics observed in 2018 is the use of insiders to exfiltrate targeted information using email or external storage devices with the intent of bringing the acquired intellectual property back to China. For example, in Dec. 2018, a Chinese national and U.S. resident was charged with stealing intellectual property from the U.S. petroleum company where he had worked until being offered a new job at a company in China. While working for the petroleum company, the individual downloaded hundreds of files containing proprietary manufacturing information and other trade secrets estimated to be worth over $1 billion USD.
 
Investigators believe that this individual intended to use the files to the benefit of his new employer in China. His ability to access and download such intellectual property—which was not relevant to his role at the company—shows why user-access management (UAM) is an essential measure for proactively combating insider threat.
 
In addition to leveraging company employees, Chinese economic espionage operations have also been known to steal information from company contractors and partners based in other countries. These types of incidents demonstrate why the scope of an insider threat program (ITP) should not be limited to company employees but also include any third parties with which a company is affiliated.
 
More sophisticated techniques such as steganography—the practice of concealing information within images and other types of files—have also been used by insiders as a means of disguising stolen assets. As organizations become more cognizant of the risk of insiders acting as agents of economic espionage, Flashpoint believes that steganography and other advanced methods of evading detection will become increasingly common.
 
Implications for Defenders
Although numerous arrests have been made over the past year, China appears to have been relatively successful at leveraging insiders as part of its widespread economic espionage campaign directed against a variety of private- and public-sector industries.
 
The rise of insider threat as a vector for economic espionage underscores the importance of proactively combating insider threat as part of an organization’s broader risk-management strategy. The most effective defense is a combination of insider-threat response policies, rapid identification and reporting of suspicious activities, and enterprise-wide investigative support. These defense requirements can only be met by a full-fledged ITP with access to up-to-date knowledge of the latest insider-threat tactics and relevant internal and external data.
 
Flashpoint offers an array of products and services to help organizations build an ITP, mature an existing program, carry out investigations, and implement mitigations more effectively. For more information, click here.
 

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Eric Lackey

Principal Advisor

Eric Lackey, Flashpoint’s principal advisor of insider threat program management, is an experienced professional in the areas of insider threat and counterintelligence with over 20 years of experience providing support to criminal investigations, threat intelligence analysis, network investigations, and digital forensics. Prior to joining Flashpoint, Eric most recently worked for one of the largest global financial services institutions on the Global Information Security Insider Threat team. Prior to this role, Eric spent the previous 10 years as a Senior Insider Threat and Counterintelligence Analyst for the Air Force Office of Special Investigations, as part of his 23 years of service within the Department of Defense. Eric holds a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration and a Master of Science in Digital Forensic Science.

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