Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with the fastest, most comprehensive coverage of threatening activity on the internet. He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / Chief Product Officer
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Chris Camacho
Chief Revenue Officer
As Chief Revenue Officer, Chris Camacho leads the company’s global sales team, which includes solution architecture, business development, strategic integrations, partnerships, and revenue operations; he is also the architect of Flashpoint’s FPCollab sharing community. With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Donald Saelinger
Donald Saelinger is responsible for driving strategic and operational initiatives to accelerate Flashpoint’s growth and scale. In this role, Donald leads a broad portfolio including Marketing, Customer Success, Revenue Operations, Legal and related functions, and is focused on helping the company execute on a go-to-market approach that maximizes value to our customers. Prior to Flashpoint, Donald served as Chief Operating Officer and General Counsel of Endgame, Inc., an endpoint detection and response company acquired by Elastic N.V. in 2019, and where he led a range of teams focused on growth, scale, and legal and compliance matters. Donald also previously served as the General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer at Opower, Inc. (NYSE: OPWR), a global provider of SaaS solutions to electric and gas utilities that was acquired by Oracle, Inc. in 2016. Donald graduated from Columbia University in 2000 and received his JD from the Georgetown University Law Center in 2006.
Rob Reznick
SVP Finance and Corporate Development
Rob Reznick leads the finance, accounting, and corporate development teams at Flashpoint. Rob previously served as Director of Finance & Accounting for 1010data (acquired by Advance/Newhouse), and Director of Finance for Financial Guard (acquired by Legg Mason) after prior work in forensic accounting and dispute consulting. Mr. Reznick is a Certified Public Accountant and holds an MBA and MAcc from the Fisher College of Business at the Ohio State University, and a BBA from the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.
Tom Hofmann
SVP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
SVP Solutions Architecture
Jake Wells leads strategic integrations and information sharing as part of the client engagement & development team, which serves as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
SVP Strategy and Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.
Justin Rogers
VP Revenue Operations
Justin Rogers leads the Revenue Operations team at Flashpoint, aligning sales, marketing, partnerships, customer success, and finance across vision, planning, process, and goals. He leverages over 15 years of experience in security, strategy, product design, and implementation to drive growth, provide an end-to-end view of the customer journey, and a seamless customer experience. Recently, Justin led Marketing for Centripetal, bringing the first Threat Intelligence Gateway to market. Previously, he managed operations of a Counter IED lab electronics forensics division while forward deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. Justin holds a BS in Electrical Engineering from the University of New Hampshire.
Peter Partyka
VP Engineering
Peter Partyka leads Flashpoint’s engineering teams. Peter previously worked in the quantitative hedge fund space in New York City, implementing security and administrative solutions around proprietary trading platforms, high-availability cloud deployments, and hardening of applications and infrastructure. Peter leverages more than 16 years of experience in technology specializing in application security, red-teaming, penetration testing, exploit development, as well as blue-teaming. Peter has a long track record of managing tech teams and implementing engineering security best practices. Recently Peter led Flashpoint toward GDPR and CCPA compliance and has been a key architect of Flashpoint’s robust compliance programs. Peter has taught advanced cybersecurity courses at New York University and consulted at various tech startups during his career.
Paul Farley
Paul Farley is responsible for the Asia-Pacific region of Flashpoint's international business, including Australia, Japan, and Singapore. In his role at Flashpoint, Paul is executing growth-oriented sales strategies across multiple countries and vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial. Paul has extensive experience leading regional sales for both pre-IPO growth businesses and large organizations such as RSA, EMC and DELL.
Steven Cooperman
VP Public Sector Sales
Steven Cooperman is responsible for Flashpoint’s strategy and sales growth of its public sector business. He also supports the development of a robust partner ecosystem for public sector business to deliver value added offerings and innovation focused to the mission of government. Steven has an established and diverse career in the Public Sector, holding leadership positions at a number of successful enterprise software companies and Federal System Integrators, including ServiceNow, HP, Oracle and Northrop Grumman. He holds an MA in Analytic Geography from the State University of New York - Binghamton, and received his BS in Geology from the State University - Oneonta.
Matthew Howell
VP Product
Matthew Howell leads the Product Management and Product Marketing teams for Flashpoint. He is responsible for developing a strong team that drives product adoption and user engagement through outcome based prioritization, continuous process improvement, and metrics driven development. Matthew brings a passion for diverse ideas, experience launching B2B SaaS products, building integration ecosystems, supporting five 9s SLAs, and leading distributed teams. He holds a bachelor’s degree in computer science from the University of Virginia
Glenn Lemons
Executive Director Strategic Accounts Engagement
Glenn Lemons is Executive Director, Strategic Accounts Engagement at Flashpoint. He previously served as the acting Director of Citigroup's Cyber Intelligence Center where he was responsible for analyzing and reacting to intelligence from a variety of threats. These threats ranged from fraudulent activity and attempting to defraud Citi's clients to supporting security operations for the firm's worldwide network presence. He has extensive experience working with multiple clients across the financial services, manufacturing, healthcare, and public sectors. Glenn also has more than 26 years of intelligence experience within the operational and support communities in the U.S. military and federal civilian service; seven of which focused on both defensive and offensive cyber operations. While working for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, he testified numerous times before U.S. Congressional committees and member requested open and closed sessions.
Steve Leightell
Steve started his career in Internet sales in the early 1990s and was always a top sales rep before transitioning to business development. By the early 2000s, he was the Director of Business Development at DWL, where he managed a team that built partnerships with Accenture, Oracle, Tata Consulting, Wipro, Cognizant and IBM. Steve designed the channel and strategy that ultimately culminated in the acquisition of DWL by IBM in 2005. He went on to lead a global team within IBM that was responsible for major system integrator partnerships. In 2008, he left IBM to found a niche consulting firm focused on business development for SaaS organizations. Steve holds a BA in anthropology and sociology from Carleton University in Ottawa.
Ellie Wheeler
Ellie Wheeler is a Partner at Greycroft and is based in the firm’s New York office. Prior to joining Greycroft, Ellie worked in a similar role evaluating investment opportunities at Lowercase Capital. Ellie also worked at Cisco in Corporate Development doing acquisitions, investments, and strategy within the unified communications, enterprise software, mobile, and video sectors. While at Cisco, she was involved in multiple acquisitions and investments, including PostPath, Jabber, Xobni, and Tandberg. She began her career in growth capital private equity at Summit Partners in Boston. Ellie graduated magna cum laude from Georgetown University with a BA in Psychology and holds an MBA from Harvard Business School.
Glenn McGonnigle
Glenn McGonnigle is a General Partner at TechOperators. Prior to launching TechOperators in 2008, Glenn was CEO of VistaScape Security Systems, a venture-backed provider of enterprise intelligent video surveillance software. He lead the company through its successful sale to Siemens Building Technologies. Previously, Glenn was a co-founder and senior executive of Atlanta-based Internet Security Systems (ISS) where he helped raise initial venture capital and launch the business. For 7 years, he led the business development team in developing sales channels and entering the managed security services market. During his tenure, the company grew from startup to revenues of over $225 million and was later acquired by IBM for $1.3 billion.
Brendan Hannigan
Brendan joined Polaris Partners in 2016 as an entrepreneur partner. In this role, he focuses on funding and founding companies in the technology sector with a concentration in cloud, analytics, and cybersecurity. Brendan is a co-founder of Sonrai Security and chairman of Twistlock, both Polaris investments. He also currently serves on the board of Bitsight Technologies and Flashpoint. A 25 year technology industry veteran, Brendan was most recently the general manager of IBM Security. Under Brendan’s leadership, IBM Security grew significantly faster than the overall security market to become the number one enterprise security provider in the world with almost $2B of annual revenue.
Matt Devost
Currently, Devost serves as CEO & Co-Founder of OODA LLC as well as a review board member for Black Hat. In 2010, he co-founded the cybersecurity consultancy FusionX LLC which was acquired by Accenture in August 2015, where he went on to lead Accenture's Global Cyber Defense practice. Devost also founded the Terrorism Research Center in 1996 where he served as President and CEO until November 2008 and held founding or leadership roles at iDefense, iSIGHT Partners, Total Intel, SDI, Tulco Holdings, and Technical Defense.
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Flashpoint Acquires Vulnerability Intelligence Leader Risk Based Security

ISIS Attacks, December 2021: Key Trends, Statistics, and Geographic Analysis

January 6, 2022

The following research is based on information gathered by Flashpoint analysts and data collections. For November’s report, click here.

Key takeaways

  • ISIS operations in December were increasingly dominated by Iraq, Afghanistan, and Nigeria—claims of responsibility in these countries now constitute more than 70% of the overall total (123)—with Syria and Mozambique playing notable supporting roles.
  • ISIS militants in Afghanistan and Pakistan continue to expand their campaign of violence, focusing very heavily in December on the Afghan capital Kabul. Meanwhile, there was a notable absence of activity in the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad and surrounding Nangarhar Province.
  • The drumbeat of operations claimed by ISIS in Syria has continued from last month, dipping only slightly, from 17 to 15 in December. All of the attacks claimed in December were confined to Syria’s eastern Deir al-Zour Province, but it does appear that the resumption of official ISIS activity in Syria (after a noticeable lull in the fall) is more than just a propaganda narrative.
  • Militants loyal to ISIS in Mozambique have once again played an outsized role in the operations officially claimed by the group, while Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) fighters affiliated with ISIS appear to have suffered setbacks following the arrival of Ugandan soldiers in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo).

ISIS targets overall

ISIS targets by city

The list of specific locations targeted most frequently in December was topped by the Afghan capital Kabul (11%), the Nigerian border town of Mallamfatori (6%), Iraq’s Al-Azim District (5%), the Daquq area in the southern part of Iraq’s Kirkuk Province (3%), Iraq’s Al-Riyad District in Kirkuk Province (2%), the Iraqi town of Miqdadiyah (2%), and the Hamrin Mountains area of northern Iraq (2%).

ISIS attacks by country

Afghanistan and Pakistan

The overwhelming focus of ISIS operations in the Afghanistan/Pakistan area during December 2021 was the Afghan capital Kabul, which accounted for 46% of all attacks claimed in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad–a longtime major hub for ISIS–was the location of only 6% of ISIS attacks in AFPAK during December, and greater Nangarhar Province merely 17%. Compare this to November 2021, where Jalalabad accounted for 43% of all ISIS attacks in AFPAK and at least 60% took place in Nangarhar Province. Likewise in October, Jalalabad accounted for almost 52% and Nangarhar Province 59%.

ISIS claimed 26 individual attacks in Afghanistan for the period of December 2021—once again making it second only to Iraq as the country with the most claimed ISIS attacks worldwide.

At least 73% of ISIS attacks in Afghanistan during December explicitly targeted rival Taliban militants. As noted in our report last month, despite the prevalence of attacks in Kabul, the geographic range appears to be slowly spreading out across Afghanistan, with a handful of attacks recorded in Kunar, Farah, Takhar, Logar, and Kunduz Provinces (a total of 7 provinces for the month). This appears to be greater provincial diversity than perhaps in the entire history of ISIS in Afghanistan.

Pakistan was the location for at least 3 ISIS attacks in December 2021 across the northwestern part of the country, including in the city of Rawalpindi.

Iraq and Syria

Although it remains as the country with the most recorded individual ISIS attacks, we have cited in several recent monthly reports a downward statistical trend in Iraq.

In December, ISIS claimed a total of 38 attacks compared to 31 in November. However, this is the first upward trend in months. In July, ISIS claimed 65 attacks in Iraq vs. 63 in August with the downward trends continuing in September (49) and again in October (40). Despite the month-over-month increase, the 38 attacks in December is a marked drop from July (65) and August (63).

Meanwhile, the total number of operations claimed by ISIS in Syria accelerated from 4 in September and 2 in October to 17 in November. Nearly a quarter of individually claimed ISIS attacks in Syria in November took place in the northeastern Hasakah Province. This is almost as many attacks as the combined total of official ISIS operations in Hasakah for the previous six-month period (May-October).

In Iraq, ISIS operations have been dominant in Diyala and Kirkuk Provinces (accounting for a total of 79%), while Anbar and Saladin Provinces–once key havens of ISIS activity–continue to drift downwards, constituting only a combined total of 23% of ISIS operations in Iraq. Iraq’s western Anbar Province is noticeably languishing, with only 2 recorded attacks during the entire month. The percentage share of Anbar Province has been cut in half every month since October.


At least a third of all ISIS attacks in Nigeria during December 2021 took place in the far northeastern border town of Mallamfatori, adjacent to Chad and Niger–including mortar attacks, IEDs, armed assaults, and even a suicide car bombing. The town of Mallamfatori was attacked at least 27 times by ISIS militants over the second half of 2021. Mallamfatori was the fourth most frequently attacked location worldwide by ISIS in the last six months, behind Kabul, Jalalabad, and Iraq’s Al-Azim District.

Once again, there was a slight decrease in the overall number of ISIS operations in Nigeria (24 versus 25 in November). However, as we predicted last month, the death of alleged ISWAP leader Abu Musab al-Barnawi and his alleged successor, Malam Bako, does not appear to have had any palpable impact on the group’s operations.

Central and Eastern Africa

Although unclear at this point whether it is a case of correlation or causation, since the recent introduction of Ugandan troops into the northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), there has been a sharp drop in the number of claimed ISIS attacks in the region–from 11 in November to 3 in December. The arrival of Ugandan soldiers has been a controversial subject among some Congolese, but there are at least some initial positive (albeit circumstantial) signs.

Farther south in Mozambique, though there were only a total of 6 ISIS attacks claimed, this still placed Mozambique behind Syria and ahead of Pakistan and Egypt in the tally of official ISIS operations.

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