Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / VP Product
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Jennifer Leggio
Chief Marketing Officer / VP Operations
Jennifer Leggio is responsible for Flashpoint’s marketing, customer acquisition, and operations. Ms. Leggio has more than 20 years of experience driving marketing, communications and go-to-market strategies in the cybersecurity industry. She’s previously held senior leadership roles at Digital Shadows, Cisco, Sourcefire, and Fortinet. She’s been a contributor to Forbes and ZDNet, and has spoken on the importance of coordinated disclosure at DEF CON and Hack in the Box, and on threat actor “publicity” trends at RSA Conference, Gartner Security Summit, and SXSW Interactive.
Chris Camacho
Chief Strategy Officer
Chris Camacho leads the company’s client engagement and development team, which includes customer success, business development, strategic integrations and the FPCollab sharing community. With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Rob Reznick
VP of Finance and Corporate Development
Rob Reznick leads the finance, accounting, and corporate development teams at Flashpoint. Rob previously served as Director of Finance & Accounting for 1010data (acquired by Advance/Newhouse), and Director of Finance for Financial Guard (acquired by Legg Mason) after prior work in forensic accounting and dispute consulting. Mr. Reznick is a Certified Public Accountant and holds an MBA and MAcc from the Fisher College of Business at the Ohio State University, and a BBA from the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.
Lance James
Chief Scientist / VP Engineering
Lance James is responsible for leading Flashpoint’s technology development. Prior to joining Flashpoint in 2015, he was the Head of Cyber Intelligence at Deloitte & Touche LLP. Mr. James has been an active member of the security community for over 20 years and enjoys working creatively together with technology teams to design and develop impactful solutions that disrupt online threats.
Brian Costello
SVP Global Sales and Solution Architecture
Brian Costello, a 20-year information technology and security solutions veteran, is responsible for leading the Global Sales, Solution Architecture, and Professional Services teams at Flashpoint. Throughout his career, Brian has successfully built security and cloud teams that have provided customers with innovative technology solutions, exceeded targets and consistently grown business year over year. Prior to Flashpoint, Brian led a global security and cloud vertical practice for Verizon. Brian also held senior leadership roles at Invincea, Risk Analytics and Cybertrust. Brian received his B.A. from George Mason University.
Tom Hofmann
VP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
VP, Client Engagement & Development
Jake Wells leads strategic integrations and information sharing as part of the client engagement & development team, which serves as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
VP Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.
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Insider Threat Programs Can Sniff Out Malicious Firmware

August 2, 2018

Last month, security researcher Mickey Shkatov posted a video demonstrating how he was able to install malicious firmware on a device in fewer than four minutes. Commonly known as an evil maid attack, such an attack is based on a scenario where someone breaks into a hotel room to gain physical access to a laptop left behind. Naturally, this type of attack isn’t limited to hotel rooms; it could happen anywhere.

On the surface, malicious firmware doesn’t really seem to be within the purview of an insider threat program (ITP), but it most certainly is. Many assume the term insider means that the scope of an ITP is limited to a company’s employees, contractors, suppliers, or anyone else with legitimate access to company assets or infrastructure. However, an ITP is also useful for detecting people who are external to your company, but use things such as malicious firmware, for example, to access and nose around your network posing as a credentialed user.

Years ago, when I was helping to establish my first ITP, an important part of this process was building relationships between my program and stakeholders across the company. I would tell members of other teams—data loss prevention, security operations, and human resources, to name a few—that my role was not to own controls around their processes, but rather to supplement their work by serving as a secondary, detective control. Sitting between a number of groups and combining their data, I explained, would provide me with unique insights that may even help make their lives a little easier and the company a little more secure.

These unique insights are exactly why malicious firmware and related threats should be within the scope of your ITP. The evil maid attack demonstrates how an ITP can be particularly useful for keeping devices secure during travel. For example, if a traveling user’s device is infected with malicious firmware, the attacker could then use the device to connect to your company’s network, harvest credentials and other data stored on the device for later use, and/or install malicious functionality that could lay dormant in the short-term before inflicting substantial damage later on.

The good news is that providing your ITP with visibility into your company’s travel policies, post-travel monitoring processes, and related datasets can help your company effectively combat malicious firmware infections, evil maid attacks, and similar threats. Here are a few examples that illustrate this concept:

Many companies aim to protect company-issued devices from malicious firmware infections by restricting or prohibiting device usage during travel, but such policies aren’t foolproof. When I was leading an ITP in the financial industry, I once observed a user who appeared to be located in China checking email from a company-issued laptop. At the time, this company had no employees located in China, no employees traveling in China for business purposes, and a policy that prohibited employees from bringing company-issued devices on vacation.

As a result, the company was quick to assume that a Chinese threat actor had penetrated the network. But because this company had previously provided its ITP, and therefore me, with visibility into travel-related and similar datasets, I was able to confirm that the user in question was not a Chinese threat actor, but rather an employee vacationing in China who was simply unaware of the travel policy.

Furthermore, many companies also block IP addresses from countries deemed high-risk, but this measure won’t prevent users—or, in the case of an evil maid attack, malicious actors with physical access to a user’s device—from accessing the company VPN while traveling in high-risk countries. VPNs obscure users’ locations, and although VPN administrators generally have access to data that includes VPN users’ identification, they are unlikely to have the demographic data necessary to identify VPN connections that occur from high-risk locations or are otherwise suspicious.

But in most cases, an ITP will have access to such demographic data, which, when combined with VPN data, can enable the ITP to identify VPN connections from countries that are foreign to the user. In fact, several years ago, I was asked to demonstrate this capability firsthand in order to justify the need for integrating VPN data into the company’s ITP. My demo revealed 12 different users with recent VPN sessions on unapproved devices from countries that were foreign to them. Needless to say, the company agreed to provide my team with access to VPN data moving forward.

There are a number of additional ways in which VPN data can reveal invaluable indicators when integrated with an ITP. In particular, it can identify concurrent logins that occur from geographically dispersed locations. This type of indicator could point to an outsider who accessed the network using credentials stolen from a legitimate user’s device during an evil maid attack, for example. Other datasets such as domestic traffic, atypical logins based on time or day, or unusual IP addresses can also help an ITP identify additional useful indicators. False positives, however, are not uncommon within any dataset, which is why it’s important for your ITP to evaluate the context and relevance of every resulting indicator and be prepared to triage accordingly.

Each example I described above underscores that in order to be truly effective, an ITP needs to be integrated with as many datasets and business functions as possible throughout an organization. And while my examples highlight the value of an ITP in the context of malicious firmware and travel-related security issues, you can apply the same basic principles to support countless other use cases across the enterprise.

But, before you set out to do that, be prepared to encounter what has become a difficult reality for many ITP practitioners. In most cases, integrating additional datasets into your ITP framework is fairly straightforward. Your biggest challenges, however, will likely stem from the bureaucratic and often siloed structure of many corporate environments. Obtaining the permissions, resources, and staffing you’ll need may feel like an uphill battle. This is why it’s so important to have patience, be collaborative, and clearly communicate the value that a new dataset will bring to your ITP, the data owners, and the company as a whole. And above all else, keep an open mind—remember that an effective ITP is always developing and never truly complete.


Flashpoint Analyst Team

The Flashpoint analyst team is composed of subject-matter experts with tradecraft skills honed through years of operating in the most austere online environments, training in elite government and corporate environments, and building and leading intelligence programs across all sectors. Our team covers more than 20 languages including Arabic, Mandarin, Farsi, Turkish, Kazakh, Spanish, French, German, Russian, Ukrainian, Italian, and Portuguese.

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