Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / VP Product
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Jennifer Leggio
Chief Marketing Officer
Jennifer Leggio is responsible for Flashpoint’s marketing, customer acquisition, and operations. Ms. Leggio has more than 20 years of experience driving marketing, communications and go-to-market strategies in the cybersecurity industry. She’s previously held senior leadership roles at Digital Shadows, Cisco, Sourcefire, and Fortinet. She’s been a contributor to Forbes and ZDNet, and has spoken on the importance of coordinated disclosure at DEF CON and Hack in the Box, and on threat actor “publicity” trends at RSA Conference, Gartner Security Summit, and SXSW Interactive.
Chris Camacho
Chief Strategy Officer
Chris Camacho leads the company’s sales and client engagement & development teams, which also includes customer success, solution architecture, business development, strategic integrations, and the FPCollab sharing community. With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Rob Reznick
VP of Finance and Corporate Development
Rob Reznick leads the finance, accounting, and corporate development teams at Flashpoint. Rob previously served as Director of Finance & Accounting for 1010data (acquired by Advance/Newhouse), and Director of Finance for Financial Guard (acquired by Legg Mason) after prior work in forensic accounting and dispute consulting. Mr. Reznick is a Certified Public Accountant and holds an MBA and MAcc from the Fisher College of Business at the Ohio State University, and a BBA from the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.
Lance James
Chief Scientist / VP Engineering
Lance James is responsible for leading Flashpoint’s technology development. Prior to joining Flashpoint in 2015, he was the Head of Cyber Intelligence at Deloitte & Touche LLP. Mr. James has been an active member of the security community for over 20 years and enjoys working creatively together with technology teams to design and develop impactful solutions that disrupt online threats.
Brian Costello
SVP Global Partnerships and U.S. Public Sector
Brian Costello, a 20-year information technology and security solutions veteran, is responsible for leading the Global Sales, Solution Architecture, and Professional Services teams at Flashpoint. Throughout his career, Brian has successfully built security and cloud teams that have provided customers with innovative technology solutions, exceeded targets and consistently grown business year over year. Prior to Flashpoint, Brian led a global security and cloud vertical practice for Verizon. Brian also held senior leadership roles at Invincea, Risk Analytics and Cybertrust. Brian received his B.A. from George Mason University.
Tom Hofmann
VP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
VP, Client Engagement & Development and Solution Architecture
Jake Wells leads strategic integrations and information sharing as part of the client engagement & development team, which serves as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
VP Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.
Justin Rogers
VP Revenue Operations
Justin Rogers leads the Revenue Operations team at Flashpoint, aligning marketing, sales, partnerships, and customer success across vision, planning, process, and goals. He leverages over 15 years of experience in security, strategy, product design, and implementation to drive growth, provide an end-to-end view of the customer journey, and a seamless customer experience. Recently, Justin led Marketing for Centripetal, bringing the first Threat Intelligence Gateway to market. Previously, he managed operations of a Counter IED lab electronics forensics division while forward deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. Justin holds a BS in Electrical Engineering from the University of New Hampshire.
Glenn Lemons
Executive Director of Customer Success
Glenn Lemons is a Executive Director of Customer Success at Flashpoint. He previously served as the acting Director of Citigroup's Cyber Intelligence Center where he was responsible for analyzing and reacting to intelligence from a variety of threats. These threats ranged from fraudulent activity and attempting to defraud Citi's clients to supporting security operations for the firm's worldwide network presence. He has extensive experience working with multiple clients across the financial services, manufacturing, healthcare, and public sectors. Glenn also has more than 26 years of intelligence experience within the operational and support communities in the U.S. military and federal civilian service; seven of which focused on both defensive and offensive cyber operations. While working for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, he testified numerous times before U.S. Congressional committees and member requested open and closed sessions.
Steve Leightell
Steve started his career in Internet sales in the early 1990s and was always a top sales rep before transitioning to business development. By the early 2000s, he was the Director of Business Development at DWL, where he managed a team that built partnerships with Accenture, Oracle, Tata Consulting, Wipro, Cognizant and IBM. Steve designed the channel and strategy that ultimately culminated in the acquisition of DWL by IBM in 2005. He went on to lead a global team within IBM that was responsible for major system integrator partnerships. In 2008, he left IBM to found a niche consulting firm focused on business development for SaaS organizations. Steve holds a BA in anthropology and sociology from Carleton University in Ottawa.
Ellie Wheeler
Ellie Wheeler is a Partner at Greycroft and is based in the firm’s New York office. Prior to joining Greycroft, Ellie worked in a similar role evaluating investment opportunities at Lowercase Capital. Ellie also worked at Cisco in Corporate Development doing acquisitions, investments, and strategy within the unified communications, enterprise software, mobile, and video sectors. While at Cisco, she was involved in multiple acquisitions and investments, including PostPath, Jabber, Xobni, and Tandberg. She began her career in growth capital private equity at Summit Partners in Boston. Ellie graduated magna cum laude from Georgetown University with a BA in Psychology and holds an MBA from Harvard Business School.
Glenn McGonnigle
Glenn McGonnigle is a General Partner at TechOperators. Prior to launching TechOperators in 2008, Glenn was CEO of VistaScape Security Systems, a venture-backed provider of enterprise intelligent video surveillance software. He lead the company through its successful sale to Siemens Building Technologies. Previously, Glenn was a co-founder and senior executive of Atlanta-based Internet Security Systems (ISS) where he helped raise initial venture capital and launch the business. For 7 years, he led the business development team in developing sales channels and entering the managed security services market. During his tenure, the company grew from startup to revenues of over $225 million and was later acquired by IBM for $1.3 billion.
Peter George
Peter George has an established track record of building companies that deliver sustained growth and profits and in identifying critical worldwide partnership opportunities that strategically expand market share. Prior to becoming President and CEO of Fidelis Security Systems in 2008, Mr. George spent the last seven years as President and CEO of Crossbeam Systems, the market leader in the high-end segment of the Unified Threat Management market, where he took the company from being a pre-revenue start-up to over $50 million in revenue. Previously, he was President of Nortel Networks Enterprise Business in Europe, Middle-East, and Africa, responsible for managing more than 5,000 employees and $2 billion in revenue. Mr. George came to Nortel via their 1998 acquisition of Bay Networks where he was serving as vice president of European operations. During his tenure at Wellfleet and Bay, he played key sales executive roles in New England and in Europe. Prior to joining Wellfleet, Mr. George served as the Northeast regional manager and GM of Canada at 3Com Corporation, and also held senior management positions at Ungerman Bass. He received his BA from the College of the Holy Cross, and has done graduate studies at Harvard and Oxford University.
Brendan Hannigan
Brendan joined Polaris Partners in 2016 as an entrepreneur partner. In this role, he focuses on funding and founding companies in the technology sector with a concentration in cloud, analytics, and cybersecurity. Brendan is a co-founder of Sonrai Security and chairman of Twistlock, both Polaris investments. He also currently serves on the board of Bitsight Technologies and Flashpoint. A 25 year technology industry veteran, Brendan was most recently the general manager of IBM Security. Under Brendan’s leadership, IBM Security grew significantly faster than the overall security market to become the number one enterprise security provider in the world with almost $2B of annual revenue.
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Best Practices for Addressing Four Common Threats

February 28, 2017

Flashpoint’s customers represent a diverse mix of global organizations and business functions spanning nearly every industry. On one hand, this means that our team has gained extensive experience using Business Risk Intelligence (BRI) to help our customers address some of the rarest, most obscure threats emerging from the Deep & Dark Web.

On the other hand, it also means that we’ve come to recognize that some cyber threats have grown so widespread that many of our customers continue to encounter them relatively often. As cyber threat actors strive to acquire increasingly advanced skills and develop more damaging tactics, it’s our job as security practitioners to share our insights and promote awareness in order to help more organizations and individuals protect themselves from these threats.

Below, we’ve outlined four of the most common threats our customers face and provided a look into our recommended “best practices” for addressing and mitigating risk.

1. Credential Dumps

Credential dumps are files containing leaked email addresses and/or usernames and passwords. After collecting these credential lists from various data breaches, threat actors typically use them in credential-stuffing attacks against other sites and/or mine them for usernames and passwords matching any given organization. As such, these lists allow threat actors to target specific organizations, log in to their systems, and steal, modify, or delete sensitive corporate data. While these types of attacks are common and have been known to target organizations across all industry verticals, they tend to be more common within the healthcare and legal verticals.

Image 1: The admin panel for Floki Bot malware shows it allegedly led to 1,375 credential dumps.

In order to help proactively mitigate the risks posed by credential dumps, organizations should consider the following:  

• Implement 2-factor authentication (2FA) wherever possible;

• Ensure their team is able to monitor and search all employee logins by IP address;

• Work with a reputable third-party vendor to monitor the Deep & Dark Web as well as the surface web for credential dumps containing any mentions of domain names owned or managed by your organization.

When a match is found, it’s crucial to identify and validate the following:

• Does the affected individual work at the organization?

• Does the password meet password complexity requirements?

• Have any remote logins from unusual networks been observed?

If the person is an employee, next steps typically include:

• Lock the account and investigate to ensure that it has not been remotely accessed;

• Perform a forensic analysis of the employee’s laptop or workstation for malware.

If the employee’s password does not match the requirements, additional steps typically include: 

• Notify them of the incident, including the leaked password;

• Advise them to reset passwords on all third-party sites where they used these credentials;

• Recommend that all employees refrain from using their corporate email addresses on third-party websites.

2. Distributed Denial-of-Service Attacks (DDoS)

Many large organizations will experience distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks. Most attacks typically last from one to six hours, during which the affected websites may lose partial or complete functionality. The most important steps in mitigating a DDoS attack include preparation, minimizing the necessary number of responders, and documenting the event to share with appropriate parties.

Image 2: Exploit code from Mirai, the botnet involved in the Dyn DNS attacks of 2016.

In preparation for DDoS attacks, organizations are strongly encouraged to create an Incident Response (IR) plan, which should be stored in such a way that it is available even in the event of a network outage. The IR plan should be tested monthly or quarterly and should include the following:

• Contact information for carriers, on-call network engineers, and DDoS providers, if applicable;

• Emergency contact information for all key staff;

• A chain-of-command or designated single decision-maker with ample expertise;

• A list of all ingress points for the network and the staff responsible for each. If there are many networks, identify the services that go through each one;

• Document all IR tests in an incident tracking system;

• During IR tests, simulate a response with every relevant group on a call. Ask about their capabilities and how they would respond to an event;

• Documentation of all potential mitigation strategies;

• Set expectations across all teams that most DDoS events will require a minimum of 45-90 minutes to mitigate.

In the event of a DDoS attack, organizations should take the following actions:

• Open a bridge call for technical first-responders only. Do not allow non-technical staff to join;

• Immediately document who is on the call and who is making decisions;

• Pull the following groups into the call in this order:

a. Incident Response

b. Network Operations Center and Security Operations Center

c. Network Engineers for initial mitigation

d. Carriers and upstream providers to further filter traffic

e. DDoS protection providers in the event that other mitigations did not succeed.

When the incident subsides, the team should identify any lessons learned for the next event. Documentation is crucial.

3. Phishing

Typically, phishing emails solicit recipients to click a link or open an attachment. If the recipient complies, malware may execute on their system and inflict numerous damages, which can include stealing usernames and passwords, encrypting the recipient’s files with ransomware, taking control over the infected computer via remote-access applications.

Image 3: A phishing email used to infect systems with Locky Ransomware.

While organization-wide awareness of phishing is integral to prevention, organizations should also consider taking the following precautions:

• Block all attachments and use an online file exchange service, or block all unwanted attachments and only whitelist attachment types that would be expected within a business context, such as .docx and .xlsx;

• Deploy antivirus software on users’ workstations;

• Deploy application whitelisting. This is the single most effective protection for workstations;

• Disable or remove Internet Explorer; use Google Chrome;

• Deploy ad-blocking tools on Chrome;

• Use a commercial proxy server to block malicious sites;

• Use a third-party service to train users how to recognize phishing emails;

• Force all outbound web traffic to cross a proxy server so that it is logged and blocked by the service;

• Use an alternate PDF reader instead of Adobe;

• Ensure all workstations are patched frequently;

• Create an HR policy advising that frequent risky behavior on the network may result in repercussions, including termination.

In the event that a user has clicked on a link or executed an attachment and phishing is suspected or confirmed, organizations should: 

• Determine whether forensics are warranted and possible. If yes, conduct a forensic analysis on the workstation as well as proxy logs;

•If forensics are not possible, wipe and re-image the user’s workstation using a recent backup. Do not simply restore files — restore the entire operating system;

• Identify how the file or link was received and put blocks on the email system and proxy server to prevent further infections;

• Provide remedial training for staff members who open malicious links;

• In extreme cases in which the same employee has repeatedly opened malware, consider termination using a documented HR policy.

4. Destructive Malware

Destructive malware will most often take the form of ransomware, which is frequently executed on an organization’s network via phishing. In such a scenario, after a user clicks on the link or opens the malicious email attachment, the ransomware executes by encrypting all important files on their workstation or, in some situations, multiple drives, networks, or critical systems until a ransom is paid. Ransomware is common across all industry verticals and can be particularly disastrous for organizations that rely on access to such information, such as healthcare organizations.

Image 4: Ransomware can also infect mobile devices. This device was infected by Loki Android Ransomware.

In order to prevent and prepare for ransomware infections, organizations should take the following precautions:

• Ensure that all workstations and servers have appropriate backups in place — not just a sync to a server;

• Have a pool of spare, offline devices ready if it is necessary to replace a user’s workstation or server;

• Collect intelligence about major destructive malware events at other organizations and distribute intelligence to backups team, as well as InfoSec;

• Practice recovering a system from a backup on a recurring basis (monthly is best);

• Use network segmentation/isolation to protect high-risk or high-impact portions of the network, such as Human Resources, Finance, and Web Services;

• Use the services of a third-party vendor to simulate phishing and train users not to click on links or open attachments.

If a malware infection and/or ransomware encryption does occur, organizations should respond by taking the following actions:

• Provision the services of a forensics firm for major events impacting multiple systems;

• Be prepared to power off servers immediately if an attack is spreading across multiple systems;

• Identify any sensitive documents on the system that may have been exfiltrated;

• Reset any impacted users’ credentials;

• Provide remedial information security training for employees who clicked on links or opened malicious attachments;

• Socialize general information about the event within the organization to raise employee awareness;

• Notify regulators and/or law enforcement as required.


Final Notes

As many of the cyber threats targeting today’s organizations continue to occur more frequently and inflict greater damages, some organizations may require additional support beyond what baseline cybersecurity and intelligence services may offer. Flashpoint’s Advisory Services team works closely with organizations of all sizes and industries to build customized processes around a wide array of issues, which include the four common cyber threats outlined in this report. Whether an organization is looking to identify and assess risk to their company and executives proactively or to support an ongoing incident or investigation, Flashpoint’s deep experience, expertise, and intelligence capabilities are ready to assist.

For additional information or to request a meeting with Flashpoint’s Advisory Services team, please click here.

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