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Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / VP Product
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Jennifer Leggio
Chief Marketing Officer / VP Operations
Jennifer Leggio is responsible for Flashpoint’s marketing, customer acquisition, and operations. Ms. Leggio has more than 20 years of experience driving marketing, communications and go-to-market strategies in the cybersecurity industry. She’s previously held senior leadership roles at Digital Shadows, Cisco, Sourcefire, and Fortinet. She’s been a contributor to Forbes and ZDNet, and has spoken on the importance of coordinated disclosure at DEF CON and Hack in the Box, and on threat actor “publicity” trends at RSA Conference, Gartner Security Summit, and SXSW Interactive.
Chris Camacho
Chief Strategy Officer
Chris Camacho partners with Flashpoint’s executive team to develop, communicate, and execute strategic initiatives pertaining to Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Lance James
Chief Scientist / VP Engineering
Lance James is responsible for leading Flashpoint’s technology development. Prior to joining Flashpoint in 2015, he was the Head of Cyber Intelligence at Deloitte & Touche LLP. Mr. James has been an active member of the security community for over 20 years and enjoys working creatively together with technology teams to design and develop impactful solutions that disrupt online threats.
Brian Costello
SVP Global Sales and Solution Architecture
Brian Costello, a 20-year information technology and security solutions veteran, is responsible for leading the Global Sales, Solution Architecture, and Professional Services teams at Flashpoint. Throughout his career, Brian has successfully built security and cloud teams that have provided customers with innovative technology solutions, exceeded targets and consistently grown business year over year. Prior to Flashpoint, Brian led a global security and cloud vertical practice for Verizon. Brian also held senior leadership roles at Invincea, Risk Analytics and Cybertrust. Brian received his B.A. from George Mason University.
Tom Hofmann
VP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
VP Customer Success
Jake Wells leads the company’s customer success team, serving as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
VP Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.

Cybercriminals Exploiting Opportunities in Asia-Pacific Region

Blog
December 3, 2018

On Dec. 6, Senior Analyst Aaron Shraberg will be leading “Exploring the Asia Pacific Cybercrime Landscape,” a live webinar on cybercriminal activity in the region and what cyber defenders can do to mitigate the associated risks. RSVP for the webinar here.

Home to nearly half of the world’s internet users across dozens of economically, culturally, and linguistically distinct nations, the Asia Pacific (APAC) region has become a hub for cybercrime. The proliferation of various fraudulent schemes, along with several high-profile cases of compromised government and corporate databases, have put companies and large portions of the populace in APAC at risk for being the target of cybercriminal activity. The most prominent and significant cybercrime trends throughout the region include:

Carding and Cashing Out

Carding and cashing out—which are schemes that entail using stolen payment cards or card data to make fraudulent purchases, and then selling those purchases for profit—are commonly discussed topics among threat actors in Chinese-speaking Deep & Dark Web (DDW) communities. Recent and noteworthy discussions of this nature have focused on underground card shops such as Joker’s Stash, carding tutorials, and cryptocurrency cash-out schemes.

It is worth noting that the Chinese government has historically cracked down on the spread of information concerning carding and other associated activity. Analysts assess that the Chinese government’s efforts to increase its monitoring capabilities of online chatter, as well as threat actors’ fears of legal repercussions if found using compromised payment cards belonging to Chinese citizens, likely encourage Chinese threat actors to look to other DDW-language communities for knowledge, methods, and potential targets for their carding activity.

PII Breaches

Threads advertising the sale of personally identifiable information (PII) obtained from commercial and government entities are a relatively frequent occurrence on cybercrime forums in the APAC region.

Specifically, there appears to be a growing market for PII in the Chinese-language DDW, with one particular forum serving as a hub for such activity in recent months. After conducting an in-depth analysis of this forum in August 2018, Flashpoint analysts found that the majority of posts about buying and selling PII were related to PII sourced from companies in industry sectors including lottery, lending, securities, automobiles, banking, gambling, online shopping, cryptocurrency, and healthcare.

Forum members did not state explicitly how the advertised PII could be used, but such information—especially that which concerns a company’s employees or customers—can typically support a number of fraudulent schemes.

Phishing

Phishing is one of the most common ways threat actors obtain access to targeted internal networks, and it accordingly presents significant challenges to organizations in terms of education, mitigation, and response. In line with these observations, Flashpoint analysts discovered multiple threat actors discussing phishing and specific techniques, tactics and procedures (TTPs), as they relate to the APAC region. Some examples of these discussions include the use of Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) servers for conducting phishing schemes, perceptions of the ease of attacking certain targets in APAC, and the creation of phishing websites in specific Asian languages.

For instance, in June 2018 a threat actor on a Russian-language hacking forum advertised access to SMTP servers. The actor specified that the server could be used to support phishing and other schemes and listed Singapore as one of the nations where such a server is located. The physical location of such a server could increase the perceived legitimacy of phishing emails that originate from it, because security systems and unwitting victims—especially those in Singapore—may recognize that the email was transmitted through a domestic server. Such circumstances could make human targets less suspicious of unsolicited emails.

Furthermore, analysts also uncovered instances of threat actors who speak Asian languages offering alleged source code for phishing websites. This type of source code can enable threat actors to organize phishing campaigns that, after making initial contact with potential victims, aims to lure them into visiting the illegitimate sites.

Assessment

As demonstrated by the disruptions and high-profile breaches of APAC countries’ governmental and commercial databases in recent years, the cybercriminal abuse of PII presents a material risk to individuals and organizations throughout the region. With a large portion of the APAC population at risk for further fraudulent activity, governments have responded with measures to mitigate and prevent more breaches and compromises of their citizens’ data.

But at the same time, the region faces a host of cyber threat actors with varying degrees of sophistication who use a diverse array of TTPs to disrupt governments and economic interests.

To some extent, the cybercrime landscape in APAC will likely be oriented in response to major geopolitical tensions among APAC nations or shifts in the domestic political environments within these nations. Notwithstanding policies to remedy vulnerabilities in IT infrastructure and a growing appreciation for the importance of cybersecurity in APAC, given the recent high-profile cybercrimes in the region and a comparatively high volume of attack attempts, Flashpoint analysts assess that similar compromises will likely occur moving forward.

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Aaron Shraberg

Senior Analyst

Aaron Shraberg is a Senior Analyst at Flashpoint.

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