Close
Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / VP Product
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Jennifer Leggio
Chief Marketing Officer
Jennifer Leggio is responsible for Flashpoint’s marketing, customer acquisition, and operations. Ms. Leggio has more than 20 years of experience driving marketing, communications and go-to-market strategies in the cybersecurity industry. She’s previously held senior leadership roles at Digital Shadows, Cisco, Sourcefire, and Fortinet. She’s been a contributor to Forbes and ZDNet, and has spoken on the importance of coordinated disclosure at DEF CON and Hack in the Box, and on threat actor “publicity” trends at RSA Conference, Gartner Security Summit, and SXSW Interactive.
Chris Camacho
Chief Strategy Officer
Chris Camacho leads the company’s sales and client engagement & development teams, which also includes customer success, solution architecture, business development, strategic integrations, and the FPCollab sharing community. With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Rob Reznick
VP of Finance and Corporate Development
Rob Reznick leads the finance, accounting, and corporate development teams at Flashpoint. Rob previously served as Director of Finance & Accounting for 1010data (acquired by Advance/Newhouse), and Director of Finance for Financial Guard (acquired by Legg Mason) after prior work in forensic accounting and dispute consulting. Mr. Reznick is a Certified Public Accountant and holds an MBA and MAcc from the Fisher College of Business at the Ohio State University, and a BBA from the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.
Lance James
Chief Scientist / VP Engineering
Lance James is responsible for leading Flashpoint’s technology development. Prior to joining Flashpoint in 2015, he was the Head of Cyber Intelligence at Deloitte & Touche LLP. Mr. James has been an active member of the security community for over 20 years and enjoys working creatively together with technology teams to design and develop impactful solutions that disrupt online threats.
Brian Costello
SVP Global Partnerships and U.S. Public Sector
Brian Costello, a 20-year information technology and security solutions veteran, is responsible for leading the Global Sales, Solution Architecture, and Professional Services teams at Flashpoint. Throughout his career, Brian has successfully built security and cloud teams that have provided customers with innovative technology solutions, exceeded targets and consistently grown business year over year. Prior to Flashpoint, Brian led a global security and cloud vertical practice for Verizon. Brian also held senior leadership roles at Invincea, Risk Analytics and Cybertrust. Brian received his B.A. from George Mason University.
Tom Hofmann
VP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
VP, Client Engagement & Development and Solution Architecture
Jake Wells leads strategic integrations and information sharing as part of the client engagement & development team, which serves as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
VP Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.
Justin Rogers
VP Revenue Operations
Justin Rogers leads the Revenue Operations team at Flashpoint, aligning marketing, sales, partnerships, and customer success across vision, planning, process, and goals. He leverages over 15 years of experience in security, strategy, product design, and implementation to drive growth, provide an end-to-end view of the customer journey, and a seamless customer experience. Recently, Justin led Marketing for Centripetal, bringing the first Threat Intelligence Gateway to market. Previously, he managed operations of a Counter IED lab electronics forensics division while forward deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. Justin holds a BS in Electrical Engineering from the University of New Hampshire.
Glenn Lemons
Executive Director of Customer Success
Glenn Lemons is a Executive Director of Customer Success at Flashpoint. He previously served as the acting Director of Citigroup's Cyber Intelligence Center where he was responsible for analyzing and reacting to intelligence from a variety of threats. These threats ranged from fraudulent activity and attempting to defraud Citi's clients to supporting security operations for the firm's worldwide network presence. He has extensive experience working with multiple clients across the financial services, manufacturing, healthcare, and public sectors. Glenn also has more than 26 years of intelligence experience within the operational and support communities in the U.S. military and federal civilian service; seven of which focused on both defensive and offensive cyber operations. While working for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, he testified numerous times before U.S. Congressional committees and member requested open and closed sessions.
Close
Steve Leightell
Steve started his career in Internet sales in the early 1990s and was always a top sales rep before transitioning to business development. By the early 2000s, he was the Director of Business Development at DWL, where he managed a team that built partnerships with Accenture, Oracle, Tata Consulting, Wipro, Cognizant and IBM. Steve designed the channel and strategy that ultimately culminated in the acquisition of DWL by IBM in 2005. He went on to lead a global team within IBM that was responsible for major system integrator partnerships. In 2008, he left IBM to found a niche consulting firm focused on business development for SaaS organizations. Steve holds a BA in anthropology and sociology from Carleton University in Ottawa.
Ellie Wheeler
Ellie Wheeler is a Partner at Greycroft and is based in the firm’s New York office. Prior to joining Greycroft, Ellie worked in a similar role evaluating investment opportunities at Lowercase Capital. Ellie also worked at Cisco in Corporate Development doing acquisitions, investments, and strategy within the unified communications, enterprise software, mobile, and video sectors. While at Cisco, she was involved in multiple acquisitions and investments, including PostPath, Jabber, Xobni, and Tandberg. She began her career in growth capital private equity at Summit Partners in Boston. Ellie graduated magna cum laude from Georgetown University with a BA in Psychology and holds an MBA from Harvard Business School.
Glenn McGonnigle
Glenn McGonnigle is a General Partner at TechOperators. Prior to launching TechOperators in 2008, Glenn was CEO of VistaScape Security Systems, a venture-backed provider of enterprise intelligent video surveillance software. He lead the company through its successful sale to Siemens Building Technologies. Previously, Glenn was a co-founder and senior executive of Atlanta-based Internet Security Systems (ISS) where he helped raise initial venture capital and launch the business. For 7 years, he led the business development team in developing sales channels and entering the managed security services market. During his tenure, the company grew from startup to revenues of over $225 million and was later acquired by IBM for $1.3 billion.
Peter George
Peter George has an established track record of building companies that deliver sustained growth and profits and in identifying critical worldwide partnership opportunities that strategically expand market share. Prior to becoming President and CEO of Fidelis Security Systems in 2008, Mr. George spent the last seven years as President and CEO of Crossbeam Systems, the market leader in the high-end segment of the Unified Threat Management market, where he took the company from being a pre-revenue start-up to over $50 million in revenue. Previously, he was President of Nortel Networks Enterprise Business in Europe, Middle-East, and Africa, responsible for managing more than 5,000 employees and $2 billion in revenue. Mr. George came to Nortel via their 1998 acquisition of Bay Networks where he was serving as vice president of European operations. During his tenure at Wellfleet and Bay, he played key sales executive roles in New England and in Europe. Prior to joining Wellfleet, Mr. George served as the Northeast regional manager and GM of Canada at 3Com Corporation, and also held senior management positions at Ungerman Bass. He received his BA from the College of the Holy Cross, and has done graduate studies at Harvard and Oxford University.
Brendan Hannigan
Brendan joined Polaris Partners in 2016 as an entrepreneur partner. In this role, he focuses on funding and founding companies in the technology sector with a concentration in cloud, analytics, and cybersecurity. Brendan is a co-founder of Sonrai Security and chairman of Twistlock, both Polaris investments. He also currently serves on the board of Bitsight Technologies and Flashpoint. A 25 year technology industry veteran, Brendan was most recently the general manager of IBM Security. Under Brendan’s leadership, IBM Security grew significantly faster than the overall security market to become the number one enterprise security provider in the world with almost $2B of annual revenue.
image/svg+xml image/svg+xml
The Flashpoint API enables users to enrich data and analytics through our integration partners - Learn More

Hacking the Elections

Cybercrime
November 7, 2016

The issue of cybersecurity has surfaced prominently during the current United States election cycle — not merely in terms of driving policy debates between the candidates, but more broadly as outside actors have attempted to influence the outcome (and raise doubts about the credibility) of the electoral process itself.

The United States Intelligence Community recently took the unprecedented step of publicly accusing a foreign government, Russia, of attempting to tamper with the elections through a possible sophisticated information operations campaign. This campaign has resulted in several leaked caches of private e-mails and party documents on websites like WikiLeaks and DC Leaks. These leaks have dovetailed with separate reported incidents of hackers targeting and potentially gaining insider access to state voter registration systems. Though it is still unclear the degree to which the targeting of the latter state voting systems is the product of state-sponsored campaigns, there are nonetheless second-order effects that these disparate cyber campaigns are having on the overall election.

Wikileaks continues to plague the DNC

WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange continues to claim objectivity and transparency in his reporting; however, recent events have shown that WikiLeaks may be a pawn — witting or unwitting — that has been leveraged by the Russian government as an outlet for stolen information damaging to the Democratic National Party. In the lead up to the presidential election, Hillary Clinton and the DNP have become repeated targets of leaked documents. In July, WikiLeaks released 19,252 emails and 8,034 attachments from various members of the Democratic National Committee as part of a “Hillary Leak Series.” The site included boolean search functionality to allow visitors to parse through the emails of the DNC.

On October 4, 2016, Assange announced via video feed that he would publish significant materials pertaining to a number of issues — including the U.S. presidential election. WikiLeaks planned to publish material over a 10-week period as part of a 10th anniversary celebration. From his political asylum at the Ecuadorian Embassy in London, Assange announced that “all the U.S. election-related documents [will] come out before November 8.” However, Assange’s plans to offset the elections have been encumbered by pushback from a variety of countries.

WikiLeaks’s continued provocations against the United States’ Democratic Party have likely led the Ecuadorian Embassy to restrict Assange’s Internet access. In an official statement, Ecuador defended its decision as a sovereign state, claiming that Ecuadorian officials were not motivated by international pressure. Although Assange’s Internet has been severed, WikiLeaks continues to publish materials from the Democratic Party and several politicians aligned with Hillary Clinton’s Presidential Campaign. Russian influence campaigns did not limit itself to just WikiLeaks, but to other sites posting leaked documents like DC Leaks and Guccifer 2.0.

Guccifer 2.0 injects himself; suspicions of state-sponsorship

While WikiLeaks insists that it does not know or disclose the identities of its sources, a would-be “independent” hacker dubbed “Guccifer 2.0” claims to have provided WikiLeaks with a significant amount of data, including a cache of documents reportedly from the Clinton Foundation servers. It is unclear how Guccifer 2.0 obtains his or her information, though it is likely through a variety of techniques including hacking, open source research and document fabrication. While Guccifer 2.0’s sources are debatable, the hacker has indeed been effective in launching an information and propaganda campaign that has, at least to some degree, disrupted the track of the U.S. election.

The moniker “Guccifer 2.0” appears carefully chosen to distance the actor from the tinge of Russian state-sponsorship. The original “Guccifer”, Romanian hacker Marcel Lehel Lazar, was sentenced to seven years in prison in September 2016 for hacking into the email accounts of a number of celebrities and politicians, including Colin Powell. Though the name “Guccifer” was likely meant to be an allusion to the Romanian hacker because of shared political targets, it also provided Russia with a cloak of plausible deniability. Like his predecessor Lazar, “Guccifer 2.0” also purported himself to be an independent Romanian hacker, providing another layer of separation from Moscow.

United States Government Responds

On October 7, 2016, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) released a statement announcing “the U.S. Intelligence Community (USIC) is confident that the Russian Government directed the recent compromises of e-mails from U.S. persons and institutions, including from U.S. political organizations.” The tactics recently employed by WikiLeaks, DC Leaks and Guccifer 2.0 were noted for their resemblance to similar campaigns employed against democracies in Europe and Eurasia.

For its part, Russia has vehemently denied any links to the attackers and has aggressively turned blame back on the U.S. and its “flawed” electoral process. This response, however, is consistent with Russian deception and propaganda campaigns.

The U.S. seems to be considering options for a possible reprisal. At a press conference following the ODNI’s statement, the White House announced that they will consider a proportional response to Russia’s cyber attacks. Press Secretary Josh Earnest did not disclose the specific methods of retribution, though sanctions and retaliatory responses are potential options. Any response will likely take precautions not to incite further escalation.

Targeting voter databases

Aside from the various political-influence campaigns, the FBI has confirmed that malicious actors have been scanning and probing state voter databases for vulnerabilities. Though the actors were operating on servers hosted by a Russian company, those attacks are not, for the moment, being attributed to an actual Russian state-sponsored campaign.

This malicious activity is not surprising, as voter databases tend to also be lucrative targets for cybercriminals for a variety of reasons. Flashpoint has observed that a number of voter databases have been advertised for sale on numerous Deep & Dark Web forums. These databases typically contain millions of records of personal information. It is unclear if these databases were carefully targeted or a matter of opportunity.

While the information within these databases is considered public, malicious actors can still exploit it for a variety of illicit activities. Crimes may include phishing attacks and doxing, which can lead to identity theft. Cybercriminals can use stolen personal information for targeted phishing attacks and social engineering schemes to gain access to more sensitive information, such as banking credentials. Since voter databases typically include a large amount of personal information, they are potentially lucrative targets. While state-sponsored actors and hacktivists are traditionally politically and strategically motivated, cybercriminals are most often associated with attacking targets of financial opportunity.

Final Notes

The FBI’s alert was part of a cautionary report recommending that state election systems reinforce their security measures. FBI Director James Comey noted that the malicious activity took place in the voter registration databases, not the election voting system. The ODNI noted that due to the decentralized nature of the voting system and state and local protections, it would be difficult for a state actor to alter ballot counts or election results.

The U.S. election landscape is made up of approximately 9,000 different state and local jurisdictions, providing a patchwork of laws, standards, processes, and voting machines. This environment is a formidable challenge to any actor — nation-state or not — who seeks to substantially influence or alter the outcome of an election. Doing so would require mastering a large number of these disparate cyber environments and finding a multitude of ways to manipulate them. An operation of this size would require vast resources over a multi-year period — an operation that would likely be detected and countered before it could come to fruition.

Russia can most likely achieve a more reliable outcome with fewer resources not by attacking the election infrastructure directly, but rather by organizing a disinformation campaign attacking confidence in the election itself. This approach is more consistent with Russian tactics employed in Eastern Europe. This logic also seems to be echoed in the latest Guccifer 2.0 message posted on November 4, which alleges that U.S. Federal Election Commission (FEC) “software is of poor quality, with many holes and vulnerabilities.” As a consequence, Guccifer 2.0 has warned “that the Democrats may rig the elections… I also call on other hackers to join me, monitor the elections from inside and inform the U.S. society about the facts of electoral fraud.”

Notwithstanding these allegations, vote tampering during the upcoming election is highly unlikely and confidence in the U.S. voting system will remain strong. The knowledge of possible state-sponsored disinformation campaigns helps to dispel their influence over the outcome of the vote. Further, our federated and heterogeneous national voting systems helps to protect the electoral process in the face of foreign influence campaigns. The resilience in our election system currently rests within the plurality and structure of the current systems, but as information technology continues to connect more devices to the Internet, this may not always be true for future elections.

Flashpoint Intelligence Brief

Subscribe to our newsletter to stay up-to-date on our latest research, news, and events