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Josh Lefkowitz
Chief Executive Officer
Josh Lefkowitz executes the company’s strategic vision to empower organizations with Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). He has worked extensively with authorities to track and analyze terrorist groups. Mr. Lefkowitz also served as a consultant to the FBI’s senior management team and worked for a top tier, global investment bank. Mr. Lefkowitz holds an MBA from Harvard University and a BA from Williams College.
Evan Kohlmann
Chief Innovation Officer
Evan Kohlmann focuses on product innovation at Flashpoint where he leverages fifteen years’ experience tracking Al-Qaida, ISIS, and other terrorist groups. He has consulted for the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Justice, the Australian Federal Police, and Scotland Yard’s Counter Terrorism Command, among others. Mr. Kohlmann holds a JD from the Univ. of Pennsylvania Law School and a BSFS in International Politics from the Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown Univ.
Josh Devon
Chief Operating Officer / VP Product
Josh Devon focuses on product vision and strategy at Flashpoint while ensuring the company’s departments function synergistically during its rapid growth. He also works to ensure that customers receive best in class products, services, and support. Previously, Mr. Devon co-founded the SITE Intelligence Group where he served as Assistant Director. He holds an MA from SAIS at Johns Hopkins Univ. At the Univ. of Pennsylvania, he received a BS in Economics from the Wharton School and a BA in English from the College of Arts and Sciences.
Jennifer Leggio
Chief Marketing Officer / VP Operations
Jennifer Leggio is responsible for Flashpoint’s marketing, customer acquisition, and operations. Ms. Leggio has more than 20 years of experience driving marketing, communications and go-to-market strategies in the cybersecurity industry. She’s previously held senior leadership roles at Digital Shadows, Cisco, Sourcefire, and Fortinet. She’s been a contributor to Forbes and ZDNet, and has spoken on the importance of coordinated disclosure at DEF CON and Hack in the Box, and on threat actor “publicity” trends at RSA Conference, Gartner Security Summit, and SXSW Interactive.
Chris Camacho
Chief Strategy Officer
Chris Camacho partners with Flashpoint’s executive team to develop, communicate, and execute strategic initiatives pertaining to Business Risk Intelligence (BRI). With over 15 years of cybersecurity leadership experience, he has spearheaded initiatives across Operational Strategy, Incident Response, Threat Management, and Security Operations to ensure cyber risk postures align with business goals. Most recently as a Senior Vice President of Information Security at Bank of America, Mr. Camacho was responsible for overseeing the Threat Management Program. An entrepreneur, Mr. Camacho also serves as CEO for NinjaJobs: a career-matching community for elite cybersecurity talent. He has a BS in Decision Sciences & Management of Information Systems from George Mason University.
Lisa Iadanza
Chief People Officer
Lisa M. Iadanza leads all functional areas of People Operations at Flashpoint, including human resources, talent acquisition & management, employee engagement, and developing high performance teams. In addition to collaborating with the executive team to drive strategic growth, she plays an integral role in fostering Flashpoint’s culture and mission. Driven by her passions for mentorship, employee advocacy, and talent development, Ms. Iadanza has more than twenty years of experience in building, scaling, and leading human resources functions. Prior to Flashpoint, she held leadership roles at Conde Nast, Terra Technology, and FreeWheel. She is a member of the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) and holds a bachelor’s degree in management with concentrations in human resources and marketing from State University of New York at Binghamton.
Rob Reznick
VP of Finance and Corporate Development
Rob Reznick leads the finance, accounting, and corporate development teams at Flashpoint. Rob previously served as Director of Finance & Accounting for 1010data (acquired by Advance/Newhouse), and Director of Finance for Financial Guard (acquired by Legg Mason) after prior work in forensic accounting and dispute consulting. Mr. Reznick is a Certified Public Accountant and holds an MBA and MAcc from the Fisher College of Business at the Ohio State University, and a BBA from the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.
Lance James
Chief Scientist / VP Engineering
Lance James is responsible for leading Flashpoint’s technology development. Prior to joining Flashpoint in 2015, he was the Head of Cyber Intelligence at Deloitte & Touche LLP. Mr. James has been an active member of the security community for over 20 years and enjoys working creatively together with technology teams to design and develop impactful solutions that disrupt online threats.
Brian Costello
SVP Global Sales and Solution Architecture
Brian Costello, a 20-year information technology and security solutions veteran, is responsible for leading the Global Sales, Solution Architecture, and Professional Services teams at Flashpoint. Throughout his career, Brian has successfully built security and cloud teams that have provided customers with innovative technology solutions, exceeded targets and consistently grown business year over year. Prior to Flashpoint, Brian led a global security and cloud vertical practice for Verizon. Brian also held senior leadership roles at Invincea, Risk Analytics and Cybertrust. Brian received his B.A. from George Mason University.
Tom Hofmann
VP Intelligence
Tom Hofmann leads the intelligence directorate that is responsible for the collection, analysis, production, and dissemination of Deep and Dark Web data. He works closely with clients to prioritize their intelligence requirements and ensures internal Flashpoint operations are aligned to those needs. Mr. Hofmann has been at the forefront of cyber intelligence operations in the commercial, government, and military sectors, and is renowned for his ability to drive effective intelligence operations to support offensive and defensive network operations.
Jake Wells
VP Customer Success
Jake Wells leads the company’s customer success team, serving as an internal advocate for our government and commercial clients to ensure Flashpoint’s intelligence solutions meet their evolving needs. He leverages a decade of experience running cyber and counterterrorism investigations, most recently with the NYPD Intelligence Bureau, to maximize the value customers generate from our products and services. Mr. Wells holds an MA from Columbia University and a BA from Emory University.
Brian Brown
VP Business Development
Brian Brown is responsible for the overall direction of strategic sales and development supporting Flashpoint’s largest clients. In his role, Mr. Brown focuses on designing and executing growth-oriented sales penetration strategies across multiple vertical markets, including both Government and Commercial, supporting Flashpoint’s Sales and Business Development Teams. An experienced entrepreneur, Mr. Brown also serves as CSO for NinjaJobs, a private community created to match elite cybersecurity talent with top tier global jobs and also advise growth-stage cybersecurity companies.
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Flashpoint Introduces Innovative Approach for Use Case-Driven Intelligence

Latin American “Bineros” Ramping Up Fraudulent Activity

Blog
May 17, 2018

Fraudulent activity among Latin American cybercriminals, known as bineros, continues to plague online streaming services and retailers operating in the region. The source of this death-by-a-thousand-cuts type of fraud is an undetermined issue with the validation of BINs.

Bineros operate in Spanish-language (and some Portuguese-language) Latin-American underground communities and focus on the hunt for security flaws related to bank identification numbers (BINs). BINs that are improperly validated during online checkout processes can then be abused by the bineros, who subsequently generate false payment card numbers beginning with the vulnerable BIN in order to carry out fraudulent purchases.

Flashpoint analysts said they have observed a rising number of discussions about this type of fraud in Spanish-language forums and on the encrypted messaging app Telegram, with mentions of binero-styled card numbers peaking in April 2017 and again in November 2017.

BINs are four- to six-digit numbers that identify the issuing bank in a payment card purchase. BINs have a purpose in limiting fraud and speeding up payments by matching transactions to an issuing institution, which receives the authorization request related to a transaction.

The improper validation likely arises from the bank behind the BIN not supporting the type of card validation that the online retailers perform, thereby approving a card even if it is not valid.

Tutorials hosted on some Deep & Dark Web (DDW) websites put a great deal of emphasis on the importance of a specific BIN susceptible to this type of fraud because most of the remaining card details can be generated with a specialized tool. A number of these tools are available in Spanish-, Portuguese-, and English-language forums and they can generate card details including CVV codes and expiration dates that are purportedly capable of bypassing security measures. Most bineros seem to prefer inventing a fraudulent card rather than stealing or buying existing card numbers; the vulnerabilities in the respective checkout systems can be exploited to trick the bank into processing a payment, even on a card that likely doesn’t exist.

A worrisome aspect to this type of fraud is that it’s carried out with fabricated information, save for the BINs, meaning there’s no need to purchase or steal compromised payment card data anywhere else on the Deep & Dark Web (DDW). This activity is hitting the retail and entertainment services industries—in particular, music and video streaming services—in addition to the fraudulent purchase of products online. In fact, the underground tutorials supplement BIN-related retail fraud with advice on shipping fraudulent purchases and the use of reshipping services to serve as a drop site.

Targeting online entertainment services appears to be quite popular within binero communities. Flashpoint analysts assess that bineros likely target online entertainment services more frequently than online retailers due in part to the immediate delivery of such services, as opposed to the more complicated logistics surrounding shipping and receiving online goods.

Adding to the tension is the fact that bineros seem content to share techniques in order to boost credibility and reputation on Spanish-language forums, seemingly without fear of oversaturating their market or burning their methods. They also use social media and messaging platforms to share information publicly and collaborate to the benefit of all bineros.

Flashpoint analysts believe the bineros’ attitude toward widespread sharing of techniques may be due to either affected entities’ slow responses to this type of fraud or to the ease of finding new BINs for targeting online retailers and entertainment services.

Flashpoint analysts assess that binero-related fraud will likely persist. The low levels of effort and technical sophistication needed to conduct binero fraud may indicate that this method will continue to attract new fraudsters.

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Liv Rowley

Liv Rowley speaks fluent Spanish and specializes in analyzing threats emerging from the Spanish-language underground with an emphasis on Latin America. Prior to Flashpoint, Olivia’s passion for Latin America and the Middle East led her to pursue extensive research on the languages, culture, and political climate of these regions. She has studied abroad in Madrid, Spain and holds a bachelor’s degree in International Relations with a concentration in International Security from Tufts University.

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Flashpoint Analyst Team

The Flashpoint analyst team is composed of subject-matter experts with tradecraft skills honed through years of operating in the most austere online environments, training in elite government and corporate environments, and building and leading intelligence programs across all sectors. Our team covers more than 20 languages including Arabic, Mandarin, Farsi, Turkish, Kazakh, Spanish, French, German, Russian, Ukrainian, Italian, and Portuguese.

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